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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 83 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Personal: Visits and Invitations: France: C - G., Sep 1955 - Sep 1961

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/146
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: E Howitt, Traffic Manager of Cable and Wireless Limited, on arrangements for WSC to send telegrams from France (4); Raymond Gramaglia, Mayor of Cap d'Ail [France] on subjects including a request for WSC to present the Freedom of the City to Princess Grace [earlier Grace Kelly] (7); T Cobby (7) and W White (8) of the Automobile Association on arrangements to transport WSC's cars to France; Colin Coote, Managing Editor of the Daily Telegraph and Morning Post; Daisy,...
Dates: Sep 1955 - Sep 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Visits and Invitations: France: H - Le., Sep 1955 - Apr 1963

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/147
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Dr Jacques Vialle on adjustments to WSC's hearing aid (6); A Larenque of the Hotel du Helder on accommodation for members of WSC's staff (11); J Broc, General Manager of the Hotel de Paris (15) on accommodation for WSC and CSC; Enid, Lady Kenmare; and Alvide Lees-Milne with a photograph of Thomas Molesworth-Bridges.Other subjects covered by the file include: arrangements for supplies of Pol Roger champagne and requests for press photographs.Also includes: bills for...
Dates: Sep 1955 - Apr 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Visits and invitations: France: R - S., Aug 1955 - Apr 1963

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/149
Scope and Contents Correspondents includes: the staff of Prince Ranier III inviting WSC to various social occasions; Louis Lottier, Mayor of Roquebrune; Celia Sandys; "Willie" [William] Sax regarding painting with WSC (5); Captain Arthur Soames; Mario Profeta (13) and Frederick Smith (3), chauffeurs to WSC; and Sergeant Murray.Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Anthony Montague Browne [Private Secretary to WSC], Doreen Pugh [Secretary to WSC], and Gillian Maturin [Secretary to WSC]; copies...
Dates: Aug 1955 - Apr 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: 2 bound diaries, including details of WSC's daily engagements and notes from his staff., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/460
Scope and Contents The first, labelled "Engagement diary" has tables of hours worked by the secretaries, lists of people attending certain events, and a note from [Prime Minister's Private Secretary] "F D W B" [Francis Brown] enclosed between its pages, with details written in the hands of various of WSC's secretaries, particularly [Kathleen] Hill and [Elizabeth] Layton.The second diary replicates most of the information in the first with entries mainly in the hand of [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow] until...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: bound diary, including details of WSC's daily engagements as [First Lord of the Admiralty and] Prime Minister, and notes for his staff., 1940

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/413
Scope and Contents

Details written in the hands of various of WSC's and CSC's secretaries [Kathleen Hill, Mary Shearburn, and Grace Hamblin].

Dates: 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: bound diary, which from September includes details of WSC's daily engagements [as First Lord of the Admiralty]., 1939

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/390
Scope and Contents

Also includes some details of hours worked by his secretaries "K H" [Kathleen Hill], "O H" [Olive Harrington], "M S" [Mary Shearburn, later Mrs Walter Thompson], and "E R W".

Dates: 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Election: Tours., 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/553A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include Conservative candidates either requesting visits from WSC or thanking him for visits including: Major-General Robert Laycock, [3rd] Lord Long, Reginald Manningham Buller [later 1st Lord Dilhorne], [Edward] Spears (3), Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], Edward Terrell, Randolph Churchill, Donald Somervell, Bernard Sunley, Alfred Denville, George Harvie Watt and Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe]; David [1st Lord] Margesson of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: 22 Jun 1945 - 18 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1942]., c [1892] - Dec 1942

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/440
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lady Margaret Alexander on her husband [General Harold Alexander, later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis]; Sir Gifford Fox; John Winant [United States Ambassador to Great Britain] on W Sterling Cole giving WSC the American flag flying over the United States Capitol when he spoke there in 1941; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson; Paul Appleby, United States Under-Secretary of Agriculture; Anthony Rumbold [2nd Secretary], British Embassy, Washington [United States] (2)...
Dates: c [1892] - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence T - Y., 11 Apr 1939 - 20 Dec 1939

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/368
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Colin Thornton-Kemsley, apologizing for his former opposition to WSC; representatives of Barclays Bank Limited, Thornton Heath [Surrey] on WSC standing as guarantor for Walter Thompson [WSC's former detective] (4); Benjamin Tillett, congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and offering his services; Josiah Wedgwood on subjects including the policy of building aircraft carriers and battleships after [the sinking of the Royal Oak], WSC's...
Dates: 11 Apr 1939 - 20 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Mi - Mu, Mac., 21 Jan 1947 - 05 Oct 1962

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/194
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Bridget, Lady Monckton [later Bridget, Lady Ruthven of Freeland] on WSC's kindness to her husband, Sir Walter Monckton; 1st Lord Milford [earlier Sir Laurence Phillipps] on racing; Sir Walter Monckton on subjects including his health and mental health charities (4); Charles Montag; Gerald Montagu (4); Anthony Montague Browne on subjects including his work for the Foreign Office (4); Noel Montague Browne (5); 11th Duke of Devonshire [earlier Lord Hartington]; Dorothy...
Dates: 21 Jan 1947 - 05 Oct 1962
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Moran - Nixon., Jul 1953 - Dec 1964

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/530A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: various doctors on WSC's health, hearing aids and on gifts from WSC including Charles [1st Lord] Moran [earlier Sir Charles Wilson] (4), Dorothy, Lady Moran [earlier Dorothy, Lady Wilson], Herbert Seddon (5), Dr D Roberts (4), Jacques Vialle (3) and Philip Yeoman; [1st] Lord Morrison of Lambeth; Prince Hassan Ben El Mehdi, Moroccan Ambassador to Great Britain on a disaster in Agadir; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]; John Colville on the...
Dates: Jul 1953 - Dec 1964
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Sc - St., 27 Jul 1945 - 09 Jul 1960

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/199
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Robert Schuman on the European Movement; Albert Schweitzer; Peter Scott, Director, the Wildfowl Trust, on WSC's black swans; John Robertson Scott on using letters from WSC and Lord Randolph Churchill in his history of the Pall Mall Gazette (2); Ronald Scott-Miller; Sekon Toure, President of Guinea; "Top", 3rd Lord Selborne [earlier Lord Wolmer] on WSC's support for SOE and the Special Forces Club; Seymour [2nd Lord Camrose, earlier John Seymour Berry]; Horatia...
Dates: 27 Jul 1945 - 09 Jul 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Harold Macmillan., 06 Jul 1953 - 21 Aug 1959

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/220
Scope and Contents Correspondence between WSC and Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton], Foreign Secretary and later Prime Minister, on subjects including gifts of books from WSC, pensions for Polish generals, the success of the 1955 General Election, Anthony Montague Browne continuing to work as WSC's Private Secretary, the 4-Power summit at Geneva [Switzerland], and the death of 1st Lord Bracken. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence by Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel] WSC's...
Dates: 06 Jul 1953 - 21 Aug 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Various: "I guarded Winston" by Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson: typescript., 1939 - 1945

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/494A-B
Scope and Contents Includes a typescript of Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson's book about his experiences working for WSC between 1939 and 1945 covering subjects and events including: WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty and as Prime Minister; WSC's visits to Chequers [Buckinghamshire]; WSC's habits including methods of working and writing speeches; WSC's illnesses during the war; wartime events including the Battle of Britain, the Atlantic Charter, WSC's visits to Washington [United States] and Moscow [Soviet...
Dates: 1939 - 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Various: "I worked for Mr Churchill" by Elizabeth Layton, typescript., 1947

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/498A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript proofs of a book by Elizabeth Layton [later Elizabeth Nel] published as "Mr Churchill's Secretary" sent for WSC's approval. The book covers her experiences working for WSC between 1941 and 1945 and subjects and events including: WSC's work habits and methods of writing speeches; his personal health during the war; wartime events including the blitz and VE Day; visits to Washington [United States], Quebec [Canada], Cairo [Egypt], Teheran [Iran], Moscow; 10 Downing Street,...
Dates: 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Switzerland (August - September 1946): press cuttings., 12 Sep 1946 - 11 Oct 1946

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/248
Scope and Contents

Press cuttings on WSC's visit, on subjects including: WSC's visits to Lausanne, Zurich, Berne and Geneva; WSC's speech at the University of Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", 19th September 1946] on the need to establish a United States of Europe; Walter Thompson, WSC's police guard; WSC's painting; a planned attack on WSC.

Dates: 12 Sep 1946 - 11 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: Switzerland ( August - September 1946) S., 19 Jun 1946 - 02 Jan 1947

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/245
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: James Senn on his butter machine (4); Ernest Bartschi, Mayor of Berne; Werner Balsiger, Chief of Swiss Police, and Max Maurer, Commissioner of Swiss Police. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence by M Staite, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, B Vogel and "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], WSC's secretaries. A large proportion of the papers in this file are in French or German.Other subjects include:...
Dates: 19 Jun 1946 - 02 Jan 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) S - Z., 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/230A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Jorge Sanchez (5); Douglas Robey [British Vice-Consul, New York]; Iriney Georgevitch, Serbian Bishop of Yugoslavia [later Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia]; Albert Canning, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Special Branch, on WSC's police guard; Charles Scribner; [Walter] Bedell Smith; "Betty", Harold Stark; Sir William Stephenson [Director, British Security Co-ordination] on WSC meeting the lawyer...
Dates: 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Vice-Admiral John Hughes-Hallett

 Fonds
Reference Code: GBR/0014/HHLT
Scope and Contents

"Before I forget", annotated draft of Hughes-Hallett's memoir on Combined Operations, 1941-5, including his memoir of the Dieppe Raid and the planning for D-Day (Operation Overlord); with a letter to him from Winston Churchill MP (Prime Minister), 19 September 1954

Dates: 1954
Conditions Governing Access: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 Item

(Untitled), 17 Jul 1925

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/182/51-52
Scope and Contents

Letter from Knight, Frank & Rutley to Joseph Martin, Chartwell Farm, on WSC's decision to give up his cows, and stating that he would therefore have no further use for Martin's services [copy].

Dates: 17 Jul 1925
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), [May 1926]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/189/75-78
Scope and Contents

Note from [WSC] to Edmund Waterhouse, Gardener, Chartwell, instructions for work for himself, Harding and Martin until 10 October [carbon].

Dates: [May 1926]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 25 Apr 1926

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/189/24
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Clarice Fisher], P.S. to WSC, to J. Martin, Stockman, Chartwell, on his move to Oak-Hyrst Grange Farm, Caterham, also on WSC's willingness to provide a him with a testimonial [carbon].

Dates: 25 Apr 1926
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 26 Apr 1926

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/189/25
Scope and Contents

Letter from [Clarice Fisher], P.S. to WSC, to C Barker, on J Martin's move from Chartwell to Oak-Hyrst Grange Farm, Caterham [carbon].

Dates: 26 Apr 1926
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), [Apr 1926]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/189/27
Scope and Contents

Letter from J Martin, Stockman, Chartwell, to WSC, on his move from Chartwell to Oak-Hyrst Grange Farm, Caterham, also asking for reference.

Dates: [Apr 1926]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 04 May 1926

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/189/28
Scope and Contents

Letter from Marjorie Street, P.S. to WSC, to C Barker, on J Martin's move from Chartwell to Oak-Hyrst Grange Farm, Caterham [carbon].

Dates: 04 May 1926
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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