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Personal Papers of Helen Megaw, 1919 - 2002

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0271/GCPP Megaw

Scope and Contents

Helen Megaw left her papers in store at Girton College in two batches, one in 1977 and one in November 1980. The papers were largely arranged by Helen Megaw herself and she left a partial list to the papers stored in 1980. They were all transferred from store to archives in 2000. They relate largely to her research, writing and teaching. There is very little of a personal and biographical nature other than letters written to her in the 1950s by family and friends and some biographical notes.
The catalogue contains many chemical formulae and other scientific symbols. These have been represented accurately in the text as far as possible: however, any advice relating to errors or suggestions for improvement would be gratefully received.

Dates

  • 1919 - 2002

Creator

Biographical / Historical

Helen Dick Megaw was born in Dublin, the elder daughter of Robert Dick Megaw and Annie McElderry. She was educated in Dublin and at Roedean School and Queen's University, Belfast, before coming to Girton College to study Natural Sciences in 1926. She was awarded a Cambridge PhD in 1934. Her research and teaching in the ensuing years briefly comprise the following: Research on crystallography in Vienna 1934-35; Research on low temperatures at the Clarendon Laboratory in Oxford 1935-36; Assistant Mistress at Bedford High School 1936-39 and Bradford Girls' Grammar School 1939-43; X-Ray Crystallographer at the Material Research Laboratory, Philips Lamps Ltd, Mitcham, Surrey, 1943-35; Assistant Director of Research at the Crystallographic Laboratory, Birkbeck College, London 1945-46. In 1946 she returned to Cambridge as a Staff Fellow, Director of Studies in Natural Sciences and Lecturer in Physics at Girton College and an Assistant in Research in Crystallography at the Cavendish Laboratory, where she pursued for many years her investigations into the crystal structure of felspars and ferroelectrics. In 1951, Helen Megaw was a scientific consultant to the 'Festival Pattern Group', which supplied crystallographic patterns as a basis for textiles, ceramics, decorative paper and furnishings as part of the Festival of Britain. Helen Megaw was actively involved in the Third Foundation Association, which in 1954 founded New Hall [now Murray Edwards College], Cambridge's third college for women. She was also a member of the New Hall Association, which governed the college until it gained full collegiate status in 1972. In addition to many scientific articles, Helen Megaw published, in 1957, a book entitled 'Ferroelectricity in Crystals', the first of its kind. A second book, 'Crystal Structures: a Working Approach' was published in 1973. Honours awarded to Helen Megaw included the Roebling Medal of the Mineralogical Society of America in 1989 (she was the first woman to receive the medal) and an honorary degree from Queen's University, Belfast in 2000. Megaw Island in the Antarctic was named after her in honour of her early work on the crystallographic structure of ice. Helen Megaw retired in 1972. She died at Ballycastle, Co Antrim, on 26 February 2002.

Extent

34 archive box(es) (34 boxes) : Paper

Language

English

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donated to Girton College in 2000. Some additional items were received from Professor Mike Glazer in July 2014.

Related Materials

Material relating to Helen Megaw's work with the Festival Pattern Group is at GCRF 2/2/1, 15 and 38. GCAR 8/4/20 comprises correspondence concerning the deposit, in 1992, of Girton's Lawrence Room curtains with the Victoria & Albert Museum [the curtains were originally designed by Helen Megaw for the Festival of Britain in 1951. The design was based on the crystal structure diagram of china clay].

Related Materials

Helen Megaw donated her papers relating to the Third Foundation Association, 1948-54, to New Hall in about 1981. These include minutes of Third Foundation Association sub-committees and correspondence and are catalogued in the New Hall archives as NHAR 1/1/1/3/1-6. The Victoria and Albert Museum Archive of Art and Design holds some papers relating to Helen Megaw and the Crystal Design Project of the Festival of Britain.

Originator(s)

Megaw, Helen Dick, 1907-2002, crystallographer

Finding aid date

2004-12-15 12:26:01+00:00

Repository Details

Part of the Girton College Archive Repository

Contact:
The Archivist
Girton College Archive
Huntingdon Road
Cambridge CB3 0JG United Kingdom
+44 (0)1223 338897

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.