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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 290 Collections and/or Records:

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(Untitled), 19 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/59-60
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee], Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon], General Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] and the Chief of the Air Staff [Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal] regarding the long-term policy of placing an Anglo-American air force on the Russian southern flank in the Caucasus Annotated, probably during writing of WSC's "The Second World War" c1948-1954.

Dates: 19 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 19 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/61
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to the Chief of the Air Staff [Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal] marked "most secret and personal" regarding heavy night bombing raids on Berlin [Germany] Annotated, probably during writing of WSC's "The Second World War" c1948-1954.

Dates: 19 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 19 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/63
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to General Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] marked "most secret and personal" suggesting that it would be wise to describe "Jubilee" [Codename for raid on Dieppe, France] as a "Reconnaissance in force." Annotated, probably during writing of WSC's "The Second World War" c1948-1954.

Dates: 19 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 21 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/87/71
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to First Sea Lord [Admiral Dudley Pound] marked "most secret and personal" asking him to cable the latest news of the progress of the ships carrying the Sherman tanks Annotated, probably during writing of WSC's "The Second World War" c1948-1954.

Dates: 21 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 30 Jul 1942 - 25 Aug 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/65/88-98
Scope and Contents Letter and reports by Randolph Churchill to WSC on the command structure and personalities in the Middle East, including Lieutenant- General Thomas Corbett, Chief of General Staff, Middle East, Richard Casey [Minister of State, Middle East], Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, RAF, Middle East], Air Vice-Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham, Sir Miles Lampson [British Ambassador to Egypt and High Commissioner for the Sudan, later 1st Lord Killearn] and Michael Wright,...
Dates: 30 Jul 1942 - 25 Aug 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 24 Jun 1942 - 19 Sep 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/65/106-145
Scope and Contents Letter from Randolph Churchill to WSC on his exploits in a secret mission to block the harbour of occupied Benghazi [Libya], with others including his commander David Stirling and Fitzroy Maclean, with manuscript postscript on his accident and health and typescript extracts from the letter; also includes covering correspondence between [Arthur] Brian Boyle [Military Assistant to Chief of Imperial General Staff] and Leslie Rowan and Francis Brown [Private Secretaries to WSC] forwarding copies...
Dates: 24 Jun 1942 - 19 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), [24 Jan 1942]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/69A/6-8
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of telegram from John Curtin to WSC regarding the situation in Malaya [later Malaysia], on the unsuitability of Indian troops for this type of warfare, the fact that the evacuation of Singapore would be an "inexcusable betrayal" and on public feeling of grave uneasiness at Allied impotence to stem the Japanese advance. [Copy may have been produced for use by WSC in writing of "The Second World War", and is backed with typescript of correspondence from Chapter 31 "Japan", of...
Dates: [24 Jan 1942]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 18 Feb 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/70/72
Scope and Contents

Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding military command in Burma [later Myanmar]: feels disturbed at the "lack of real fighting spirit" shown by troops in Malaya [later Malaysia] and Burma, and lists some causes; comments on Lieutenant-General Thomas Hutton [General Officer Commanding, Burma] and proposal to replace him with General Harold Alexander; refers to own rapid recovery.

Dates: 18 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 09 Jul 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/40/127-128
Scope and Contents Telegram from Oliver Lyttelton [later Lord Chandos, Minister of State in the Middle East] to WSC with first impressions of organisation in Middle Eastern theatre. He comments on need for troop carriers to transfer air personnel from the Delta to Palestine [later Israel]; the need for closer co-ordination between Middle East and India, and between all three services; the situation with regard to the Red Sea and Egyptian ports; the number of men on the rationed strength; the tactical training...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/209/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, May 1945. Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chief Whip [James Stuart]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence Service]....
Dates: 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for minutes M 497/5 and C 42/5, which are closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review 2032.
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(Untitled), 09 Mar 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/212/86
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe, United States Army] marked "personal and Top Secret" congratulating him on the great victory won by the armies under his command [achieving a bridgehead over the Rhine at Remagan, Germany]. Photocopy.

Dates: 09 Mar 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), [1945] - Jan 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/244/2
Scope and Contents

Report by the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force [in Western Europe, United States Army], General Dwight Eisenhower, to the Combined Chiefs of Staff on the operations in Europe of the Allied Expeditionary Force, 8 June 1944 to 8 May 1945, dated 13 July 1945. In a presentation binding with an annotated dedication to WSC from Eisenhower and a note [by WSC's secretary] indicating that the gift was acknowledged on 23 January 1950.

Dates: [1945] - Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 24 Apr 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/193B/198
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC to Lieutenant-Colonel Steer-Webster thanking him for the excellent coloured reproduction of "Mulberry B" [codename for type of artificial harbour used on D-Day], asking him to thank Corporal Jobson who was responsible for the painting, and thanking him and his staff for the various models and the relief map of the Mulberry which they have sent to WSC's Map Room [carbon].

Dates: 24 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
 Unknown

"Wars are not won by evacuations", 04 Jun 1940

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A/9-28
Scope and Contents Typescript copy of notes for WSC's speech on the fall of Belgium and surrender of King [Leopold] of Belgium; the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France]; the successes of the RAF; losses of men and weaponry; military development and the possibility of German invasion. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender".Carbon typescript copy with some manuscript annotations in ink [not by WSC] laid out in "psalm style" apart...
Dates: 04 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

WSC's tribute to President Roosevelt, 17 Apr 1945

 Unknown
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/167/206-207
Scope and Contents Printed copy from Hansard recording WSC's tribute on the death of President Roosevelt covering: the start of his friendship with Roosevelt when the President invited WSC to correspond with him; their correspondence of over 1,700 messages, 9 meetings and 120 days of close physical contact; his admiration and affection for Roosevelt; Roosevelt's courage about his physical affliction and 'agony' at the fall of France; a letter from Roosevelt brought to WSC by Wendell Wilkie in which Roosevelt...
Dates: 17 Apr 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open