The Papers of 1st Lord Fisher of Kilverstone
Scope and Contents
The collection has close connections with the career of Sir Winston Churchill and includes personal correspondence and official papers involving Sir Winston. There are numerous papers relating to the disastrous Dardanelles Campaign over which Fisher resigned as 1st Sea Lord. There are also fascinating papers illustrating advances in gunnery and torpedoes for which Fisher was largely responsible in the 1880s, and important material relating to his development after 1900 of a reformed system of officer selection and training and his involvement in the design of the Dreadnought class of battleship.
- 1696 - 1979
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Biographical / Historical
In 1866 Fisher married Frances Broughton (daughter of Reverend T Delves Broughton) with whom he had one son, Cecil, and three daughters (Beatrix, Dorothy and Pamela).
In 1882 Fisher served in the Egyptian War and commanded the Inflexible during the bombardment of Alexandria. From 1886-1891 he was Director of Naval Ordinance and was made a Rear-Admiral in 1890. He held a number of positions including: Admiral Superintendent at Portsmouth Dockyard (1891); Controller of the Royal Navy and Lord of the Admiralty (1892-1897); Commander-in-Chief on the North American and West Indies Station (1897-1899); delegate to the Peace Conference at the Hague (1899); Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Station (1899-1902); Second Sea Lord (1902-3); Commander-in-Chief at Portsmouth (1903-4); First Sea Lord (1904-1910 and 1914-1915); Member of the Committee of Imperial Defence and Chairman of the Royal Commission on Oil Fuel (1914-1915).
In 1918, his wife died. Fisher died on 10 July 1920.
119 archive box(es)
Other Finding Aids
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- 2002-05-27 15:19:27+00:00
- Language of description
- Script of description