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The Papers of Adeline, Lady Hankey

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AHKY

Scope and Contents

The collection of material held at Churchill Archives Centre provides a comprehensive picture of life in the Hankey family. The family correspondence in AHKY 1 illustrates the relationship between Adeline and her husband and provides detail of their life together and relationship with their children. Adeline's diaries (AHKY 2) mainly document the various journeys she made throughout her life, often accompanying Maurice. Scrapbooks and photographs (AHKY 3) provide a pictorial record.

The collection sheds light on the private life of Maurice Hankey, who was a pivotal public figure at the heart of decision-making at the highest level during both World Wars (and for an impressive amount of the twentieth century). It also documents the life of a woman during the twentieth century, providing insights into social history and domestic arrangements, as well as documenting the role of a wife and mother. Articles and speech notes (AHKY 5) show Lady Hankey's more public life and her conviction of the importance of good nutrition, especially during food shortages of the Second World War.

The collection also includes transcripts of original material (both from the papers of Lady Hankey and of her husband, 1st Baron Hankey) which were prepared by Lady Benn and supplemented by additional explanatory notes and recollections.


  • Creation: 1850 - 2021

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.

One item within the collection (AHKY 3/1/6) is currently closed for conservation reasons.

Conditions Governing Use

Researchers wishing to publish excerpts from the papers must obtain prior permission from the copyright holders and should seek advice from Archives Centre staff.

Biographical / Historical

Adeline de Smidt was born in South Africa in 1882, the daughter of Abraham de Smidt and Gertrude de Smidt (née Overbeek). The de Smidt family (originally from Antwerp and Middelburg) owned the estates of Groote Schuur (Great Barn) and Westbrook under Table Mountain.

The de Smidt family moved to England in 1890, settling at 1, Belgrave Place, Brighton then at 18, Chesham Place, Brighton (a house which is almost opposite the former Hankey family home at number 1). Adeline was educated at Brighton High School and then at Brighton Art School where she studied to become an art teacher.

Adeline met Maurice Hankey at Christmas in 1902 and they were married on 16 September the following year. They had a very strong and supportive relationship. On 4 July 1905, their first child Robert (Robin) was born. In 1907 the family moved to Malta, returning the following year to settle at the Corner House, Oxted, Surrey. On 5 February 1909 Ursula was born, then on 27 April 1911 Christopher. The family moved to Highstead, near Limpsfield, Surrey and on 1 September 1914 Henry was born. In 1916 a fifth child was still born.

Adeline supported her husband's career and accompanied Maurice to social engagements with prominent politicians and public figures. She also accompanied him to several of the peace conferences (to which he was Secretary) during and after the First World War, including the 1919 Paris Peace Conference and the 1922 Genoa Conference. Adeline was seriously ill in 1918 and did not fully regain her strength until 1931, when she was advised to follow a "Nature Cure" diet which restored her health. In 1934, Adeline and Maurice went on a "World Tour", visiting Australia, New Zealand and Canada so Maurice could inspect the empire's defences. In the late 1940's and 1950's they made several trips to Egypt as Maurice was a Director of the Suez Canal Company. Adeline nursed Maurice during his final illness until his death in 1963. She continued living at the family home at Highstead and died in 1979.


19 archive box(es)

Language of Materials



The papers have been arranged into four sections: family correspondence (original letters and transcripts); diaries; photograph albums and scrapbooks; a small section of other material; and speeches and articles. Prior to the collection's deposit at Churchill Archives Centre, Lady Benn had done a great deal of work on the collection and had arranged her mother's correspondence into chronological order, often adding explanatory notes. Her notes have been preserved in the files and divisions between files usually reflect the order imposed by Lady Benn.

Other Finding Aids

The collection has been catalogued. Paper copies of the catalogue are available for consultation in the Reading Room at Churchill Archives Centre and at the National Register of Archives in London.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was deposited at Churchill Archives Centre in March 2002 by Lady Benn, daughter of Adeline and Maurice Hankey. Additional items were deposited by Susan Compton, November and December 2003 (AHKY 4/7) and by Christina Wilton in June 2008.


The collection originally included a small amount of ephemeral material (Lady Hankey's packing lists and lists of Christmas presents). This was returned to the family as it was not judged worthy of permanent preservation with Lady Hankey's archives.

Related Materials

Churchill Archives Centre also holds the papers of 1st Lord Hankey (reference code GBR/0014/HNKY). There is considerable overlap between Lord Hankey's papers and those of his wife.


The official biography of Lord Hankey's life "Hankey: Man of Secrets" by Stephen Wentworth Roskill (3 volumes, Collins, London, 1970-1974) contains some transcriptions of original material. Reference copies are available at Churchill Archives Centre (classmark 920 HAN Ros).


This collection level description and catalogue was prepared by Natalie Adams of Churchill Archives Centre in February 2003. Biographical information about Lady Hankey was obtained from the papers themselves (especially Lady Benn's notes in AHKY 4/6) and from Stephen Roskill's "Hankey: Man of Secrets". The catalogue was updated by Natalie Adams, 13 April 2004, to incorporate corrections from Lady Benn. Updated by Natalie Adams, 5 June 2008, to incorporate new material. The catalogue was updated in September 2022 by Cherish Watton to incorporate new material given in 2021 (AHKY 4/9-13 and AHKY 1/1/57-58) and February 2022 (AHKY 4/6).


Hankey, Adeline, 1882-1979, nee de Smidt, wife of 1st Baron Hankey

2003-02-12 14:24:34+00:00
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

Churchill Archives Centre
Churchill College
Cambridge Cambridgeshire CB3 0DS United Kingdom
+44 (0)1223 336087