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Historical paintings of the Hudson's Bay Company

Reference Code: GBR/0115/RCS/RCMS 345

Scope and Contents

A commemorative set of fourteen full colour reproductions of Hudson's Bay Company calendar paintings printed by Bulman Brothers Limited, Winnipeg, for the Company's tercentenary in 1970. The original paintings, which depict events and persons associated with the Company's history, were commissioned by the Company and painted by well-known Canadian and British artists. At the front of the portfolio is a printed description of each of the paintings. The description and captions are given in both English and French. In the inside lid of the portfolio is a reproduction of the first page of the Company's charter.


  • Creation: 1970


Conditions Governing Access

Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (

Biographical / Historical

The Hudson's Bay Company was founded by a Royal Charter in 1670, which granted a group of investors a monopoly on trade in the Hudson Bay region of North America, known as Rubert's Land. The early years of the Company witnessed fighting between the British and French over control of the region. This conflict was settled by the Peace of Utrecht, 1713-1714, although rivalry continued between the British and French traders from Montreal and Quebec. After the transfer of Canada from France to England in 1763, the Company faced a new challenge from Montreal fur traders, who formed the North West Company. After years of a bitter rivalry, the companies merged in 1821, and the Hudson's Bay Company went on to expand its influence throughout Canada and in the United States. In 1869 the Company surrendered its ownership of the Rubert's Land territory to the Dominion of Canada in return for a payment and agricultural land, which it gradually sold to settlers. In succeeding years the Company shifted its focus to the retail trade, developing department stores in western Canada before expanding into the east in the second half of the twentieth century. During the 1980s the Company divested itself of its interests in the fur trade and peripheral concerns and concentrated fully on retailing.


1 item(s) (1 portfolio) : paper

Language of Materials



Immediate Source of Acquisition

The provenance of the collection is unknown.


This collection level description was created by RAS.


Hudson's Bay Company

Includes index.
2004-06-16 14:54:33+00:00
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

Cambridge University Library
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Cambridge CB3 9DR United Kingdom