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Dardanelles campaign (1915-1916)

 Subject
Subject Source: UK Archival Thesaurus

Found in 21 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Dardanelles Inquiry, 1911-10 - 1916-06

Reference Code: GBR/0014/FISR 16/6
Scope and Contents Copies of Fisher's papers and correspondence [?] used for the Inquiry, (with some originals), including: pre-war letters from Fisher to Alfred Gardiner [Editor of the Daily News] and Winston Churchill [First Lord of the Admiralty]; the exchange of notes between Fisher and Herbert Asquith [Prime Minister, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], on Fisher's resignation as 1st Sea Lord, with a letter from Churchill to Fisher; preliminary papers on the Dardanelles (mainly Jan-Feb 1915), including...
Dates: 1911-10 - 1916-06
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

"From the Dardanelles", 1915-02-20 - 1915-12-13

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WMYS 7/11/2
Scope and Contents Written from Paris, M.M. Paquebot, H.M.S. Dartmouth, H.M.S. Hussar, H.M.S. Euryalus, Moudros on Lemnos and H.M.S. Europa. Subjects include work done to make Lemnos a naval and military base, Wemyss' work at the Court Room on Lemnos, the small loss of life in British naval ships, the censorship of letters, the retirement of Sir Winston Churchill and Sir John Fisher, Wemyss' views of Australian, American and French troops, his hopes that the Bosphorus and Dardanelles will be...
Dates: 1915-02-20 - 1915-12-13
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/279A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondence, research notes and proofs of articles by WSC: "The United States of Europe" on European affairs and trade, the treaty of Versailles [France], the League of Nations, decisions made by [Aristide] Briand and the positions of the United States and Canada; "The Truth about the Dardanelles" including WSC's relationship with Lord Fisher at the Admiralty; "A Great Big Idea" on European affairs; "Why Pay More Taxes" including a statement by WSC on the Budget; "Mr Churchill advises...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/281
Scope and Contents Proofs, newspaper cuttings and research notes for various articles by WSC for the Daily Telegraph: "Fleets of Britain and America" on the naval building programmes of Great Britain and the United States; "Mr Churchill on the abuse of the dole" on WSC's opinions of the dole, the live register of unemployment and national insurance; a series of articles on "The Crucial Crises of the [First World] War" on the Battle of the Marne [France], Admiral [John] De Robeck and the minefields at the...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Correspondence., 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/210
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Albert, Bishop of Liverpool; H G Wells praising "The World Crisis" and WSC as a historian (2); [Lord] Curzon [of Kedleston]; [Charles, 9th] Duke of Marlborough about WSC's plans to write about John, 1st Duke of Marlborough; [1st Lord] Beatty [Admiral of the Fleet]; Ernle Chatfield [3rd Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy] about the weaponry of Battle Cruisers as demonstrated in action at Heligoland, Dogger Bank and Jutland; [James] Headlam-Morley [Historical Advisor...
Dates: 02 Jun 1927 - 11 Dec 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 3 ("The World Crisis" series)., 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/676
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "My Fight for Sea Power" on the strengthening of the Royal Navy in the years immediately preceding the First World War, the development of the 15 inch gun, and working with Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord; "Into the Jaws of Death" on British submarine action in the Dardanelles [Turkey]; "Invasion" on the [first] Battle of the Marne [France]; "Battle of the Tanks" on the development of the tank, and its use at Paschendaele [Belgium]...
Dates: 28 Apr 1940 - 08 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/649
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Most Thrilling Days I Have Ever Lived" on his experiences as First Lord of the Admiralty, on board the Enchantress, visiting the British Naval Fleet, his threat to resign, and the decision to order the Fleet to its war stations; "With the Kaiser on Parade" on his experiences as Under Secretary of State for the Colonies, viewing the manoeuvres of the German Army in 1906, WSC's impressions of its strength, and his meeting with Young Turks in...
Dates: Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/692
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for (some from a series, "A Great Novel Rewritten as a Short Story"): "'Jane Eyre' by Charlotte Bronte"; "'Adam Bede' by George Eliot"; "'Vice Versa' by Anstey [Thomas Guthrie]"; "The truth about the former German colonies" on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective with reference to [Prince Otto von] Bismarck, and WSC's views on German treatment of native peoples; "Mankind Must Keep Pace with Science"...
Dates: 13 Apr 1941 - 25 May 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4., 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/668
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Other Man Who Thought He Had Us Beaten" on the character of Kaiser Wilhelm II, the peace before World War I, WSC's presence at military manoeuvres in Germany in 1906, Wilhelm's mistakes, and his years of exile following the war; "Another Blow We Thought We Would Never Survive" on WSC's memories of Lord Kitchener during World War I, the fall of Namur [Belgium], the failure of the Dardanelles [Turkey] expedition, and Kitchener's death; "The...
Dates: 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5., 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/669
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My American Notebook" on WSC's travels in California [United States], Redwood trees, visiting San Francisco [United States] and the Lick Observatory; "Where the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward VIII] Will Govern", a brief history of the Bahamas, including pirates and wreckers, the American Civil War, the effect of Prohibition, and commenting on the residents and WSC's memories of the islands; "The American Problem" on United States prosperity,...
Dates: 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 03 Aug 1941 - 05 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/695
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Sport, the stimulant" on the effect of modern inventions on the average person, watching, playing, and making money from sport, pigeon racing, angling, motor transport, hiking, cycling, theatre, cinema, radio, reading, and moral considerations; "Why the navy runs on oil" on the advantages of oil over coal as a fuel for ships, its adoption by the Royal Navy during WSC's first term as First Lord of the Admiralty, and the Anglo-Persian oil...
Dates: 03 Aug 1941 - 05 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/671
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The British Working Man" on WSC's views on the rights and responsibilities of trade unions, strikes, the role of government in industrial disputes, and the birth of the Labour Party; "A Very Great Englishman" on 1st Lord Baden-Powell, his role at the siege of Mafeking [South Africa] and the founding of the Boy Scouts Movement; "The March of Progress" on scientific developments and their effect on mankind from the Stone Age to the mid-twentieth...
Dates: 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7., 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/696
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The truth about the Dardanelles [Turkey]", WSC's account of the strategic thinking behind the campaign, and the support it received from the War Council and leading naval figures; "The peril of half-measures and compromise in war" on Lord Fisher's doubts and Lord Kitchener's role in the campaign; "17 sea mines which played a part in history" on the naval bombardment of the Dardanelles' forts, Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden going sick, and...
Dates: 12 Oct 1941 - 16 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/609
Scope and Contents Includes: Press cutting for "1938 - World's Year of Fate", published in Answers (29 January 1938), briefly commenting on rearmament, the Spanish Civil War, the threat of Japan, Italy and Germany, and the role of Britain, France and the United States. Cuttings and proofs for "Women in War", published in the February edition of the Strand Magazine, looking at the subject from both an historical perspective, focusing on figures such as Joan of Arc, and examining the contemporary situation...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., May 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/689
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from Liberty for: "U-Boat Menace" on the war on the Western Front during World War I, the Dardanelles [Turkey] campaign, the German U-boat campaign, and the role of the Royal Navy in defeating it; "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Our Friendship with America" on misunderstandings with the United States, a history of Anglo-American conflicts,...
Dates: May 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Various correspondence., 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/223
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colonel Minnegerode of the New York Times about the serialisation of Volume 4 of "The World Crisis", "The Aftermath"; Sir James Henderson-Stewart; Lucy Wise on the visit of Sir Frederic Wise to Germany to report on the country's financial position to the Peace Conference; Professor Leslie Hearnshaw; Henry Forster (3); [Major] Desmond Morton; [Brigadier General James] Edmonds [of the Military Branch of the Historical Section] (6); Commander Taprell Dorling (4); Peter...
Dates: 21 Oct 1922 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Various Correspondence relating to Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., Jan 1917 - Mar 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/208
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Jonathan Cape Limited on the possibility of WSC writing an introduction to Lord John Herbey's memoirs of the reign of King George II (2); Major-General Sir Frederick Maurice on the accuracy of WSC's citation of army statistics which were given to [David] Lloyd George (8); Brigadier General James Edmonds of the Military Branch of the Historical Section (3); General Debeney of the French Ministry of War; Professor F A Lindemann [later Lord Cherwell]; Admiral Sir Cecil...
Dates: Jan 1917 - Mar 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 14 Oct 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/127/139
Scope and Contents

Page from the Times including marked article describing the naval attack in the Dardanelles as "a legitimate war gamble". [Retained in connection with the proceedings against Lord Alfred Douglas arising from his claim that WSC misreported the Battle of Jutland to allow Jewish interests led by Sir Ernest Cassel to profit on the stock market].

Dates: 14 Oct 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Item

(Untitled), 07 Dec [1915]

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/121/44-45
Scope and Contents

Letter from "Jack" [John S Churchill] (Dardanelles) to "Mama" [Lady Randolph Churchill] including: the problems posed by cold weather which has led to men in the trenches dying of exposure; relief that WSC has left the Government; financial difficulties; the unpopularity of [General Sir] Ian [Hamilton]. Annotated by Lady Randolph Churchill "Keep money part private".

Dates: 07 Dec [1915]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 File

"With Channel Cruiser Squadron", 1914 - 1915

Reference Code: GBR/0014/WMYS 7/11/1
Scope and Contents Written from Cowley House in Uxbridge, Admiralty House in Devonport, H.M.S. Charybdis, H.M.S. Euryalus and H.M.S. Diana. Subjects include German plans regarding territory, Italy's possible neutrality, Wemyss' own hopes for an end to the use of submarines, mines and military air ships in warfare, Wemyss' view of Sir Winston Churchill's abilities, the Dardanelles campaign, the repulsion of the Germans from Warsaw by the Russians and Wemyss' difficulty in feeling glad at German...
Dates: 1914 - 1915
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.

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