Niclaes, Hendrik, 1502-? 1580 (German mystic and founder of the sect Familia Caritatis)
- Existence: 1502 - ? 1580
Niclaes, Hendrik [Henry Nicholas] (1502-?1580) was possibly born somewhere along the German-Dutch border from Westphalia to East Friesland. His interest in theology began early and by 1521, he became under the influence of Luther's ideas, especially his criticism of Catholic abuse and his emphasis on the Bible. Niclaes was arrested for heresy twice, once in 1529 and again in 1532, but released. After a relocation to Amsterdam, he became interested and involved with the fanatical Anabaptists, but soon decided to start his own sect, the Family or House of Love. One of the sect's main purposes was to clease Christianity of the imperfections and distortions of the church. To spread his word, Niclaes printed various works, namely 'Terra pacis, or, The Land of Peace' and 'Den speghel der gherechticheit, or, The Glasse of Righteousness'. Niclaes died in Cologne in 1580.
Found in 6 Collections and/or Records:
Hendrik Niclaes: 'A Description of the Iniquitie, Vanitie, Blindnes, Incredulity and Horriblenes of the perverse World', and, 'To the Congregation in the Love'
English translations. fo. i: 'Nancy Lush I went to my Grandmothers the 25 of December.' fo. iv: 'Nancy'. fo. ii: 'C:12G.J.B'. fo. 50v: 'J.B.C:12G', 'J.B., 12G'.
Hendrik Niclaes: 'A Singular Description with an effectuall Resolution of the Upright Faith, Knowledge and Confessing of Christ'
English translations from Low German. fo. 1: preface. fo. 10: text. Apparently unprinted. fo. ii: 'C.54G J. B.' inside front cover: bookplate of Henry Hoare, goldsmith of London, 1704.
Hendrik Niclaes: 'The Seconde Exhortation of HN to his Children and to the Famely of the Love of Jesu Christ'
Inside front cover: '366' (in pencil).