Baldwin, Stanley, 1867-1947 (1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley and Prime Minister)
- Existence: 1867 - 1947
Stanley Baldwin (1867-1947) was born on 3 August 1867 in Lower Park, Bewdley, the son of industrialist Alfred Baldwin. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, before joining the family iron and steel business. He was elected a Conservative M.P. in 1906, and in December 1916 became Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Andrew Bonar Law. Thereafter, Baldwin served in David Lloyd George's government as Junior Lord of the Treasury, Financial Secretary to the Treasury and President of the Board of Trade. He became Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1922, and Prime Minister in 1923. Baldwin lost the 1929 General Election, but served as President of the Council in the new National Government, before replacing Ramsey MacDonald as Prime Minister in June 1935. He resigned in 1937, and was later made Earl Baldwin of Bewdley. He died on 14 December 1947. Baldwin's son, Oliver Ridsdale Baldwin (1899-1958), was Viscount Corvedale, later 2nd Earl Baldwin, author, journalist and M.P.
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- Subject: Colonialism X