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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 290 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 19 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/133
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], regretting that the Royal Navy could not provide artillery support on the Belgian coast. WSC explains that small ships were not powerful enough, and it was not justifiable to expose battleships to risk of attack by submarines, except to support a land attack of primary importance. [Hand-written draft, unsigned].

Dates: 19 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 21 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/143-155
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the treatment of naval units serving with the Army in France. WSC argues that they should continue to be subject to the Naval Discipline Act, not given the choice to "become a soldier or be sent home"; he lists the five units concerned: armoured trains, motor omnibuses, aircraft, armoured cars and 15-inch howitzers. [Two draft carbon copies].

Dates: 21 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 23 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/158-160
Scope and Contents Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the status of naval units serving with the Army in France. Kitchener states that while the War Office would welcome a Naval Brigade or Division, they did not think it necessary to have "irregular" Naval units serving in armoured cars or trains, which could be provided by the War Office. He adds that if these irregular units were only a means for "certain officers and gentlemen...
Dates: 23 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 31 Dec [1914]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/162-163
Scope and Contents

Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the need to secure naval command of the Baltic, in view of the stalemate on the Western Front. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC].

Dates: 31 Dec [1914]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 10 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/45-49
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres], on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende, Belgium, suggesting that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. Also includes Admiralty memorandum sketching out naval support for the army. [Hand-written drafts, initialled by WSC].

Dates: 10 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 15 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/60
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the naval support of the Army's attack on Ostende [Belgium] had been "most useful". French recommends that the same co-operation be given the next day, with note by WSC, confirming that naval co-operation would be continued. [Initialled by WSC].

Dates: 15 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 26 Dec 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/61
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the advance along the Belgian coast from Nieuport was not as fast as hoped, and asking for surprise bombardment by monitor and big gun ships. [Typescript copy].

Dates: 26 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 24 Aug 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/28
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the Supreme Commander of the Russian Armies [the Grand Duke Nicholas] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, accepting in principle the offer of assistance from the Royal Navy to a Russian Army landing on the North German Coast, if the British fleet gained command of the Baltic Sea. [Typescript copy].

Dates: 24 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 25 Aug 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/29
Scope and Contents Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], and Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on naval power in the Baltic. WSC points out that the destruction of the Austrian Navy or the accession to Britain's side of Italy and Greece would enable two fleets to be maintained, each superior to Germany, one of which could be placed in the Baltic. [Hand-written,...
Dates: 25 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 19 Aug 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/30
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on naval strength in the Baltic, stating that the Kiel Canal gave Germany the power of putting their whole naval force in the North Sea or the Baltic. He adds that the Royal Navy was not strong enough to provide two fleets, each individually superior to the German Fleet, and that the Admiralty could not obtain the naval command of the Baltic until either a decisive general battle had been won at sea or the Kiel canal was effectively blocked....
Dates: 19 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 02 Sep 1914

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/39-40
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the need for artillery on the Western Front, suggesting that territorial batteries be sent to India, and regular artillery brought home: "It is an awful pity to leave these splendid batteries keeping order among natives when trained artillery is our bitterest need. I think myself that every regular battery in India except mountain, ought to come home and be replaced by...
Dates: 02 Sep 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 03 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/1
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, asking if he considered the forcing of the Dardanelles by Ships alone to be a practicable operation, stating that the importance of the result would justify severe loss [typescript copy].

Dates: 03 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 05 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/2
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that he did not consider that the Dardanelles could be rushed, but that they might be forced by extended operations with a large number of ships [typescript copy].

Dates: 05 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 06 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/3
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, on his view that the Dardanelles could be forced by extended operations by a large number of ships. Asking for details of his plans [typescript copy].

Dates: 06 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 09 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/4
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice Admiral Sackville Carden to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, acknowledging receipt of telegram of 6 Jan [CHAR 13/65/3] [typescript copy].

Dates: 09 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 11 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/5-7
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice Admiral Sackville Carden to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, giving plans for Naval operations in the Dardanelles [typescript copy].

Dates: 11 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 12 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/8
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, o plan for the forcing of the Dardanelles [typescript copy].

Dates: 12 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 13 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/9
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, on plan for the forcing of the Dardanelles, asking if he meant that operations would take a month, or should begin in about a month [typescript copy].

Dates: 13 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 13 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/10
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice Admiral Sackville Carden to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that he felt that his plan to force the Dardanelles would last about a month [typescript copy].

Dates: 13 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 13 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/11
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice Admiral Sackville Carden to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting that high speed was necessary in the two capita ships required for meeting the "Goeben" in Marmara, Turkey [typescript copy].

Dates: 13 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 14 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/12
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice Admiral Sackville Carden to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, recommending that before commencing operations in the Dardanelles, HMS "Indefatigable" should have a short refit at Malta [typescript copy].

Dates: 14 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 15 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/13
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice Admiral Sackville Carden, reporting that his scheme for forcing the Dardanelles had been approved in principle by the Cabinet War Committee [typescript copy].

Dates: 15 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 15 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/15
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Vice Admiral Sackville Carden, Dardanelles, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, requesting permission to accompany HMS "Indefatigable" on refit in Malta, leaving Squadron under the command of Rear-Admiral Guepratte [typescript copy].

Dates: 15 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 24 Jan 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/18
Scope and Contents Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, Dardanelles, stating that when HMS "Inflexible" arrived he should transfer his Flag to her, and send HMS "Indefatigable" to Malta for refit. If he needed to be at Malta to make preparations, he should wait until relieved by Rear-Admiral John de Robeck, who would have temporary rank of Vice-Admiral. Stating that it was imperative for Britain to retain command off the Dardanelles, and retain a Battle Cruiser, and a V.A. there...
Dates: 24 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 10 Feb 1915

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65/19
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, Dardanelles reporting that HMS "Agamemnon" was being sent out to relieve "Inflexible", which was required for the Battle Cruiser Squadron [typescript copy].

Dates: 10 Feb 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open