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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 1452 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 27 Dec 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/118A/1-2
Scope and Contents

Letter from CSC to WSC, on his return to Belgium after leave in Britain. Typescript transcript at CHAR 1/118B/2.

Dates: 27 Dec 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 11 Jan [1916]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/118A/20-21
Scope and Contents

Letter from CSC to WSC, on the Conscription Crisis, the Prime Minister's method of dealing with opposition, and the possibility of publication of the Dardanelles Papers. Typescript transcript at CHAR 1/118B/23-25.

Dates: 11 Jan [1916]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Feb [1916]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/118A/76
Scope and Contents Letter from CSC (41 Cromwell Road [London]) to WSC on subjects including: news of a German offensive at Arras [France]; an air raid at Walmer [Kent]; dinner with Lady Randolph Churchill where she had met Hugh Warrender; "Lulu" [Lewis] Harcourt and May Harcourt; reports that AJB [Arthur Balfour] is "run entirely by Masterton [James Masterton-Smith ]"; WSC's improvements to his battalion which have been widely discussed. In a postscript she comments "I fear the war will last over another...
Dates: 23 Feb [1916]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/45-49
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres], on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende, Belgium, suggesting that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. Also includes Admiralty memorandum sketching out naval support for the army. [Hand-written drafts, initialled by WSC].

Dates: 10 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 11 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/52-55
Scope and Contents

Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] (Headquarters, British Army) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking about the possible use of armoured boats on the canals. [Hand-written, signed by French, and initialled by WSC].

Dates: 11 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 13 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/56
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] on his request for armed craft for service on the canals. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC].

Dates: 13 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/60
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the naval support of the Army's attack on Ostende [Belgium] had been "most useful". French recommends that the same co-operation be given the next day, with note by WSC, confirming that naval co-operation would be continued. [Initialled by WSC].

Dates: 15 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 26 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27A/61
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the advance along the Belgian coast from Nieuport was not as fast as hoped, and asking for surprise bombardment by monitor and big gun ships. [Typescript copy].

Dates: 26 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Aug 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/28
Scope and Contents

Telegram from the Supreme Commander of the Russian Armies [the Grand Duke Nicholas] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, accepting in principle the offer of assistance from the Royal Navy to a Russian Army landing on the North German Coast, if the British fleet gained command of the Baltic Sea. [Typescript copy].

Dates: 24 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Aug 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/29
Scope and Contents Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], and Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on naval power in the Baltic. WSC points out that the destruction of the Austrian Navy or the accession to Britain's side of Italy and Greece would enable two fleets to be maintained, each superior to Germany, one of which could be placed in the Baltic. [Hand-written,...
Dates: 25 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Aug 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/30
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on naval strength in the Baltic, stating that the Kiel Canal gave Germany the power of putting their whole naval force in the North Sea or the Baltic. He adds that the Royal Navy was not strong enough to provide two fleets, each individually superior to the German Fleet, and that the Admiralty could not obtain the naval command of the Baltic until either a decisive general battle had been won at sea or the Kiel canal was effectively blocked....
Dates: 19 Aug 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Sep 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/39-40
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the need for artillery on the Western Front, suggesting that territorial batteries be sent to India, and regular artillery brought home: "It is an awful pity to leave these splendid batteries keeping order among natives when trained artillery is our bitterest need. I think myself that every regular battery in India except mountain, ought to come home and be replaced by...
Dates: 02 Sep 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 14 Nov 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/92-93
Scope and Contents Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in- Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on naval aircraft, recommending that they be sent back to Britain for refitting, as attempting to refit in France or Belgium would cause congestion. French states that the Royal Flying Corps would attack Zeppelin sheds as soon as the Zeppelins arrived, and that the help of the Royal Naval Air Service would be very desirable. He adds that the...
Dates: 14 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Nov 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/95
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] on air attacks on German Zeppelin bases. WSC states that all naval aircraft and armoured cars would be withdrawn to Dunkirk [France], "so as to keep quite clear of the British Army and its communications", but would remain there for the present. [Hand-written copy, unsigned].

Dates: 15 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 29 Nov 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/103
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], on the military situation on the Western Front, offering to come over to see him to discuss the matter. [Hand-written copy].

Dates: 29 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/111
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende [Belgium]. WSC suggests that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. [Hand-written draft, unsigned].

Dates: 10 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/112
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel [George] Tom Bridges [Head of Military Mission with the Belgian Field Army] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the work of the Naval Division in Belgium.

Dates: 10 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/133
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], regretting that the Royal Navy could not provide artillery support on the Belgian coast. WSC explains that small ships were not powerful enough, and it was not justifiable to expose battleships to risk of attack by submarines, except to support a land attack of primary importance. [Hand-written draft, unsigned].

Dates: 19 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/143-155
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the treatment of naval units serving with the Army in France. WSC argues that they should continue to be subject to the Naval Discipline Act, not given the choice to "become a soldier or be sent home"; he lists the five units concerned: armoured trains, motor omnibuses, aircraft, armoured cars and 15-inch howitzers. [Two draft carbon copies].

Dates: 21 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Dec 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/158-160
Scope and Contents Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the status of naval units serving with the Army in France. Kitchener states that while the War Office would welcome a Naval Brigade or Division, they did not think it necessary to have "irregular" Naval units serving in armoured cars or trains, which could be provided by the War Office. He adds that if these irregular units were only a means for "certain officers and gentlemen...
Dates: 23 Dec 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 31 Dec [1914]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/27B/162-163
Scope and Contents

Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the need to secure naval command of the Baltic, in view of the stalemate on the Western Front. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC].

Dates: 31 Dec [1914]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Nov 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/28/38-39
Scope and Contents

Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] urging him to persuade Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] to send 100,000 men to Flanders [Belgium] at once. Fisher also comments on the lack of daring shown by General Joseph Joffre [Commander-in-Chief, French Army]. [Hand-written, with typescript copy].

Dates: 21 Nov 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Sep 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/29/154-155
Scope and Contents

Minute from Major-General Sir George Aston, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting on the activities of the Naval Division in Belgium and France. [Carbon].

Dates: 24 Sep 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 28 Sep 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/29/159-162
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Alfred Ollivant (Dunkirk [France]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting on the activities of the Royal Naval Division in France and Belgium. [Carbon].

Dates: 28 Sep 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Oct 1914

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/29/166-169
Scope and Contents

Admiralty statement on the work of the Royal Naval Division in the defence of Antwerp [Belgium]. [Carbon].

Dates: 10 Oct 1914
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.