Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Papers on Neptune and the minor planets, 1834 - 1884

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0180/RGO 6/96a

Scope and Contents

Correspondence of G.B. Airy (including many copy letters) and related papers concerning planets, including circulars, ephemerides, observations, announcements of discoveries, discussion of names and requests for information. The papers are in English unless otherwise indicated. They are divided into seven sections, comprised of the following items:

Fo. 1r: List of contents.

Fo. 2: Blank.

Fo. 3r: Short note regarding the binding of the papers.

Section 1: Papers relating to the discovery, observations and elements of Astræa

Fo. 4r: Title page.

Fo. 5: J. Encke to G.B. Airy, 15 December 1845, in German.

Fos 6-7: J. Encke to G.B. Airy, 15 December 1845, an English translation of the preceding letter.

Fo. 8: J. Encke to G.B. Airy, 15 December 1845, an incomplete copy of the preceding letter.

Fo. 9: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 16 December 1845.

Fo. 10: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 19 December 1845.

Fo. 11: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 20 December 1845.

Fos 12, 13r, 14r: 'Supposed New Planet...the substance of communication from Professor Encke dated 1845 Dec. 15', 3 copies. The note is dated at the Royal Observatory, 23 December 1845.

Fo. 15r: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 23 December 1845.

Fo. 16: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 24 December 1845, enclosing a table of observations.

Fo. 17r: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 25 December 1845.

Fo. 18r: H. Lawson to G.B. Airy, undated.

Fo. 19: 'Nachrichten über den neuen Planeten', a printed German circular by H.C. Schumacher, 25 December 1845, with a covering note added by him at the end, dated 26 December 1845.

Fo. 20r: E. Cooper to G.B. Airy, 25 December 1845.

Fo. 21r: R. Main to J.R. Hind, 25 December 1845.

Fo. 22r: J.R Challis to G.B. Airy, 26 December 1845.

Fos 23-24: W.R. Hamilton to G.B. Airy, 27 December 1845.

Fo. 25r: H.C. Schumacher to the Editor of 'The Times', 27 December 1845.

Fo. 26: W.H. Smyth to G.B. Airy, 29 December 1845.

Fos 27-28: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 30 December 1845, enclosing elements of Astræa for 29 December 1845 - 16 January 1846.

Fo. 29: Note by J. Encke, 30 December 1845, in German.

Fo. 30: Printed elements of Astræa by J.R. Hind for 18 January - 15 February 1846, sent to the Revd R. Main, 1846. Another copy is on fo. 55.

Fo. 31: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 2 January 1846.

Fo. 32r: G.B. Airy to H.C. Schumacher, 3 January 1846.

Fo. 33r: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 3 January 1846.

Fos 34-36: Printed circular by H.C. Schumacher, 8 January 1846, in German, sent to G.B. Airy, including a note in English added by Schumacher.

Fos 37, 38r: W.R. Hamilton to G.B. Airy, 9 January 1846, enclosing approximate ephemeris of Astræa for part of January 1846.

Fo. 39r: W.H. Smyth to G.B. Airy, 11 January 1846.

Fo. 40r: G.B. Airy to J.R. Hind, 13 January 1846.

Fos 41-42: T. Chevallier to G.B. Airy, 13 January 1845 (sic).

Fos 43r, 44r: R. Main to J.R. Hind, 14 January 1846.

Fo. 45r: R. Main to R. Sheepshanks, 14 January 1846.

Fos 46-47: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 15 January 1846.

Fos 48, 49r: R. Sheepshanks to G.B. Airy, 15 January 1846, enclosing observations.

Fo. 50: Extract of letter from J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 15 January 1846, followed by a copy of a short letter from Airy to T. Chevallier, 17 January 1846.

Fo. 51r: 'Observation of Astræa by Mr Glaisher Jany 20'.

Fos 52, 53r: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 19 January 1846, enclosing ephemeris of Astræa, 18 January - 15 February 1846.

Fo. 54r: G.B. Airy to H.C. Schumacher, 27 January 1846.

Fo. 55: Printed elements of Astræa by J.R. Hind for 18 January - 15 February 1846, sent to G.B. Airy, 1846. Another copy is on fo. 30.

Fo. 56r: Printed chart of the path of Astræa for 1846, published 28 January 1846.

Fos 57-58: E. Cooper to G.B. Airy, 31 January 1846, enclosing ephemeris of Astræa for February 1846.

Fo. 59r: G. Santini to G.B. Airy, 2 February 1846.

Fo. 60r: E. Cooper to G.B. Airy, 7 February 1846.

Fos 61, 62r: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 10 February 1846.

Fo. 63r: R. Sheepshanks to G.B. Airy, 12 February 1846.

Fo. 64r: 'Right Ascensions and North Polar Distances of Astræa, observed at the Royal Observatory Greenwich' - observations of 30 December 1845 and 1 January 1846.

Fo. 65r: 'Meridian Observations of Astræa at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. 1846'.

Fo. 66r: G.B. Airy to H.C. Schumacher, 16 February 1846.

Fo. 67: Printed map to illustrate the path of Astræa as seen in an inverting telescope, 1846, sent to G.B. Airy, February 1846.

Fos 68, 69r: Charles Henry Adams to G.B. Airy, 1 April 1846.

Fo. 70: R. Main to C.H. Adams, 3 April 1846.

Fo. 71r: R. Main to J.R. Hind, 4 November 1846.

Fo. 72: J.R. Hind to R. Main, 5 November 1846.

Fo. 73: J.R. Hind to G.B. Airy, 1 December 1846.

Fo. 74r: C. Rümker to G.B. Airy, 27 November 1846.

Fo. 75r: Observations of Astræa for 12 and 22 February 1847, sent by J. Lee to G.B. Airy.

Fo. 76r: G.B. Airy to C. Rümker, 3 May 1847.

Fos 77-82: C. Rümker to Airy, 11 May 1847, enclosing observations of Astræa for 7, 9 and 10 May 1847.

Fo. 83: C. Rümker to Airy, 14 May 1847.

Fo. 84: C. Rümker to J. Lee, undated.

Fo. 85r: Observations of Astræa for 15, 16 and 21 May, sent by C. Rümker to G.B. Airy, 24 May 1847.

Fo. 86r: Printed table of ephemeris of Astræa, June 1847.

Fo. 87: Blank.

Section 2: Papers relating to the discovery, observations and elements of Neptune

Fos 88-89: T.J. Hussey to G.B. Airy, 17 November 1834.

Fos 90-91: G.B. Airy to T.J. Hussey, 23 November 1834, regarding irregularities of Uranus.

Fos 92-93: Eugène Bouvard to G.B. Airy, 6 October 1837, in French.

Fos 94r, 95r, 96r, 97r: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 12 October 1837.

Fo. 98r: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 14 May 1838.

Fo. 99r: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 3 June 1839, seeking favour for Mr Main.

Fos 100, 101r: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 13 February 1844.

Fos 102r, 103r: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 15 February 1844.

Fo. 104r: J. Challis to Airy, 16 February 1844, thanking him for sending a series of tabular errors.

Fos 105-106: E. Bouvard to Airy, 21 May 1844, in French.

Fo. 107: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 23 May 1844, presenting the particulars relating to Uranus.

Fos 108-109: E. Bouvard to G.B. Airy, 27 May 1844, in French.

Fo. 110r: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 19 June 1844.

Fo. 111: E. Bouvard to G.B. Airy, 24 June 1844, in French.

Fo. 112: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 27 June 1844.

Fo. 113: E. Bouvard to G.B. Airy, 1 July 1844, in French.

Fos 114r, 115r: G.B. Airy to E. Bouvard, 3 August 1844.

Fo. 116: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 22 September 1845.

Fos 117r, 118r: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 29 September 1845, regarding Mr Adams (2 copies).

Fo. 119r: Note regarding a letter from G.B. Airy to D.F.J. Arago of 29 September 1845.

Fo. 120: Table of observations for 1833-1836.

Fos 121, 122r: Letter from J.C. Adams, October 1845.

Fos 123, 124r: Undated table of observations of Uranus, 1781-1830, with a note by Airy dated March 1849.

Fo. 125: G.B. Airy to J.C. Adams, 5 November 1845, regarding the paper of results that he left.

Fo. 126: G.B. Airy to U. Le Verrier, 26 June 1846.

Fos 127-129: U. Le Verrier to G.B. Airy, 28 June 1846, in French.

Fo. 130: Extract from the preceding letter.

Fos 131, 132r: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 9 July 1846.

Fos 133r, 134, 135: G.B. Airy to Challis, 13 July 1846, enclosing his 'Suggestions for the Examination of a portion of the Heavens'.

Fos 136-137: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 18 July 1846.

Fo. 138: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 21 July 1846.

Fos 139-141: J. Challis to R. Main, 7 August 1846.

Fo. 142r: Incomplete copy of a letter from J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 2 September 1846.

Fos 143-145: J.C. Adams to G.B. Airy, 2 September 1846.

Fo. 146r: R. Main to J.C. Adams, 5 September 1846, regarding the absence of the Astronomer Royal.

Fo. 147: J.C. Adams to R. Main, 7 September 1846.

Fo. 148r: Table of heliocentric errors of Uranus for 1844.

Fo. 149r: R. Main to J.C. Adams, 7 September 1846, enclosing heliocentric errors of Uranus for 1845.

Fo. 150: J. Encke to G.B. Airy, 25 September 1846, in German, regarding Le Verrier's planet.

Fos 151r, 152r: Translation of the preceding letter.

Fos 153-154: Printed circular by J. Encke, 26 September 1846, sent to G.B. Airy, October 1846.

Fo. 155r: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 30 September 1846.

Fo. 156r: J.R. Hind to R. Main, 30 September 1846.

Fo. 157r: List of names, containing mainly staff and astronomers, undated.

Fo. 158r: Short note giving observation results for 30 September [1846].

Fo. 159r. R. Main to J. Challis, 1 October 1846.

Fo. 160: U. Le Verrier to G.B. Airy, 1 October 1846, in French.

Fo. 161: E. Cooper to R. Main, 3 October 1846.

Fo. 162: 'The Athenaeum', Vol. 988, 3 October 1846, pp. 1019-1020, including a letter from J.F.W. Herschel, 1 October 1846, on Le Verrier's planet.

Fo. 163r: Short note by R. Main regarding a letter signed with Glaisher's name.

Fo. 164: Cutting from the 'Cambridge Chronicle', 3 October 1846, comprised of letters from J. Challis and J. Glaisher concerning the 'Discovery of a new planet beyond Uranus'.

Fo. 165r: Short note regarding the position of the next item among the papers.

Fos 166-171: Pages on astronomy from 'Dalla Gazz. Piem', 1846, featuring J. Encke, H.C. Schumacher and G. Plana.

Fo. 172: Blank.

Fos 173r, 174r: C.H. Adams to G.B. Airy, 10 October 1846, regarding the planet Astræa.

Fo. 175r: Poster advertising lectures by C.H. Adams in October 1846 concerning astronomy and other topics.

Fos 176-177: W. Lassell to G.B. Airy, 10 October 1846.

Fos 178-180: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 12 October 1846, regarding the Berlin observations Airy had sent him.

Fo. 181r: G.B. Airy to W. Lassell, 13 October 1846.

Fo. 182r: J. Hartnup to R. Main, 14 October 1846.

Fos 183r, 184r: J. Lee to G.B. Airy, 14 October 1846, enclosing observations of the new planet made at Hamburg, 28 September - 8 October 1846.

Fos 185-186: G.B. Airy to J.F.W. Herschel, 13 October 1846.

Fos 187-188: J.F.W. Herschel to G.B. Airy, 14 October 1846.

Fos 189, 190r: G.B. Airy to U. Le Verrier, 14 October 1846.

Fos 191, 192r: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 14 October 1846.

Fos 193-194: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 16 October 1846.

Fo. 195: G.B. Airy to the Revd W. Adams, 14 October 1846.

Fos 196-198r: J.C. Adams to G.B. Airy, 15 October 1846.

Fos 199-200: U. Le Verrier to G.B. Airy, 16 October 1846, in French.

Fos 201r, 202r, 203r, 204r: Translation of the preceding letter.

Fos 205-206: G.B. Airy to U. Le Verrier, 19 October 1846.

Fo. 207r: G.B. Airy to H.C. Schumacher, 19 October 1846.

Fo. 208: U. Le Verrier to G.B. Airy, 19 October 1846, in French.

Fos 209-210: G.B. Airy to U. Le Verrier, 21 October 1846.

Fo. 211: 'The Athenaeum', No. 990, 17 October 1846, pp. 1069-1070, including a letter by J. Challis on the new planet and a humorous piece with the title 'Astronomical Police Report'.

Fo. 212: Cutting from the 'Cambridge Advertiser', 21 October 1846, containing a letter from J. Challis regarding the new planet.

Fos 213, 214r: G.B. Airy to T.J. Hussey, 23 October 1846.

Fos 215, 216r: T.J. Hussey to G.B. Airy, an undated reply to the preceding letter.

Fo. 217: Note by J.F.W. Herschel, 23 October 1846.

Fo. 218: Cutting from 'Le National' (a Paris weekly), 21 October 1846, including letters on 'Le Vol a la Planète'.

Fo. 219: D.F.J. Arago to G.B. Airy, 23 October 1846, in French.

Fos 220-221: U. Le Verrier to G.B. Airy, 23 October 1846, in French.

Fo. 222r: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 24 October 1846.

Fos 223-224: G.B. Airy to D.F.J. Arago, 26 October 1846.

Fos 225-226: G.B. Airy to U. Le Verrier, 26 October 1846.

Fos 227-228: G.B. Airy to the Editor of 'The Athenaeum', 26 October 1846.

Fo. 229r: G.B. Airy to C.H. Adams, 30 October 1846.

Fo. 230r: G.B Airy to J.F.W. Herschel, 30 October 1846, regarding Airy's paper on the new planet.

Fo. 231: Cutting from 'The Guardian', 28 October 1846, including a letter from J.F.W. Herschel on Le Verrier's planet.

Fo. 232r: G.B. Airy to J.F.W. Herschel, 30 October 1846.

Fo. 233: 'The Athenaeum', No. 992, 31 October 1846, pp. 1117-1118, including an editorial on 'The New Planet and the French Astronomers'.

Fo. 234: U. Le Verrier to G.B. Airy, 29 October 1846, in French.

Fo. 235r: G.B. Airy to W.H. Smyth, 2 November 1846.

Fo. 236r: G.B. Airy to A. de Morgan, 2 November 1846.

Fo. 237r: G.B. Airy to A. de Morgan, 2 November 1846.

Fo. 238: J.F.W. Herschel to G.B. Airy, 2 November 1846.

Fo. 239r: W.H. Smyth to G.B. Airy, 3 November 1846.

Fo. 240r: G.B. Airy to W.H. Smyth, 3 November 1846, regarding the near completion of Airy's 'History of the New Planet'.

Fos 241, 242r: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 3 November 1846.

Fo. 243: Undated cutting from 'The Guardian', early November 1846, including a letter from J. Challis of 30 October 1846, regarding 'M. Le Verrier's Planet', and a report on the meeting of the Paris Academy of Sciences on 19 October 1846.

Fos 244-245: G.B. Airy to J. Challis, 5 November 1846.

Fo. 246r: G.B. Airy to [ ] Miller, 6 November 1846.

Fo. 247r: Table showing the 'Inverted view of the relative position of the new Planet, and neighbouring Catalogued stars on Nov. 4 1846'. Another copy is on fo. 252r.

Fos 248-249: J. Challis to G.B. Airy, 6 November 1846.

Fo. 250: Transcript of a letter on the new planet, sent to the 'The Guardian' by U. Le Verrier, 16 October 1846.

Fo. 251: Undated newscutting containing a letter from J.F.W. Herschel to the Editor of 'The Guardian', 25 October 1846, regarding 'M. Le Verrier's Planet'.

Fo. 252r: Table showing the 'Inverted view of the relative position of the new Planet, and neighbouring Catalogued stars on Nov. 4 1846'. Another copy is on fo. 247r.

Fo. 253r: G.B. Airy to J.W. Lubbock, 10 November 1846.

Fo. 254: J.W. Lubbock to G.B. Airy, 9 November 1846.

Fo. 255r: G.B. Airy to Capt. W. [ ], 10 November 1846.

Fos 256-257: W.R. Hamilton to G.B. Airy, 10 November 1846.

Fos 258-259: R. Sheepshanks to G.B. Airy, 10 November 1846.

Fo. 260r: G.B. Airy to R. Sheepshanks, 11 November 1846, regarding Airy's 'History of the New Planet'.

Fo. 261r: J.W. Lubbock to G.B. Airy, 11 November 1846.

Fo. 262: W. [ ] to Airy, 11 November 1846.

Fo. 263r: S.M. Drach to G.B. Airy, 13 November, 1846.

Fo. 264r: G.B. Airy to S.M. Drach, 16 November 1846.

Fo. 265r: J. Lee to G.B. Airy, 18 November 1846, enclosing the following two tables of observations.

Fo. 266r: Table of observations of the new planet made at Hamburg, 28 September - 5 October 1846.

Fo. 267r: Table of observations of the Trans-Uranian Planet made at the Hamburg Observatory, 11 October - 10 November 1846.

Fos 268-270: J.C. Adams to G.B. Airy, 18 November 1846.

Fo. 271: G.B. Airy to W.R. Hamilton, 19 November 1846.

Fo. 272: G.B. Airy to J.C. Adams, 20 November 1846.

Fos 273-274: W. Lassell to G.B. Airy, 20 November 1846.

Fos 275r, 276r: T.J. Hussey to G.B. Airy, 22 November 1846.

Fo. 277: G.B. Airy to T.J. Hussey, 23 November 1846.

Fo. 278r: G.B. Airy to W. Lassell, 23 November 1846.

Fo. 279: G.B. Airy to R. Sheepshanks, 23 November 1846.

Fo. 280: Elizabeth Willesford Dewindt Borrow to G.B. Airy, 26 November 1846, regarding Airy's report at the meeting of the Astronomical Society.

Fos 281, 282r: 'Observations on the new planet...by Mrs Borrow', printed, dated 18 November 1846.

Fo. 283: C. Rümker to G.B. Airy, 27 November 1846.

Fos 284, 285r: E.W.D. Borrow to G.B. Airy, 3 December 1846.

Fos 286-287: A. Sedgwick to G.B. Airy, Cambridge, 3 December 1846.

Fos 288-289: G.B. Airy to A. Sedgwick, 4 December 1846.

Fos 290, 291r: G.B. Airy to A. Sedgwick, 4 December 1846.

Fos 292r, 293r: T.J. Hussey to G.B. Airy, 'Saturday night'.

Fo. 294: H.C. Schumacher to G.B. Airy, 4 December 1846.

Fo. 295r: W.H. Smyth to G.B. Airy, 5 December 1846, regarding the proposed change in the nomenclature of the planets.

Fos 296-298: A. Sedgwick to Mrs Airy, 6 December 1846.

Fos 299, 300r: G.B. Airy to A. Sedgwick, 8 December 1846.

Fos 301-30

































































































































































































































































































































































































































Dates

  • 1834 - 1884

Conditions Governing Access

The volume is currently undergoing conservation work and is unavailable to readers, although a microfilm copy may be consulted.

Extent

1 volume(s) (1 volume)

Language of Materials

English

French

German

Italian

Former / Other Reference

L1/26

Existence and Location of Copies

A microfilm copy of the volume (MS.Microfilm.11423) is available to readers, from which paper prints may be taken. The microfilm is also available for purchase - for more information see http://www.lib.cam.ac.uk/deptserv/imagingservices/.

Copies of some of the letters in the volume can be found in the McAlister collection, St John's College, Cambridge.

Finding aid date

2006-01-03 12:18:55+00:00

Includes index.

Creator

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

Contact:
Cambridge University Library
West Road
Cambridge CB3 9DR United Kingdom


The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.