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Official: War and Air: correspondence, 22 Feb 1919 - 31 Mar 1919

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 16/5

Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: Deputy Chief of Imperial General Staff [Major-General Charles Harington]; Rear-Admiral Richard Webb [Assistant High Commissioner to Turkey]; David Lloyd George; General Sir Henry Wilson [Chief of Imperial General Staff] on matters discussed at the Paris [France] Peace Conference, including his assessment of figures such as [Georges] Clemenceau [Prime Minister of France] (11); Major-General Sir Hugh Trenchard offering to resign as Chief of Air Staff on health grounds (2); Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet]; Admiral Charles Beresford on Major-General Sir Charles Townshend (2); 1st Lord Haldane; Edward Shortt [Home Secretary]; 1st Lord Stamfordham [earlier Sir Arthur Bigge, Private Secretary to King George V] (2) on subjects including changes to army titles; General Sir John Cowans [Quartermaster-General to the Forces] (3) and his Private Secretary, Evelyn Fitz-Gerald, on subjects including Cowans' leaving office; Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig [Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France and Flanders] (5) on subjects including peerages for senior commanders; Sir Robert Horne [later 1st Lord Horne of Slamannan, Minister of Labour]; Sir James Stevenson [Surveyor-General of Supply] on creating a Ministry of Defence; William Sutherland [Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister]; General Sir William Robertson [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief the Forces in Great Britain] (2); General Sidney Clive [Military Governor at Cologne, Germany]; General Sir Henry Rawlinson; Major-General John Seely [later 1st Lord Mottistone, Under-Secretary of State for Air]; General Anton Denikin; General Sir Julian Byng; 1st Lord Curzon [Lord President of Council] (2) on subjects including Egyptian affairs; Sir Reginald Brade [Secretary, War Office], Sir Thomas Holderness [Permanent Under-Secretary of State, India Office] (2), and Edwin Montagu [Secretary of State for India] on subjects including the secretarial methods of the government of India; 17th Lord Derby [British Ambassador to France] (3) and 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] on territorial forces; Lieutenant-General Sir George Harper; J A Spender, [Editor] of the Westminster Gazette, on an article in the paper (cutting included); Lieutenant-General Sir Francis Davies [Military Secretary War Office]; General Sir Henry Horne (2); Albert Stanley MP [later 1st Lord Ashfield] on mobilising chemists; 1st Lord Inverforth [earlier Andrew Weir, Minister of Munitions]; Lieutenant-General Sir William Marshall [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Mesopotamia (later Iraq) Expeditionary Force]; Lieutenant-General Sir Archibald Murray; General Sir Ian Hamilton.Also includes: copy letters and telegrams from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Sir Joseph Maclay [Minister of Shipping], Frederick Guest, Lieutenant-General Jan Smuts [South African Minister of Defence], General Louis Botha [Premier of South Africa], 4th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne], General Sir Herbert Plumer, "General Spiers" [Brigadier-General Edward Spears, Head of the British Military Mission to Paris], Major-General Sir John Brabazon, King George V, Walter Long [First Lord of the Admiralty], Sir Auckland Geddes [Minister of National Service and Reconstruction], General John Pershing [Commander-in-Chief of American Expeditionary Forces], 1st Lord Weir, Lord Chancellor [1st Lord Birkenhead, earlier F E Smith], Marshal Ferdinand Foch, and [1st] Lord Curzon [Lord President of the Council] on the funding, management and location of the Codes and Ciphers organisation.Subjects covered by the file include: matters concerning demobilisation; tensions with France over the occupation of Turkey; British policy in Russia and the Caucasus, and reported Bolshevik atrocities; needing to keep Wilson in Paris; matters discussed in Paris on the terms for peace in Europe; changes in the army high command and other appointments; pay for Cape Coloured [South African] contingents; army and air force estimates; supplies for Germany; arranging transport for troops; publishing the Cecil Harmsworth report; honouring United States commanders; defending the Slough [Berkshire] project; court martials; British NCOs serving with Indian battalions.


  • Creation: 22 Feb 1919 - 31 Mar 1919

Conditions Governing Access



2 file(s) (1 bound file and 1 folder (183 folios))

Language of Materials


External Documents

Existence and Location of Copies

Folio 71: Copyright holder (Rawlinson) has withheld permission for online publication. Available at Churchill Archives Centre.


  • Army (Organization)

Repository Details

Part of the Churchill Archives Centre Repository

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