Skip to main content

Western Europe

 Subject
Subject Source: Local sources

Found in 427 Collections and/or Records:

 Item

(Untitled), 03 May [1945]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/229B/197
Scope and Contents

Telegram from War Office to TAC HQ 21 Army Group passing on a "Personal and Secret, also Private" message from WSC to Field Marshal [Sir Bernard] Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] stating his pleasure at Montgomery's advance to Lubeck [Germany] and the news that he is to receive the surrender of General Gunther Blumentritt's Army Group and mentioning sending a message of public appreciation.

Dates: 03 May [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Oct 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/181/24-25
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] for General George Marshal [Chief of Staff United States Army] marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating his message to President Roosevelt stating his opinions on the Italian Front [see CHAR 20/173/19-20]. Marked: "From Tolstoy".

Dates: 10 Oct 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/178/9
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "Top Secret and Personal" commenting on reverses on the Western front: suggesting that one problem is the lack of a unified field command; that German successes should not persuade Allied commanders to weaken the northern west flank of British forces, but instead lead them to launch a counterstroke at the Ruhr front [Germany].

Dates: 21 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 22 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/178/13-16
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of South Africa [Field Marshal Jan Smuts] marked "Personal and Top Secret" reporting on the situation in Western Europe: stating that the British have been pressing for some time for the emphasis of the advance against Germany to be north of the Ruhr [Germany]; and that General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] has reorganised the command structure; complaining about the situation in...
Dates: 22 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 31 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/178/70-71
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" recommending that they send Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to Moscow [Soviet Union] to accompany Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Deputy Supreme Commander under General Eisenhower], who will be briefing Soviet officials on latest developments on the Western Front.

Dates: 31 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 31 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/178/74
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" expressing satisfaction that they seem to be "getting into step" over Greece and Poland; suggesting that Roosevelt sends a private message to King George II of Greece; stating that he will be pleased to send a message to Marshal Stalin supporting Roosevelt's position on Poland; and expressing his view that the battle in Western Europe is "turning steadily in our favour".

Dates: 31 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 19 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/193B/195-196
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Prime Minister of the Netherlands [Professor Doctor Pieter S Gerbrandy] informing him that there is no chance of clearing Western Holland by 30 Apr [1945], commenting on the contents of his letter, and stating that he is endeavouring to have the matter put into the hands of General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] [carbon, with manuscript addition not in hand of WSC].

Dates: 19 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 24 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/193B/198
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lieutenant-Colonel Steer-Webster thanking him for the excellent coloured reproduction of "Mulberry B" [codename for type of artificial harbour used on D-Day], asking him to thank Corporal Jobson who was responsible for the painting, and thanking him and his staff for the various models and the relief map of the Mulberry which they have sent to WSC's Map Room [carbon].

Dates: 24 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197B/160-163
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of letter from Major John d'Henin Hamilton [later 3rd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell] (5 Battalion Coldstream Guards, B.L.A.) to "Uncle Gavin" [2nd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell] thanking him for books, commenting on the continuing fighting and explaining his reluctance to come home "until things get a bit quieter". He states that he has written to Mr Cranna (the Conservative Secretary in Glasgow) and expresses hope that the Motherwell Association can wait a little longer. He refers to...
Dates: 23 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 23 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197B/164
Scope and Contents Letter from Major John d'Henin Hamilton [later 3rd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell] (5 Battalion Coldstream Guards, B.L.A.) to "uncle Gavin" [2nd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell] thanking him for books, commenting on the continuing fighting and explaining his reluctance to come home "until things get a bit quieter". He states that he has written to Mr Cranna (the Conservative Secretary in Glasgow) and expresses hope that the Motherwell Association can wait a little longer. He refers to exasperation of...
Dates: 23 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 28 Apr 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197B/165
Scope and Contents Letter from 2nd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell (Dalzell, Motherwell, Scotland) to WSC informing him that he is enclosing a letter from his nephew "Jack" [John d'Henin Hamilton, later 3rd Lord Hamilton of Dalzell], who is commanding a company in the 5th Battalion Coldstream Guards [see CHAR 20/197B/161-164]. He explains that he is sending it because of the statement in the letter about the harm that would be done to army morale by premature victory celebrations. He further explains that his nephew...
Dates: 28 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Unknown

(Untitled), 4-6 Aug 1950

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28/45-51
Scope and Contents Copy of a covering letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" sending on two enclosures and undertaking to support the government on national defence, while reserving the right to criticise the Government on defence spending, and suggesting a recall of Parliament at the end of August.Includes enclosures: A copy of a note by WSC (dated 4 August) suggesting a plan for creating an emergency army for Western Europe, including the need for increased length of service by...
Dates: 4-6 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 05 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/217/88-89
Scope and Contents Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (San Francisco [United States]) marked "Top Secret" and "personal" reiterating his view that Marshal Stalin, President Harry Truman and he need to meet to prevent "a great catastrophe"; reporting on Marshal Tito's [Premier of Yugoslavia (later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia)] "breach of faith" over occupying disputed territories in north-east Italy; the Allied...
Dates: 05 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 06 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/218/2
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] to WSC marked "Personal" reporting that the situation in Denmark is calm; detailing troops and equipment he has sent there; and stating that he believes that Admiral Karl Doenitz [Head of the German Government] will very soon "surrender everything to the Allies".

Dates: 06 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/195B/186
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Chiang-Kai-shek [President of China] to WSC offering the heartiest congratulations of the Chinese Nation on the occasion of the triumphant entry of Allied troops into Berlin [Germany]: expresses conviction that the "heroic efforts of your armed forces will be attended with equally brilliant successes in the Far East in their struggle with the Japanese aggressors" [copy].

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/195B/187
Scope and Contents

Proposed text of telegram from WSC to Chiang-Kai-shek [President of China] to WSC thanking him for his telegram of congratulations on the occasion of the triumphant entry of Allied troops into Berlin [Germany], and confirming that: "our endeavours will not slacken until Tokio [Tokyo, Japan] has been entered as well as Berlin." [copy, see also CHAR 20/195B/189 & 193].

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/195B/189
Scope and Contents

Draft of telegram from WSC to Chiank-Kai-Shek [President of China] thanking him for his message of congratulations on the occasion of the entry of Allied troops into Berlin [Germany] and confirming that: "our endeavours in the joint cause will not slacken until Tokio [Tokyo, Japan] has been entered as well as Berlin." [typescript] Annotated and initialled by WSC in red [see CHAR 20/195B/193 for final version].

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 03 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/195B/190
Scope and Contents

Telegram from Chiank-Kai-Shek [President of China] to WSC conveying congratulations of the entire Chinese Nation on the occasion of the entry of Allied troops into Berlin [Germany] and expressing the conviction that: "the heroic efforts of your Armed Forces will be attended with equally brilliant successes in the Far East in their struggle with the Japanese aggressors".

Dates: 03 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 04 May 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/195B/193
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Chiang-Kai-Shek [President of China] thanking him for his telegram of congratulations on the occasion of the entry of "our Soviet Allies" into Berlin [Germany]; commenting on the victory gained by Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theatre] in Italy; expressing conviction that "our endeavours in the joint cause will not slacken until the last enemy has been beaten down".

Dates: 04 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 21 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197A/89
Scope and Contents Letter from Captain Cyril Falls (Military Correspondent of the Times) to WSC expressing his "profound anxiety" about the conduct of operations in North-West Europe. He complains about the overall control of the Allied offensive, contrasts this with the success of the German offensive under Field Marshal Karl Von Rundstedt [battle of the Bulge], and comments critically on leading Allied commanders including General Dwight D Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force Western...
Dates: 21 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 31 Dec 1944

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197A/90-92
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Captain Cyril Falls [Military Correspondent of the Times] marked "private and confidential" replying in detail to his letter expressing anxiety about the conduct of operations in North-West Europe. WSC comments on the likely result of the offensive conducted by Field Marshal Karl Von Rundstedt [battle of the Bulge], expresses astonishment at criticism of Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre]...
Dates: 31 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Jan 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197A/93-94
Scope and Contents Letter from Captain Cyril Falls [Military Correspondent of the Times] to WSC thanking him for his reply to his previous letter, which "written under the influence of disappointment, was probably petulant and unbalanced". He comments on the German offensive [battle of the Bulge], on the respective abilities of Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre], Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group]...
Dates: 02 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 08 Jan 1945

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/197A/95
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Captain Cyril Falls [Military Correspondent of the Times] marked "most secret" thanking him for his letter, commenting on the division of command in North-West Europe between Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] and General Omar Bradley [Commander 12th Army Group, United States Army], expressing preference "to see the Germans fighting catch as catch can with us in the open, rather than our splashing through the mud towards their pill-boxes and...
Dates: 08 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Unknown

"War cabinet: Chiefs of Staff Committee: Weekly Resume (no.40) of the Naval, Military and Air Situation", 30 May- 6 Jun 1940

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 23/5/1-14
Scope and Contents Detailed summary of the war situation including: the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk including the effect of weather conditions, numbers evacuated, naval losses and attacks by German bombers; attacks by U-boats on seaborne trade; anti-submarine operations; German trade; overview of the military and air situation covering Norway, Italy, the North Sea and coastal operations, the bombing of Great Britain, attacks on Germany by Bomber Command, French and German air...
Dates: 30 May- 6 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"Wars are not won by evacuations", 04 Jun 1940

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A/9-28
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of notes for WSC's speech on the fall of Belgium and surrender of King [Leopold] of Belgium; the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France]; the successes of the RAF; losses of men and weaponry; military development and the possibility of German invasion. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender".Carbon typescript copy with some manuscript annotations in ink [not by WSC] laid out in "psalm style" apart...
Dates: 04 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open