Skip to main content

La Martinière, Lucknow, 1864

Reference Code: GBR/0115/RCS/Y3022C/41

Scope and Contents

291 x 239 mm. View showing the W facade of La Martiniere, the palace of Major General Claud Martin on the E outskirts of Lucknow. The building faces an ornamental T-shaped lake on the further side, out of which rises a tall column topped by a pavilion which can be seen in the right background. The house itself is of eccentric design: the main block stands on a massive podium from which four storeys rise, the top two being in the form of a dome connected to four octagonal towers by arches. On either side of the main block run low curving wings. The whole is decorated with an elaborate display of kiosks, parapets and statues which include ornamental sphinxes, and lions which were originally painted red and had lamps placed in the eye sockets. Claud Martin (1735-1800) was a Frenchman who came to India as a private soldier in the French Army. He subsequently joined the East India Company's Bengal Army and was for some years involved in survey work before entering the employ of the Nawab of Oudh. He lived at Lucknow for the remainder of his life and during this time amassed a considerable fortune in various trading ventures. La Martiniere, part palace, part fortress, part mausoleum was completed around 1797 and Martin himself, in Indian manner, was interred in a tomb in the basement after his death. Part of Martiniere' s fortune was used to found charitable educational instructions in Lucknow, Calcutta and his home town of Lyons, and the Lucknow Martiniere is still housed in these premises. For a biographical study, see S.C. Hill, 'The life of Claud Martin' (Calcutta 1901). Bourne no. 1047.


  • Creation: 1864


Conditions Governing Access

From the Fonds:

Unless restrictions apply, the collection is open for consultation by researchers using the Manuscripts Reading Room at Cambridge University Library. For further details on conditions governing access please contact Information about opening hours and obtaining a Cambridge University Library reader's ticket is available from the Library's website (

Language of Materials



Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912, photographer

Finding aid date

2010-12-10 16:39:14+00:00

Includes index.

Repository Details

Part of the Cambridge University Library Repository

Cambridge University Library
West Road
Cambridge CB3 9DR United Kingdom