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Great auk, 1845-1907

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.9839/2

Scope and Contents

[1-5] Notebooks ['Garefowl books', begun by John Wolley but after his death taken over by AN, extensively annotated by him and continued in later notebooks.] [1] 'This book commenced in Reykiavik 30th April 1858 by me, John Wolley junr. – intended for notes on Alca impennis'. [To 21 JUN 1858]. [2] 'Begun in Iceland 22 June 1858 finished 13 July 1858'. [3] 'Begun at Kyrkjuvogr, 13 July 1858'. Continued by AN to 1884. Many letters copied in by AN; also: HUGH REID (Doncaster, taxidermist). Letter to H.B. Tristram (1856) VALENTINE BALL (1843-95) (geologist, professor, writer). Letters (1894) EDWARD BIDWELL (Twickenham). Letter to Edward Newton (1894) 7TH VISCOUNT GALWAY (1844-1931). Letters (1884) [4] 1884-1902. Many letters copied in by AN; also: SYMINGTON GRIEVE(1837- ) (merchant, Edinburgh; author, The Great Auk, or Garefowl. Its history, archaeology, and remains, 1885). Letters (1885) 4TH BARON LILFORD (1833-96) (ornithologist; author, Coloured figures of the birds of the British islands, 1885-87). Letter (1894) CECIL HENRY RUSSELL (1833-1910). Letters (1887-88) JOHN ALEXANDER HARVIE BROWNE (1844-1916) (ornithologist, writer). Letter (1889) [5] 1903-05. [6-33] AN, transcripts about great auk, drafts of articles, copies of letters, clipped together according to former clips or ties. [33] is a miscellany of various short notes. [34] AN, beginning of MS journal of visit to Iceland with John Wolley, 1858. [35] AN, sketch-diagram of Icelandic islands and rocks, on back of an admission ticket[?] dated Reykjavik, 19 JUL 1858. [36] AN, pencil sketches of Icelandic rocks and islands, 23 JUL 1858 [37] AN, draft of article on great auk beginning 'Some twenty years ago', n.d. [38-40] JOHN WOLLEY, draft article and notes on great auk, one sheet watermarked 1845. [41] EN, interview with W. Stobb, about great bustard and great auk, Torbay, 1853. [42-45] Notes from letters to AN. [46] SYMINGTON GRIEVE. Letter (1885) [47] ROBERT CHAMPLEY (Scarborough, owner of great auk eggs). Letter (1859) [48-56] AN, lists of skins and eggs of great auk, locations, remarks, owners. [57-58] E. Bidwell, printed List showing present owners of eggs of the Great Auk, FEB 1890 and updated version, APR 1892. [59-71] MS notes, reports, etc. about great auk, 1858-1907. [72-75] Notes for AN's Ootheca Wolleyana, c.1860. [76-85] Various notes on great auk, 1856-1903. [86] Display label for specimen of great auk formerly owned by Sir William Milner, sent by William Eagle Clarke, 8 MAY 1895. [87] Catalogue of J.C. Stevens's sale of birds' eggs including a great auk egg, 38 King Street, 19 JUL 1899. [88] Display label of great auk mummy from Funk Island, in Zoology Museum, Cambridge, 14 AUG 1906. [89] AN, sketch-map of Farne Islands, from E.J. Johnson, Chart of the coasts of Northumberland and Durham (London, 1819), dated 'Bamborough, June 23d 1856'. [90-91] AN, tracings of maps of parts of Newfoundland in Pierre Charlevoix, Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France (Paris, 1744) (see also [270] below). [92] 'Field meeting at Boyles Court, South Weald, Warley, & Brentwood … August 19th, 1893'. [93-106] Newscuttings, etc.: 'Leamington Philosophical Society. Extinction of animals', Royal Leamington Chronicle, 20 FEB 1869; John Milne, 'Relics of the great auk on Funk Island', The Field, 27 MAR, 3,10 APR 1875; W. Reid, letter 'The great auk in Orkney', The Field, 8 MAY 1875; W.G. Spence Paterson, 'The new volcanic island off Iceland', Nature, 13 NOV 1884; AN, 'The ''new'' volcanic island off Iceland', Nature, 18 DEC 1884; AN, review of Symington Grieve, The Great Auk (London, 1885), in Nature, 8 OCT 1885; 'The great auk', The Saturday Review, 6 FEB 1886; 'W.B. Tegetmeier, 'Sale of an egg of the great auk', The Field, 17 MAR 1888; 'Feathered forms of other days', pp. 363-365 in an unnamed work; note on sale of great auk egg and skin, The Standard, 24 MAR 1905; sheet of proofs, corrected, 12 DEC 1906. [107] Prospectus for Ainsworth Davis, The natural history of animals (London, 1903). [108] AN, copy of paper enclosed in H.W. Fielden's letter, 26 JUN 1873, statement by Jacob Müller of Porkere about a great auk-like bird shot in 1870; printed in Zoologist, JUN 1878. [109-110] J. Reinhardt, 'Om Gejerfuglens foreforst paa Island', Naturhistorisk Tidskrift, 1839, pp.533-5, with AN's translation 'On the gairfowl's occurrence in Iceland'. [111] Fimta Utgafa, Lög hins Islenzka Bokmentafelags (Kaupmannhöfn, 1856), inscribed 'Alfred Newton, Reykjavik, June 24th 1858'. [112] Pencil drawing of markings on Theodor Löbbecke's great auk egg, sent by W. Blasius, 1884. [113-116] Pencil drawings of [?]great auk bones; lithograph of auk bones illustrating Symington Grieve's article in Linnaean Society Journal of Zoology, Vol. XVI Part 9. [117-120] British Museum book ordering slips. [121] MS copy of Miss Plessner's translation of Japetus Steenstrup, A contribution to the natural history of the great-auk …and especially to the knowledge of its earlier range of extension, made originally for G. D. Rowley. [122-247] PHOTOGRAPHS (references are to Errol Fuller, The great auk (Southborough, 1999). [122-148] Stuffed specimens: [122] Cambridge auk (Fuller, pp. 127-8). [123-124] Bullock's Papa Westray auk (now Natural History Museum, Tring) (Fuller, pp.141-2). [125-126] Durham auk (now Glasgow University) (Fuller, pp. 132-3). [127] Floors Castle auk (now Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn) (Fuller, pp. 179-181). [128] Foljambe auk (Osberton Hall, Worksop) (Fuller, pp. 150-2). [129] Lord Lilford's auk (now Natural History Museum, Tring) (Fuller, pp. 149-50). [130-131] Tunstall's immature auk, Newcastle (Fuller, pp. 134-5). [132-136] Norwich Castle Museum auk (Fuller, pp. 138-9). [137] Pisa auk (Università di Pisa) (Fuller, p. 203). [138] Poltalloch auk (now National Museum of Wales, Cardiff) (Fuller, pp. 128-130). [139-140] Dawson Rowley's two auks (now Cincinnati Museum of Natural History, and Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History) (Fuller, pp. 224-9). [141-142] Yorkshire Museum, York: Freddy Bell's auk; Arthur Strickland's auk (Fuller, pp.152-3). [143] Clungunford auk (now Birmingham Museum) (Fuller, pp.125-7). [144-146] Irish auk (Trinity College Dublin) (Fuller, pp. 142-144). [145] Proctor / Gurney fictitious auk. [148] George Nelson's model auk, 1905. [149-161] Skeletons, mummies, bones [149-152] Skeletons at Museum of Comparative Anatomy, Harvard (Fuller, pp. 342-4). [153] Skeleton, Royal College of Surgeons. [154] Funk Island mummy, presented to AN by Bishop of Newfoundland, 1863, later dissected by Richard Owen (Fuller, pp. 344-5). [155-156] Mummy at Harvard. [157] Bones found in Iceland in 1858 by John Wolley and AN. [158-161] Bones, unspecified. [162-165] Locations: kitchen midden, Oronsay; 'Sphinx rock' by Sheep Island, Tramore, Co. Waterford; Burke's Island, Tramore, Co. Waterford. [166-244] Eggs [166-168] Mrs. Wise's egg (Fuller, pp.248-9). [169-171] Wolley's egg (Fuller, pp.249-51). [172-178] Bree's egg (Fuller, pp.251-3). [179-182] Newton's egg (Fuller, pp.253-6). [183-193] Mr. Small's £100 and 102 guinea eggs (Fuller, pp.256-8). [194-196] Frank's Lausanne egg (Fuller, pp.259-61). [197-198] Pimperne egg (Fuller, pp.261-2). [199] Dufresne's spotted egg (Fuller, pp.267-8). [200-201] Royal College of Surgeons No. 1 (Alfred Newton's Hunterian egg) (Fuller, pp. 268-9). [202-203] Royal College of Surgeons No. 2 (Dr. Dick's egg) (Fuller, pp.269-70). [122-247] PHOTOGRAPHS (cont.) [204-205] Bourman Labrey's egg (Fuller, p.274). [206] Yarrell's egg (Fuller, pp.275-8). [207] Roderick Stirling's egg (Fuller, pp.278-80). [208] Earl of Derby's egg (Fuller, pp.281-3). [209-211] Barclay's egg (Fuller, pp.285-6). [212] Oxford Museum egg (Fuller, p.286). [213] The Scarborough egg (Fuller, pp.286-7) [214-217] Royal College of Surgeons No. 5 (Parkin's egg) (Fuller, pp.287-9). [218-219] Spallanzani's egg (Fuller, pp.291-2). [220-221] Walter Rothschild's egg (Fuller, pp.293-4). [222-223] Tristram's egg (Fuller, pp.294-5). [224-225] Royal College of Surgeons No.6 (Lord Lilford's egg) (Fuller, p.295) [226] The Tomkinson egg (Fuller, pp.296-7). [227] Blotched and streaked Versailles eggs (Fuller, pp.300-1). [228] Alexander Koenig's egg (Fuller, pp.302-3). [229] Clungunford egg (Fuller, p.305). [230] Royal College of Surgeons No. 7 (Champley's egg) (Fuller, pp.313-4). [231-232] Royal College of Surgeons No. 9 (William Barbour's egg) (Fuller, pp.316-7). [233] Green-blotched St. Malo egg (Fuller, pp.321-2). [234] Edinburgh Castle St. Malo egg (Fuller, pp.322-3). [235-236] Royal College of Surgeons No. 10 (Cincinnati egg) (Fuller, p.325) [237-242] Scales's egg, destroyed by fire 1872 (Fuller, pp.337-8). [243] Champley, 4 eggs in 1 photograph. [244] Unidentified. [245-248] Other photographs [245] Olaf Saarikoski. [246] Olaus Worm, engraved portrait. [247] Sale leaflet, Thayer's egg (Fuller, p.316), Rowland Ward, 1904. [248] G.D. Rowley, pen sketch, 'Natives of Papa Westra and Gt Auk A.D. 1812'. [249-266] Watercolours of eggs [249] Dufresne's streaked egg (Fuller, pp.266-7). [250-251] Dufresne's spotted egg (Fuller, pp.267-8). [252] Royal College of Surgeons No. 4 (Dawson Rowley's egg) (Fuller, pp.272-3). [253-254] Vicomte de Barde No. 1 (Lord Garvagh's egg) (Fuller, pp.273-4). [255] Lady Cust's egg (Fuller, p.275). [256] William Stirling's egg (Fuller, pp.280-1). [257] Scarborough egg (Fuller, pp.286-7). [258] Dresden egg (Fuller, pp.306-7). [259] Löbbecke's egg (Fuller, pp.307-9). [260] Royal College of Surgeons No. 7 (Champley's egg) (Fuller, pp.313-5), M. Fairmaire's egg No. 2 (Ward's egg) (Fuller, p.317) (chromolithograph in H.E. Dresser's Eggs of the birds of Europe (1910). [261] Nunappleton egg (Fuller, pp.320-1). [262] Des Murs' Philadelphia egg (Fuller, pp.327-8). [263] Des Murs' Washington egg (Fuller, pp.328-9). [264] Malcolm's egg (Fuller, pp.331-2). [265-266] Captain Cook's egg (Fuller, pp.332-5). [267-268] Photographs on glass of a great auk's head. [269] Engraved printing plate of a great auk. [270] AN, tracing of map of Newfoundland in Pierre Charlevoix, Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France (Paris, 1744), dated 27 APR 1905 (see also [90-91] above). [271-272] Further papers on great auk. [273] Notes on Wolley's Gare Fowl Book, vols. 1 & 2, n.d. [274] Notes on Latin name Alca impennis, n.d. [275] JOHN WOLLEY, 'Questions concerning the Great Auk in the Holm of Papa Westra', 1858 or 1859. [276] Newscutting, F.A. Lucas, 'Adventures of government explorers … VIII.—Hunting for Great Auk bones in the North', The Voice, New York, 14 JUL 1898. [277] Cutting from page proof about great auk, n.d. [278] MS extract on great auk, J.B. Holder in The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, Vol 24, No. 4, AUG 1882, sent by E. Bidwell, 1884. [279] Notes on a visit to Papa Westray, Orkney, 1893. [280] Notes in Spanish on great auk, 'brought to me by H. Guillemard, 7 April 1907'. [281-288] H. GRONVOLD, watercolours of great auk eggs, for Ootheca Wolleyana, n.d. [289-296] Colour plates by John Bale, Sons & Danielsson, Great Titchfield Street, 28 JUL – 23 AUG 1905, from Gronvold's watercolours. [287] Edward Charlton, 'On the Great Auk (Alca impennis)', in Transactions of the Tyneside Naturalists' Field Club, Vol. 4, pt. 2 (Newcastle, 1859), pp.111-117. [288] Newscutting, 'Death of Dr Charlton of Newcastle', Newcastle Daily Journal, 15 MAY 1874. [289] Copy and translation of a paper by SVENBJORN JACOBSEN of Reykjavik, 1858, about purchase of a great auk specimen in 1841.

Dates

  • 1845-1907

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact mss@lib.cam.ac.uk. Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (www.lib.cam.ac.uk).

Extent

1 collection (289 letters and papers paper, photographs) : photographs

Language of Materials

English

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

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