Battle of El Alamein (1942)
Found in 22 Collections and/or Records:
Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Includes: Air Ministry papers from the German Intelligence Department; papers on negotiations with Turkey; battle summaries for the Western Desert; correspondence and memoranda from the 2nd Tactical Air Force; daily orders; notebooks.
Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Field-Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery., 15 Feb 1943 - 18 Nov 1957
Churchill Archives Centre holds excerpts from volume one and a complete copy of volume two of the autobiography. Subjects covered include Wimberley's service in the First World War, between the wars and during the Second World War.
Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" regarding the French fleet in Alexandria [Egypt] and arguing that there would be no point in denouncing the agreement with the French Admiral as this might lead to a battle between the British and French fleets at the same time as the battle is proceeding at El Alamein [Egypt].
Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC, and repeated to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] warning of the dangers that would arise from the enemy fortifying the gap between El Alamein and the Qattara depression [Egypt].
Copy of a telegram from [?] Captain R F Gore Browne forwarded to Commodore Horace Norman, Brigadier Francis de Guingand [Chief of Staff to 8th Army], Group Captain A J Rankin and Director CBME, giving [an Enigma decrypt] of a German situation report for the day, including bomber attacks in the Alamein area [Egypt], information on a Long Range Desert Group unit on the northern edge of the Qattara depression, and German and Italian serviceable tank strengths.
Letter from King George VI to WSC congratulating him on the 8th Army's victory in Egypt [at El Alamein]; with reply and envelope.
Pamphlet entitled "The New Zealand Division in Egypt and Libya, operations 'Lightfoot' and 'Supercharge' [code names for plans for the second battle of El Alamein, Egypt]. Part I Narrative and Lessons" with foreword by General [Bernard] Montgomery, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, 8th Army, and introduction by Lieutenant-General [Bernard] Freyberg, General Officer Commanding, 2nd New Zealand Expeditionary Force. [annotated on cover by Freyberg; for part II, see CHAR 20/246/191-207].
Pamphlet entitled "The New Zealand Division in Egypt and Libya, operations 'Lightfoot' and 'Supercharge' [code names for plans for the second battle of El Alamein, Egypt]. Part II Maps and Diagrams" with an index. [for Part I, see CHAR 20/246/166].
Letter from WSC to General Charles de Gaulle [Chief of Free French] on Allied success in the battle in the Western desert [El Alamein, Egypt].
Letter from King George VI to WSC congratulating him on the success of the 8th Army in Egypt [at El Alamein]; with WSC's reply on the value of the King's support and the progress of "Torch" [codename for the Allied invasion of North West Africa] and notes by John Martin and Francis Brown [Private Secretaries to WSC] ascertaining that the King's letter will not be published.
Telegram from General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal" replying to WSC's telegram of 05 Oct [see CHAR 20/80/125, regarding brigade action around Munassib] and explaining why the operation was staged and what lessons were learnt for "Lightfoot" [codename for plan for second battle of El Alamein].
Telegram from Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Tunis] to WSC and Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Sir Alan Brooke, later Lord Alanbrooke] marked "personal" informing them that "Zip" [code name for beginning of second battle of El Alamein] was 2200 hours local time today.
Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" informing him that the battle in Egypt [2nd battle of El Alamein] began tonight at 8 pm London time and that: "All the Shermans and 105 S.B.'s which you gave me on that dark Tobruk morning will play their part.".
Telegram from General [Harold] Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal" thanking him for his encouraging message and commenting "Enemy is fighting desperately but we are hitting him hard and continuously and boring into him without mercy [a reference to the Second Battle of El Alamein, Egypt]." Typescript.
Telegram from [General Harold Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Tunis] Commander in Chief Middle East to WSC marked "personal" reporting casualties [in the Second Battle of El Alamein, Egypt] including 695 officers and 9,435 soldiers of other ranks killed, wounded or missing and reporting that 213 wounded tanks have also been recovered. Typescript.
Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" in which he says that reports from Egypt confirm his confidence in a decisive victory [a reference to the Second Battle of El Alamein, Egypt] and that it will be difficult for [Field Marshal Erwin] Rommel to disengage his army to the south. He also expresses pleasure at news from the Solomon Islands and New Guineau. Carbon typescript signed with initials.