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The Papers of Sir John Martin

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/MART

Scope and Contents

The 2 boxes of material held at Churchill Archives Centre relate to Martin's service with Churchill. The papers shed light on Churchill's wartime travels and also include information about issues including the bombing raid on Coventry, Churchill's access to intelligence information obtained from the ULTRA decrypts, and the allegations made by Churchill's former medical doctor, Lord Moran.

Dates

  • 1939 - 1990

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.

One file within the collection is closed to researchers.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Biographical / Historical

John Miller Martin was born on 15 October 1904, son of Reverend John Martin. In 1943 he married Rosalind Julia Ross and they had one son. Martin was educated at the Edinburgh Academy, then Corpus Christie College, Oxford.

In 1927 Martin entered the Civil Service (Dominions Office) and was seconded to the Malayan Civil Service from 1931-1934. He became Secretary of the Palestine Royal Commission (chaired by Lord Peel) in 1936 and produced a report recommending that a solution be found for the disputes between the Arabs and the Jews by a partition of Palestine.

Martin was Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, from 1940-1945 (serving as Principal Private Secretary from 1941). As his Private Secretary, Martin travelled with Churchill on the significant journeys he made during the Second World War, to Washington, Cairo and Moscow. He was present at almost every summit meeting from the Atlantic Charter meeting in 1941 to Casablanca, Quebec, Teheran, Cairo and Yalta. From 1945-1956, Martin was Assistant Under-Secretary of State at the Colonial Office, becoming Deputy Under-Secretary of State in 1956 (to 1965). From 1965-1967 Martin was British High Commissioner in Malta. He died on 31 March 1991.

Extent

2 archive box(es) : paper

Language of Materials

English

Other Finding Aids

The collection has been catalogued. Mr Martin arranged and prepared a detailed listing of these papers (MART 3-MART 9) prior to their deposit at Churchill Archives Centre. David Martin's order and descriptive information has been preserved and researchers should use the detailed catalogue (available at Churchill Archives Centre) to locate items of interest before ordering the relevant file.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Files MART 3-MART 9 comprise material that was deposited at Churchill Archives Centre by Mr David Martin in 1992.

Related Materials

Martin also recorded an oral history interview, at GBR/0014/CHOH 1.

General

This collection level description was prepared by Natalie Adams in October 2001 using information from Who Was Who 1897-1996 (A and C Black) and Martin's obituary in the Daily Telegraph.

Originator(s)

Martin, John Miller, 1904-1991

Date
2001-10-09 12:30:38+00:00
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

Contact:
Churchill Archives Centre
Churchill College
Cambridge Cambridgeshire CB3 0DS United Kingdom
+44 (0)1223 336087

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.