Writers' Buildings and Holwell Monument, 1910
Scope and Contents
205x135mm. View looking E. along the N. side of Dalhousie Square, with the Holwell Monument in the foreground at the junction with Clive Street, and the Writers' Buildings (by this time the Bengal Secretariat) stretching along the whole of the N side of the square. The monument, erected by a survivor of the Black Hole of Calcutta, John Zephaniah Holwell, over the mass grave of those who died, was in the form of an obelisk mounted on an octagonal pedestal on which the names of those who died were carved. The precise date of the original raising of the monument is uncertain: Holwell, who succeeded Clive as temporary Governor of Bengal for five months in 1760 and left India for good in the same year, probably personally supervised its construction, and it was certainly in place by 1764. The monument, built of brick and plaster, was allowed to deteriorate and was taken down in 1821. The obelisk seen here was established by Lord Curzon and unveiled by him on 19 December 1902. It is a fairly close copy of the original. A statue of Sir Ashley Eden which had formerly occupied the spot was removed to the centre of Writers' Buildings. For a detailed history of the monument, see Curzon i, pp. l50-176 and Massey p.91.
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Bourne and Shepherd
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