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Dardanelles campaign (1915-1916)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 222 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Admiralty: Dardanelles Telegrams., 03 Jan 1915 - 25 May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/65
Scope and Contents From the Series: The Admiralty papers contain correspondence, minutes, and War Cabinet papers created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as First Lord of the Admiralty, a position held from 23 October 1911 to 24 May 1915.The material contains correspondence with senior Admiralty figures, politicians including the Prime Minister, public and foreign figures on subjects including naval strategy and engagements, armament production, merchant shipping, and more general political considerations. It...
Dates: 03 Jan 1915 - 25 May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/281
Scope and Contents Proofs, newspaper cuttings and research notes for various articles by WSC for the Daily Telegraph: "Fleets of Britain and America" on the naval building programmes of Great Britain and the United States; "Mr Churchill on the abuse of the dole" on WSC's opinions of the dole, the live register of unemployment and national insurance; a series of articles on "The Crucial Crises of the [First World] War" on the Battle of the Marne [France], Admiral [John] De Robeck and the minefields at the...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Correspondence., 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/210
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Albert, Bishop of Liverpool; H G Wells praising "The World Crisis" and WSC as a historian (2); [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston]; [Charles, 9th] Duke of Marlborough about WSC's plans to write about John, 1st Duke of Marlborough; [1st Lord] Beatty [Admiral of the Fleet]; Ernle Chatfield [3rd Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy] about the weaponry of Battle Cruisers as demonstrated in action at Heligoland, Dogger Bank and Jutland; [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor...
Dates: 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Correspondence concerning WSC's research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/203
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Beatty, Admiral of the Fleet; James Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor to the Foreign Office] (2); Kenneth Dewar of the Naval Staff Intelligence Division (5); 1st Lord D'Abernon [earlier Sir Edgar Vincent] (4) on statistics of German casualties (4); Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] (3); Brigadier General James Edmonds of the Military Branch of the Historical Section (13); John Du Cane (3); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Committee of Imperial...
Dates: 20 Jan 1926 - 31 Oct 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 3 ("The World Crisis" series)., 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/676
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "My Fight for Sea Power" on the strengthening of the Royal Navy in the years immediately preceding the First World War, the development of the 15 inch gun, and working with Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord; "Into the Jaws of Death" on British submarine action in the Dardanelles [Turkey]; "Invasion" on the [first] Battle of the Marne [France]; "Battle of the Tanks" on the development of the tank, and its use at Paschendaele [Belgium]...
Dates: 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/649
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Most Thrilling Days I Have Ever Lived" on his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty, on board the Enchantress, visiting the British Naval Fleet, his threat to resign, and the decision to order the Fleet to its war stations; "With the Kaiser on Parade" on his experiences as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, viewing the manoeuvres of the German Army in 1906, WSC's impressions of its strength, and his meeting with Young Turks in...
Dates: Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/692
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for (some from a series, "A Great Novel Rewritten as a Short Story"): "'Jane Eyre' by Charlotte Bronte"; "'Adam Bede' by George Eliot"; "'Vice Versa' by Anstey [Thomas Guthrie]"; "The truth about the former German colonies" on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective with reference to [Prince Otto von] Bismarck, and WSC's views on German treatment of native peoples; "Mankind Must Keep Pace with Science"...
Dates: 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/671
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The British Working Man" on WSC's views on the rights and responsibilities of trade unions, strikes, the role of government in industrial disputes, and the birth of the Labour Party; "A Very Great Englishman" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell, his role at the siege of Mafeking [South Africa] and the founding of the Boy Scouts Movement; "The March of Progress" on scientific developments and their effect on mankind from the Stone Age to the mid-twentieth...
Dates: 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/696
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The truth about the Dardanelles [Turkey]", WSC's account of the strategic thinking behind the campaign, and the support it received from the War Council and leading naval figures; "The peril of half-measures and compromise in war" on Lord Fisher's doubts and Lord Kitchener's role in the campaign; "17 sea mines which played a part in history" on the naval bombardment of the Dardanelles' forts, Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden going sick, and...
Dates: 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., May 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/689
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Liberty for: "U-Boat Menace" on the war on the Western Front during World War I, the Dardanelles [Turkey] campaign, the German U-boat campaign, and the role of the Royal Navy in defeating it; "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Our Friendship with America" on misunderstandings with the United States, a history of Anglo-American conflicts,...
Dates: May 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 Series

Official: Admiralty, 1911 - 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13
Scope and Contents The Admiralty papers contain correspondence, minutes, and War Cabinet papers created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as First Lord of the Admiralty, a position held from 23 October 1911 to 24 May 1915.The material contains correspondence with senior Admiralty figures, politicians including the Prime Minister, public and foreign figures on subjects including naval strategy and engagements, armament production, merchant shipping, and more general political considerations. It...
Dates: 1911 - 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Cabinet: correspondence and notes on World War I., 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/37
Scope and Contents Correspondence includes: [1st Lord] Emmott [First Commissioner of Works] on the fortification of Buckingham Palace against air attacks; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions] on negotiations between Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] and Bulgaria and Greece; Austen Chamberlain [Secretary of State for India] on rewards to India after the war; Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith, Prime Minister]; [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston, Lord Privy...
Dates: 17 Feb 1915 - 22 Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: correspondence mainly about the Dardanelles Expedition., Apr 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/43A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Josiah Wedgwood, General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force (4), Kenneth Dundal and Harold Cawley on their personal experiences of events at the Dardanelles; Maurice Hankey [Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence] on his responsibility for policy on the Dardanelles expedition; "Freddie" [Frederick Guest]; Major General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations at the War Office] (10) on subjects including movements of...
Dates: Apr 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: miscellaneous papers., May 1915 - Sep 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/44
Scope and Contents Includes: notes on the formation of the air department; manuscript statements by WSC on the situation in the Dardanelles and at Gallipoli and on the options of the British government; notes by WSC on the positions occupied by the British fleet and the possibility of the United States joining the war; notes on a discussion between General Sir Ian Hamilton [Commander of Mediterranean Expeditionary Force] and Admiral [John] de Robeck [Commander of naval forces] on the disembarkation of troops;...
Dates: May 1915 - Sep 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: war appreciations., 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/51
Scope and Contents Printed papers on various operations including: the Dardanelles by Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War]; the situation in the Aegean; several assessments and forecasts of the situation on the Western Front and in the Balkans (by Lieutenant General Sir Archibald Murray, Chief of the Imperial General Staff), and in Syria and Mesopotamia [later Iraq]; the impact of the Dardanelles operation on the conduct of the war; the employment of an allied force in Macedonia and Serbia; and the...
Dates: 28 May 1915 - 13 Nov 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: Dardanelles Committee: War Office telegrams., May 1915 - Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/54
Scope and Contents Printed telegrams about the Dardanelles expedition including 131 telegrams from General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force on various aspects of the campaign including Turkish fortifications, operations and engagements, landing troops at Gallipoli, his requirements for troops, ammunition and rations and 19 telegrams from Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War. Also includes manuscript calculations by WSC on troop numbers.Other subjects include the...
Dates: May 1915 - Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: printed papers on World War I., Jul 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 21/40
Scope and Contents Printed papers on various subjects including: the situation in Bulgaria and other Balkan states and the effects of the Dardanelles expedition; trade with the United States and the possibility of declaring cotton contraband; the recruitment of coal miners; the economic situation in Germany and Austria-Hungary; a loan to Romania; retaliation policy against Germany; a draft bill relating to elections and registration; the blockade against Germany; the sinking of German submarine U23; a scheme...
Dates: Jul 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: War Council., Jan 1915 - May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26/2
Scope and Contents General Correspondence.Correspondents include 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, (3) mainly on Russia; General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres] (9), mainly on the Western Front; General Sir Ian Hamilton (8); on the Territorial Army; Major-General William Birdwood, the 2nd London Division and the Dardanelles; F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead] (2); Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Prime Minister (2), on the War Council and the Dardanelles; David Lloyd...
Dates: Jan 1915 - May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: War Council, 1914-1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 26
Scope and Contents The War Council was established in November 1914 to direct the overall conduct of the War. This class contains all of WSC's correspondence and papers relating to the discharge of this responsibility except those relating to the Admiralty and certain other specific bodies such as the Cabinet and its various committees. The two correspondence files (26/1 and 26/2) contain valuable correspondence with Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War and General Sir John French [later 1st Lord Ypres],...
Dates: 1914-1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 06 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/142/112-113
Scope and Contents

Letter from Sir Roger Keyes [later Lord Keyes] (Admiralty House, Malta) to WSC thanking him for writing, reporting on his inspection of aircraft carriers and his cruise in the Aegean, referring to Cecil Aspinall's [later Cecil Aspinall-Oglander] history of the [Dardanelles] campaign and to his (Keyes') polo ponies.

Dates: 06 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 09 Nov 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/111/57-58
Scope and Contents

Letter from [WSC] to Walter Long [later Lord Long] asserting that the conclusions of the report on the Dardanelles will encourage a negative attitude in the Navy and that if it is published so should all other relevant documents. Typescript copy.

Dates: 09 Nov 1920
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 15 Nov 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/111/64
Scope and Contents

Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC stating that he intends to leave the consideration of the report [on the Dardanelles defences] to his Naval Staff and does not intend to publish it.

Dates: 15 Nov 1920
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 20 Jan 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/46/44
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the naval attack on the Dardanelles. WSC states that it would be desirable for an attack on Alexandretta [Iskenderun, Turkey] to be simultaneous, so that if the attack on the Dardanelles was a failure it could be presented as a mere demonstration to cover the seizure of Alexandretta. [Hand-written copy].

Dates: 20 Jan 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), May 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 13/52/79
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to John S Churchill, on Lord Fisher's resignation as 1st Sea Lord, largely on Dardanelles questions, and his own departure from the Admiralty, stating that ther two friends (Vice Admiral John de Robeck and Gen Sir Ian Hamilton) would be supported and should not be disheartened [handwritten copy].

Dates: May 1915
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.