First World War (1914-1918)
Found in 1452 Collections and/or Records:
Printed note by WSC referring to his Cabinet memorandum on the Dardanelles campaign written in July [see CHAR 2/74/13] and complaining about the delay in fighting the battle in Gallipoli and the decline in British manpower resulting from the Government's failure to introduce conscription. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/133.
Cabinet memorandum by WSC (written in July and printed in October) detailing the missed military and diplomatic opportunities in Gallipoli and elsewhere in South-East Europe and arguing that a third British army should be sent to Turkey and that agreement be reached with Bulgaria to bring her onto the Allied side in order to stop Germany breaking through to Turkey and beyond. Another copy (reprinted Feb 1917) at CHAR 2/74/128.
Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (1 Hyde Park Gardens, [London]) to WSC explaining the rise in the number and morale of Turkish troops in Gallipoli between the battles on 12 July and 6 August 1915, and the need to stress the fact that the operations at Suvla Bay were in support of the main thrust at Anzac Cove.
Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (Hackwood, Basingstoke, [Hampshire]) to WSC giving details of the severe shortages of ammunition which hampered operations in the Dardanelles.
Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] protesting against the Government's decision not to lay before Parliament papers relating to the operations in the Dardanelles and Gallipoli. Typescript copy.
Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (Deanston House, Perthshire, [Scotland]) to WSC enclosing a copy of a telegram from him to Rear Admiral John de Robeck [see CHAR 2/74/2] to show that he did not influence de Robeck in his abandonment of purely naval attacks at the Dardanelles. Signed typescript.
Letter from Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett (17 Park Lane, London) to WSC blaming the military authorities, in particular General Sir Ian Hamilton, for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign. Signed typescript.
Recommendation of the General Staff on the question of the action to be taken at Gallipoli. Sent with CHAR 2/68/18-19.
Comments by 10th Lord Cavan on WSC's memorandum on various offensive tactics that could be used on the western front [see CHAR 2/68/52-59]. Typescript copy.
Summary of the military situation in the various theatres of war for the nine days ending 18th November, with comments by the General Staff.
Note by WSC instructing Edward Marsh to reply to Sir Maurice Hankey that WSC thinks it is wrong of the Army Council to tamper with the work of [Cecil Aspinall, later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] the official historian [of the Dardanelles campaign].
Letter from Sir Ian Hamilton (Lennoxlove, Haddington [East Lothian] Scotland) to WSC, on the publication of 1st Lord Haig's memoirs. Hamilton expresses his anxiety about how an argument between himself, Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] and Haig, at a Cabinet meeting in August 1914, over postponing landings on the Western Front, will be represented in the memoirs.
Letter from Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Malta) to WSC thanking him for writing, reporting on his inspection of aircraft carriers and his cruise in the Aegean, referring to Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] history of the [Dardanelles] campaign and to his (Keyes') polo ponies.
Letter from Sir Maurice Hankey (Offices of the Cabinet) to Edward Marsh on passages in Cecil's Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] history [of the Dardanelles campaign] which the War Office wishes to be excised.
Note [on the desire of the War Office to excise a passage from Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] official history of the Dardanelles campaign].
Letter from Edward Marsh (Treasury Chambers) to Sir Maurice Hankey on the passages in Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] official history of the Dardanelles campaign which the War Office wish to be excised.
Note from Edward Marsh to [WSC] reporting that Edward Spears has told him that Cecil Aspinall [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander], the official historian of the Dardanelles campaign, has written a chapter on policy which completely justifies WSC's views and which the War Office has vetoed on the grounds that Aspinall had exceeded his brief.
Letter from T Taylor Heywood, journalist (11 Geneva Terrace, Rochdale, [Lancashire]) to WSC asserting that unless he explains who was responsible for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign many young Conservatives like Heywood will leave the party because it is allowing WSC back into its ranks.
Letter in French from Franchet d'Esperey (Perros par Bubry, Morbihan, [Franche]) to Jacques Balsan reporting that in Constantinople in 1919 Djevad Pasha, a Turkish commander, had told him that the forces defending the Dardanelles were in such a state that had the Royal Navy continued its attack it would have succeeded. Sent with CHAR 2/153/15-16.
Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes to WSC, asking if it was true that Asquith had wanted WSC to go out to the Dardanelles after he left the Admiralty in 1915.
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