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First World War (1914-1918)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Cabinet papers on naval policy and naval statistics, 1917-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/MCKN 7/1
Scope and Contents

Includes: memorandum by Winston Churchill on naval war policy, particularly the ineffectiveness of the distant blockade and the Navy's defensive approach, while submarines were attacking commercial shipping, and the advantages of inshore offensives from an overseas base close to Germany, such as the Frisian Islands, Borkum or Sylt; comparative tables for the Anglo-American and German fleets, supplied by Churchill.

Dates: 1917-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/281
Scope and Contents Proofs, newspaper cuttings and research notes for various articles by WSC for the Daily Telegraph: "Fleets of Britain and America" on the naval building programmes of Great Britain and the United States; "Mr Churchill on the abuse of the dole" on WSC's opinions of the dole, the live register of unemployment and national insurance; a series of articles on "The Crucial Crises of the [First World] War" on the Battle of the Marne [France], Admiral [John] De Robeck and the minefields at the...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: articles, News of the World 1., Jan 1936 - Feb 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/541
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Great Men of Our Time": "Kitchener" on 1st Lord Kitchener of Khartoum [Sudan]; "Admiral Fisher" on 1st Lord Fisher; "King George V"; "Sir John French" on 1st Lord Ypres; "Douglas Haig" on 1st Lord Haig; "Asquith" on 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith [earlier Herbert Asquith].Also includes: "Truth about the Bacon Letters", a cutting of an article by Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon in answer to WSC's article on Fisher.

Dates: Jan 1936 - Feb 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Correspondence., 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/210
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Albert, Bishop of Liverpool; H G Wells praising "The World Crisis" and WSC as a historian (2); [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston]; [Charles, 9th] Duke of Marlborough about WSC's plans to write about John, 1st Duke of Marlborough; [1st Lord] Beatty [Admiral of the Fleet]; Ernle Chatfield [3rd Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy] about the weaponry of Battle Cruisers as demonstrated in action at Heligoland, Dogger Bank and Jutland; [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor...
Dates: 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series)., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/651
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "War - from inside the Admiralty" on experiencing naval action at the Admiralty during World War I, and a detailed description of the battle of the Dogger Bank; "U-boats - How the Navy Beat Them" on the morality of submarine warfare, the development of the Q-boat, the U-boat campaign against supply from the United States, and its consequence, the entry of the US into the war; "War on the Western Front" on casualties among the French, Germans and...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series)., 07 Jan 1940 - 21 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/674
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "Escort" on transporting troops by sea and British naval policy at the beginning of World War I; "Spring Offensive" on WSC's experiences of the German offensive "Michael"; "40 Days of Hell" on the final German offensive of World War I and Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig's orders to stand firm; "Germany's Vital Bid to Beat Blockade" on the position of Romania during the War; "U-boats versus Q-boats" on British strategy against the German U-boat...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 21 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/675
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Man Who Scared the U-Boats" on the convoy system for merchant shipping during World War I; "The German Army Myth" on the first battles on the Western Front; "The French" on the Battle of Verdun [France]; "The Blackest Day of the German Army" on the use of tanks at the Battles of Cambrai and Amiens [both France]; "The Valiant Heart of Man" on the bravery of those who fought in World War I; "Plan for Victory" on British naval strategy at the start...
Dates: 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 3 ("The World Crisis" series)., 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/676
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "My Fight for Sea Power" on the strengthening of the Royal Navy in the years immediately preceding the First World War, the development of the 15 inch gun, and working with Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord; "Into the Jaws of Death" on British submarine action in the Dardanelles [Turkey]; "Invasion" on the [first] Battle of the Marne [France]; "Battle of the Tanks" on the development of the tank, and its use at Paschendaele [Belgium]...
Dates: 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/649
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Most Thrilling Days I Have Ever Lived" on his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty, on board the Enchantress, visiting the British Naval Fleet, his threat to resign, and the decision to order the Fleet to its war stations; "With the Kaiser on Parade" on his experiences as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, viewing the manoeuvres of the German Army in 1906, WSC's impressions of its strength, and his meeting with Young Turks in...
Dates: Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/692
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for (some from a series, "A Great Novel Rewritten as a Short Story"): "'Jane Eyre' by Charlotte Bronte"; "'Adam Bede' by George Eliot"; "'Vice Versa' by Anstey [Thomas Guthrie]"; "The truth about the former German colonies" on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective with reference to [Prince Otto von] Bismarck, and WSC's views on German treatment of native peoples; "Mankind Must Keep Pace with Science"...
Dates: 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5., 13 Jul 1941 - 29 Aug 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/694
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Sea raiders" on the German ships "Scharnhorst" and "Gneisenau" and their eventual destruction during World War I; "A speech that prevented war" on [David] Lloyd George's speech at the Mansion House [London] on the Agadir [Morocco] Crisis in 1911; "Why I believe in government for the people" on totalitarianism in Germany, ranking the citizen higher than the state, and comparing the constitutions of Britain and the United States; "A People...
Dates: 13 Jul 1941 - 29 Aug 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/671
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The British Working Man" on WSC's views on the rights and responsibilities of trade unions, strikes, the role of government in industrial disputes, and the birth of the Labour Party; "A Very Great Englishman" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell, his role at the siege of Mafeking [South Africa] and the founding of the Boy Scouts Movement; "The March of Progress" on scientific developments and their effect on mankind from the Stone Age to the mid-twentieth...
Dates: 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/696
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The truth about the Dardanelles [Turkey]", WSC's account of the strategic thinking behind the campaign, and the support it received from the War Council and leading naval figures; "The peril of half-measures and compromise in war" on Lord Fisher's doubts and Lord Kitchener's role in the campaign; "17 sea mines which played a part in history" on the naval bombardment of the Dardanelles' forts, Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden going sick, and...
Dates: 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., May 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/689
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Liberty for: "U-Boat Menace" on the war on the Western Front during World War I, the Dardanelles [Turkey] campaign, the German U-boat campaign, and the role of the Royal Navy in defeating it; "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Our Friendship with America" on misunderstandings with the United States, a history of Anglo-American conflicts,...
Dates: May 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

"My family saga", 1955 - 1976

Reference Code: GBR/0014/GALN 2
Scope and Contents Autobiographical account by George Allen written for his family covering his life and naval career, highlighting key events and turning points and analysing his response to them. Also includes details of people, colleagues and family members. Subjects, issues and people covered include: childhood and education; his mother, Beatrice Allen (née Wilkinson, known as Betty) and her circumstances and career; joining the Royal Navy aged 12, naval traditions, reforms to the navy by [Sir...
Dates: 1955 - 1976
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 14 Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/127/139
Scope and Contents

Page from the Times including marked article describing the naval attack in the Dardanelles as "a legitimate war gamble". [Retained in connection with the proceedings against Lord Alfred Douglas arising from his claim that WSC misreported the Battle of Jutland to allow Jewish interests led by Sir Ernest Cassel to profit on the stock market].

Dates: 14 Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.