Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Papers of Admiral Sir Algernon U. Willis

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/WLLS

Scope and Contents

Includes material relating to Willis' naval career, including material relating to World War Two

Dates

  • 1905 - 1976

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holder and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Biographical / Historical

Willis was born in Hampstead, London, in 1889. He joined HMS Britannia as a naval cadet in 1904; subsequently serving on HMS Hindustan, Glory, Sprightly, Donegal, Good Hope and Vernon. He served during World War One on HMS Magnificent, Donegal, Fearless, Vernon, Saumarez and Wallace. Between 1918-19 he served in the Baltic in operations against the Bolsheviks. In 1920 he served on HMS Renown during the cruise of HRH the Prince of Wales to West Indies, Australia and New Zealand.

Between the wars he was promoted to Commander in 1921 and Captain in 1929 and served (successively) on HMS Vernon; at the Naval College, Greenwich; on HMS Coventry; the Tactical School at Portsmouth; on HMS Warwick; the Naval War College, Greenwich; on HMS Kent; on HMS Nelson; on HMS Vernon, the Torpedo School Portsmouth; and on HMS Barham.

In the period February 1939-April 1941 he was Chief of Staff to Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean (Admiral Sir Dudley Pound who was succeeded by Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham in June 1939). In 1940-1 he took part in various Fleet operations in the Mediterranean, including the Battle of Calabria in July 1940, and the attack on Italian Fleet at Taranto in October 1940.

In August 1941 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief South Atlantic with acting rank of Vice-Admiral and responsible for convoys passing through this area to Middle East and for operations against enemy submarines and ocean raiders. In February 1942 he transferred to HMS Resolution as Vice-Admiral Commanding 3rd Battle Squadron and Second in command Eastern Fleet under Admiral Sir James Somerville, Commander-in-Chief. This Fleet was formed after the loss of HMS Prince of Wales and Repulse during the fall of Singapore and was assigned the task of protecting British territory and sea communications in the Indian Ocean.

In March 1943 he hoisted Flag in HMS Nelson as Flag Officer commanding Force "H", the force of Battleships, Aircraft Carriers and Destroyers which covered North African Operations and afterwards the invasion of Sicily and Italy (Salerno). In October 1943 he became Commander-in-Chief Levant after the Armistice with Italy (which was signed aboard his Flagship HMS Nelson at Malta) when Force "H" dispersed. As Commander-in-Chief Levant he conducted the Dodecanese operations of Autumn 1943 and attended the Cairo Conference of that year. He returned to the UK in 1944 and became Second Sea Lord (Chief of Naval Personnel) on the Board of Admiralty and held the appointment till February 1946. He was Appointed Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean in 1946 and Commander-in-Chief Portsmouth in 1948.

He was promoted to Rear-Admiral in 1940; Vice Admiral in 1943; Admiral in 1945 and Admiral of the Fleet in 1949. He was created CB in 1940, KBE in 1945 and GCB in 1946. He died in April 1976.

Extent

13 archive box(es)

Language of Materials

English

Other Finding Aids

A copy of this finding aid is available for consultation at Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge and the National Register of Archives, London.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The papers were presented to Churchill Archives Centre in 1976 shortly after the death of Willis by Stephen Roskill (his literary executor)

General

This collection (fonds) level and catalogue was prepared by Andrew Riley of Churchill Archives Centre in June 2004, using information from the existing catalogue of the collection.

Originator(s)

Willis, Sir Algernon Usborne, 1889-1976, Knight, admiral

Date
2004-06-15 14:53:25+00:00
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

Contact:
Churchill Archives Centre
Churchill College
Cambridge Cambridgeshire CB3 0DS United Kingdom
+44 (0)1223 336087

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.