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Maxwell, James Clerk, 1831-1879 (Professor, scientist, physicist)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1831 - 1879

Biography

James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) was born in Edinburgh. In 1841 he became a pupil at the Edinburgh Academy and in 1847 entered the University of Edinburgh, attending lectures on mathematics, natural philosophy, chemistry, and mental philosophy. In October 1850 he became an undergraduate of Peterhouse, Cambridge, transferring to Trinity College in December of that year. He graduated in 1854 and in 1855 was elected a fellow of Trinity. During the next year he was appointed professor of natural philosophy in Marischal College, Aberdeen, and in 1858 married Katherine Mary Dewar, the daughter of the principal. In 1860 he became professor of natural philosophy in King's College, London. He resigned the post in 1865, returning to private life at Glenlair, but in 1871 was induced to come forward as a candidate for the new chair of experimental physics at Cambridge, to which he was elected unopposed. The work of the professorship occupied Maxwell for the next five years. He died on 5 November 1879, following an illness. Maxwell carried out research into the effects of combinations of colours by means of the rapid rotation of discs coloured differently in different parts. This became known as his colour-top. His conclusions on primary colours and colour-blindness led to him being awarded the Rumford medal of the Royal Society in 1860. Maxwell also examined the question of the distribution of velocity in a gas and was involved in research and experiments concerning electricity and magnetism, on which he wrote a number of important papers.

Found in 57 Collections and/or Records:

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 Fonds

Alexander Davidson: Student notebooks, Aberdeen University

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8790-8792
Dates: 1857-1860
 Fonds

Ambrose Fleming: Notes on James Clerk Maxwell's lectures

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8082-8083
Dates: 1878-1879
 Series

Final drafts of books, 1849-1879 (Circa, undated)

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS.Add.7655/IV
 Fonds

James Clerk Maxwell: Correspondence and papers

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.7655
Dates: 1781-1951
 Fonds

James Clerk Maxwell: Letters to George Chrystal and other papers

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8375
Dates: 1874-1885
 Fonds

James Clerk Maxwell: Papers

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8385
Dates: 1879-1931
 Series

James Clerk Maxwell: Papers about his property, 1871-1888

 Series
Reference Code: GBR/0012/MS Add.8812/159-162
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Additional filters:

Type
Archival Object 52
Collection 5
 
Subject
Physics 2
Electromagnetism 1
Mathematics 1
Thermodynamics 1