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 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 170 - 200., 17 May 1922 - 15 May 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/94
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects, including: Sir Douglas Hogg [later 1st Lord Hailsham, Attorney-General] on leaks to the press about the Budget; Sir John Gilmour, Secretary for Scotland, on Government lands and buildings; Sir William Joynson-Hicks [later 1st Lord Brentford], Home Secretary, on the Roman Catholic Relief Bill and the Local Government Franchise (Extension to Companies) Bill; Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Secretary of State for War, on Government lands...
Dates: 17 May 1922 - 15 May 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

General files on political issues, 1924-04 - 1948-08

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 1/4/11
Scope and Contents Includes: Unionist Central Office hints for speakers on the budget (April 1924 and May 1925), general progress from November 1924 to spring 1925, unemployment, general progress from November 1924 to August 1925, the coal dispute, General Strike and the Unemployment Insurance Act; copy of Hansard on debates over the frontiers of Iraq, naval commitments to the League of Nations, and a vote of censure against the Government; report and notes on the appointment of ex-servicemen to the civil...
Dates: 1924-04 - 1948-08
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Unknown

Budget Statement, 11 Apr 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79/5
Scope and Contents

Print of WSC's Budget statement on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund, simplification of income tax, tax evasion, indirect taxation, the McKenna Duties, wine and tobacco duties, the Road Fund and beer duties.

Dates: 11 Apr 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Cuttings, 1926-03-10 - 1926-12-19

Reference Code: GBR/0014/BRDW I Press 26 B/2
Scope and Contents

Cuttings on the economy: Budget (attacks on WSC’s handling including speech by David Lloyd George, and release of the new budget); General Strike and subsequent negotiations; Trade Unionism; war debts of France; taxation (especially betting); Bank Rate.
International/National affairs: WSC’s visit to Belfast, Ulster, problems with Soviet Union, Agricultural Policy; rumours of WSC being made first Minister of Defence.

Dates: 1926-03-10 - 1926-12-19
Conditions Governing Access: From the Series: Accessible on microfilm.
 Unknown

Budget Statement, 11 Apr 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79/7-71
Scope and Contents

Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund, simplification of income tax, tax evasion, indirect taxation, the McKenna Duties, wine and tobacco duties, the Road Fund and beer duties.Typescript laid out in "psalm style" with manuscript annotations in red and black ink by WSC.

Dates: 11 Apr 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 260 - 279., 26 Jun 1924 - 22 Jul 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/97
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects, including: the report of the Imperial Conference (Documents) Committee, on co-operation in financial assistance to Imperial development; 1st Lord Cave, the Lord Chancellor, on royal assent to legislation and the conduct of Labour Justices of the Peace during the General Strike; the interim reports of the Committee on the report of the Royal Commission on the coal industry; Sir Maurice Hankey, Secretary to the Cabinet; Leo Amery,...
Dates: 26 Jun 1924 - 22 Jul 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Newsnight, 1984-10 - 1985-12

Reference Code: GBR/0014/KNNK 17/39
Scope and Contents

Transcripts of and briefing for interviews on subjects including the miners’ strike, defence, economic policy and the Social Democrat/Liberal Alliance. Also includes correspondence between the BBC and Peter Mandelson, Director of Campaigns and Communications, on coverage of Labour in general.

Dates: 1984-10 - 1985-12
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material, print and press cutting., 03 Apr 1926 - 10 Jun 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/75A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (3 April) on the choice between an indefinite coal subsidy or a General Strike, and maintaining essential services in a strike. Source material includes a note from [Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister] on [Ramsay MacDonald, Leader of the Labour Party]'s attitude to the subsidy, a copy of a letter from Walter Citrine, Secretary, Trades Union Congress General Council, on the distribution of essential foodstuffs, and a press cutting reporting a statement by Arthur...
Dates: 03 Apr 1926 - 10 Jun 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes., 02 Jan 1926 - 14 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/30A-B
Scope and Contents Includes carbon copies of minutes and letters from WSC to various individuals, mainly Treasury officials, including: James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer]; Sir Horace Hamilton [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise]; Sir George Barstow [Controller of Supply Services]; Sir Richard Hopkins [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue]; Sir Russell Scott [Controller]; Sir Warren Fisher...
Dates: 02 Jan 1926 - 14 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/76
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (2 July), entitled "Emergency Power", on the coal dispute, the 8 Hours Bill, wages, the Labour Party's vote of censure against the Government, the miners' refusal to come to terms, and the results of the strike. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4014 - 4024.Speech notes for WSC's statement (15 July), entitled "Finance Bill (Betting Duty)", on the expected revenue from the tax, and different rates for racecourses and betting offices. Published:...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and Hansard., 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/93A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (26 January), entitled "India - 'A Frightful Prospect'" on poor recent handling of Indian affairs, Indian hopes for Dominion status and a Federal Government, parallels with South Africa and Ireland and the effects of losing India. Also includes an extract from Hansard reporting the debate. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4947 - 4956.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (28 January), entitled "'Cut Its Dirty Throat' - Trade Disputes and...
Dates: 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers 235 - 259., 13 Jul 1924 - 07 Jul 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/96
Scope and Contents Includes papers by various individuals on various subjects, including: Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, Minister of Labour, on an enquiry into industrial relations in the United States; Sir William Joynson-Hicks [later 1st Lord Brentford], Home Secretary, on the influx of Soviet money and State companies into London; the report of the Legislation Committee on laws concerning trade unions, and trade unionism in the Civil Service; Sir Warren Fisher, Permanent Secretary to the Treasury, on trade...
Dates: 13 Jul 1924 - 07 Jul 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence., 19 Jun 1926 - 31 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister [earlier Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame, later 1st Lord Swinton, President of the Board of Trade] on the level of trade; Abe [Bailey]; Admiral Sir Roger Keyes (6) on subjects including his tax position, the naval officers' marriage allowance, and Admiralty matters; Stanley Baldwin [Prime Minister]; 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith, Secretary of State for India] (2) including one on Indian financial matters; Walter Runciman; Frederick Guest;...
Dates: 19 Jun 1926 - 31 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 February), for the debate on the address on the programme of Government legislation, the Trade Unions Bill, the situation in China and Britain's attitude to the Soviet Union. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4140 - 4148.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (11 April), on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund,...
Dates: 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence., 23 Jan 1929 - 03 Jun 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/101
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Leo Amery [Secretary of State for the Dominions] (2); Sir Thomas Davies MP on road relief; Sir Ernest Gowers [Chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue] on his health; Neville Chamberlain [Minister of Health] (3) on subjects including him giving an interview to John Bull magazine; Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (2); Herbert Spender-Clay MP; 1st Lord Hailsham [earlier Sir Douglas Hogg, Lord Chancellor]; Sir Austen Chamberlain...
Dates: 23 Jan 1929 - 03 Jun 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/78
Scope and Contents Print and partial typescript of WSC's speech (14 July, Lord Mayor's Banquet, Mansion House, London), entitled "War Debts" on the mysteries of finance, the need for a stable currency and economy, the settlement of France's debt and the whole principle of war debts, the effects of the coal dispute and Trade Union involvement in politics. Also includes a press cutting from the City Press reporting the banquet. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4038 - 4042.Typescript and speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 14 Jul 1926 - 26 Nov 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Series

Official: Treasury, 1924 - 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18
Scope and Contents The Treasury papers contain correspondence, minutes, tables, printed reports, and other papers which were created or accumulated as a result of WSC's activities as Chancellor of the Exchequer, a position held from November 1924 to June 1929. The papers have been divided into general correspondence, WSC's outgoing minutes, and subject-based files and are arranged chronologically.The Treasury material covers WSC's ministerial duties as Chancellor, including the annual production of the budget,...
Dates: 1924 - 1929
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 File

Official: Treasury: correspondence., 11 Jan 1926 - 16 Jul 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/27
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Walter Guinness [later 1st Lord Moyne, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries] (2) including one on agricultural policy; Sir Robert Burton-Chadwick [Parliamentary Secretary, Board of Trade]; Sir James Craig [later 1st Lord Craigavon, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland] and Hugh Pollock [First Minister of Finance for Ulster, Ireland] (2) on the Northern Irish unemployment fund; Air-Marshal Sir Hugh Trenchard [Chief of the Air Staff] on air force economies; Neville...
Dates: 11 Jan 1926 - 16 Jul 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches and articles, 1974-06 - 1975-02

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 7/1/53
Scope and Contents

Subjects include: a tribute to Desmond Donnelly; economic policy; the philosophy of Toryism; Britain's place in Europe; the [? Oct 1974] General Election; foreign policy; Cyprus; defence; Northern Ireland; the miners' strike.

Dates: 1974-06 - 1975-02
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and typescript., 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/72A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 May) on the silk duty in the Budget, and the sugar tax. Source material includes notes on artificial silk, including a quote from Samuel Courtauld, Chairman of Courtaulds Limited, and Philip Snowden [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] on tea duty. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3620 - 3631.Speech notes for WSC's statement (25 May) for the 2nd reading of the Finance Bill, on criticism of the Budget, particularly from Snowden, taxation, silk and death...
Dates: 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, press cuttings and source material., 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/88A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (21 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Midland Hotel, Manchester), entitled "Trade" on 20th century economic conditions, currency stability, rating reform, economic development, taxation and the cotton trade. Also includes a press cutting from the Manchester Guardian reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4541 - 4546.Speech notes for WSC's speech (6 February, Town Hall, Battersea, London), entitled "Battersea By-Election" on the Government's...
Dates: 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

General correspondence, 1980-10 - 1980-11

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEJ 2/1/103
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 2nd Lord Barnby [earlier Francis Vernon Willey]; Anthony Berry on JA's decision not to attend a Save Israel campaign meeting in his constituency; Keith Best; John Biggs-Davison, asking JA to become a patron of the Pan-Europe Club; 1st Lord Boyd of Merton [earlier Alan Lennox-Boyd]; Sir Paul Bryan, Chairman of the Unionist Club; Edward du Cann; John Carlisle; 6th Lord Carrington, Foreign Secretary, on the disputed claims of Iran and Iraq to the Iranian province of...
Dates: 1980-10 - 1980-11
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The majority of the papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge, though the constituency papers and some of the correspondence and political papers remain closed.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/203A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (15 December) on Poland entitled "Poland's future" including an extract from an earlier speech on decisions made at the Teheran [Persia, later Iran] conference and the need for agreement with the Soviet Union about the frontiers of Poland. Also includes correspondence and source material from: Guy Schofield, editor of the Evening News; Lord Alfred Douglas on the publication of correspondence between himself and WSC (3); Lady Daphne Straight; Bernard Griffin,...
Dates: 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Names
Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian) 13
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.