Dardanelles campaign (1915-1916)
Found in 671 Collections and/or Records:
Printed note by WSC referring to his Cabinet memorandum on the Dardanelles campaign written in July [see CHAR 2/74/13] and complaining about the delay in fighting the battle in Gallipoli and the decline in British manpower resulting from the Government's failure to introduce conscription. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/133.
Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (Hackwood, Basingstoke, [Hampshire]) to WSC giving details of the severe shortages of ammunition which hampered operations in the Dardanelles.
Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] protesting against the Government's decision not to lay before Parliament papers relating to the operations in the Dardanelles and Gallipoli. Typescript copy.
Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton (Deanston House, Perthshire, [Scotland]) to WSC enclosing a copy of a telegram from him to Rear Admiral John de Robeck [see CHAR 2/74/2] to show that he did not influence de Robeck in his abandonment of purely naval attacks at the Dardanelles. Signed typescript.
Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to David Lloyd George arguing that the Government should honour its pledge to lay before Parliament papers relating to the Dardanelles Expedition and that the setting up of a secret House of Commons committee of inquiry is not a substitute for this. Incomplete draft in WSC's hand. Second and third sheets filed in wrong order.
Minute by WSC on the plan for concentrating naval forces in the Mediterranean ("Pola") with a view to forcing the Dardanelles. Typescript copy.
Minute by WSC on the naval arrangements for the forcing of the Dardanelles and the seizure of Alexandretta. Typescript copy.
Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to "Fred" [Sir F E Smith, later 1st Lord Birkenhead] enclosing printed papers relating to the Dardanelles [see CHAR 2/74/49-64] and asking for advice on how best to present his case. Refers to the German capture of Turtukay (Romania). Typescript copy.
"The Dardanelles Inquiry. Notes for evidence by Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Maurice Hankey, secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence." Uncorrected proof annotated by WSC. Printed 16 Aug. Sent with CHAR 2/74/47-48.
Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener arguing that only those battleships needed for the initial stage of the Dardanelles bombardment should be used at the outset and that the seizure of Alexandretta should be attempted at the same time as the bombardment so that it can be represented as the main operation if the attack on the Dardanelles is checked. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/9,.
Letter in French from Victor Augagneur [French Minister of Marine] (Paris) to [WSC] indicating agreement with British proposals for Anglo-French naval co-operation in the eastern Mediterranean with reference to the attacks on the Dardanelles and Alexandretta (31 Jan). With notes that Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener have seen the letter and that WSC thinks it is satisfactory (3 February). Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/13.
Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener on the preparation of transports to the Dardanelles for the 29th Division and the need for the French Division to come to Lemnos in view of the absence of British regulars. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/17.
Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener suggesting that 20 March be fixed on as the date for the landing of troops after the initial naval operations at the Dardanelles and approving the appointment of General Sir Ian Hamilton to the command of the military operations. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/18.
Letter in French from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of Marine, to WSC agreeing with the plans for the Dardanelles operations set out in a recent memorandum from WSC and giving details of the relevant French naval dispositions. With notes that the letter was seen by [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener, and that it is satisfactory to WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/81/14.
Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC on the amendments made by [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] to the evidence he proposes to present to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry and Fisher's continued belief that it is still possible to carry out a naval action in the Baltic and an attack on the Dardanelles as outlined by Fisher in his letter to WSC of 3 January 1915.
"Lord Fisher's narrative of his connection with the Dardanelles Operations." [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher]. Typescript.
Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] describing certain incidents not recorded in writing which should feature in the published papers about the Dardanelles and Gallipoli operations, mentioning documents which should be included and suggesting that only a precis of his memorandum on general naval policy of January 1915 should be published. Typescript copy.
Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to Lord Cromer asking for his evidence to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry to be amended to make it clear that he favoured the military attack after the naval operation was abandoned and that the matter was discussed in Cabinet. Copy in WSC' s hand.
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