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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 212 Collections and/or Records:

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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 1 to 4, "The Birth of Britain", "The New World", "The Age of Revolution", and "The Great Democracies": page proofs., 1955 - 1958

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/441A-D
Scope and Contents

Includes loose and bound page proofs for the above volumes, with suggested corrections, amendments, and notes [mainly for volume 1] from various people [secretaries, literary assistants, printers, etc.] or organisations including: "C C W" [Charles Wood], "A H" [Alan Hodge], WSC, [John] Sundell of Cassell [and Company], "D K" [Denis Kelly], Time-Life [International], and [George Gordon] Allen.

Dates: 1955 - 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 3 and 4 [eventually entitled "The Age of Revolution" and "The Great Democracies"]: main pre-war revise., [1938] - [1945]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/427A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some marked printer's copy and revised galley) for: chapter lists; book 7, [eventually entitled] "[England's] Advance to World Power" featuring chapters entitled "William III and Europe", "The Spanish Succession", "Marlborough: Blenheim and Ramillies", "Oudenarde and Malplaquet", and "The Treaty of Utrecht"; book 8, "The First British Empire" featuring chapters entitled "The Monopoly of the Whigs", "The Austrian Succession and the Forty-Five", "Colonial America", "The...
Dates: [1938] - [1945]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": volumes 3 and 4 [eventually entitled "The Age of Revolution" and "The Great Democracies"]: "New Discovery": spare proofs., [1938] - [1955]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/428A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs (some "revised" or "first revise") for: chapter lists; book 7, [eventually entitled] "[England's] Advance to World Power" featuring chapters entitled "William III and Europe", "The Spanish Succession", "Marlborough: Blenheim and Ramillies", "Oudenarde and Malplaquet", and "The Treaty of Utrecht"; book 8, "The First British Empire" featuring chapters entitled "The Monopoly of the Whigs", "The Austrian Succession and the Forty-Five", "Colonial America", "The First World...
Dates: [1938] - [1955]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., Feb 1935 - Nov 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/518A-B
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and publications of the following articles by WSC: "This Man's Gamble May Change Your Whole Life" on Franklin Roosevelt and his unemployment policy, and the difference between trade unions in Britain and the United States; "If Roosevelt Fails" on Franklin Roosevelt's economic policy and the risks of tearing down capitalism; "Lawrence of Arabia", an obituary for T E Lawrence; "Earl Jellicoe", an obituary for 1st Lord Jellicoe; "The Truth About Hitler" on the...
Dates: Feb 1935 - Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles., 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/231
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC on the following subjects: a review of the speeches of Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith]; the life of Lord Ypres [earlier Sir John French and Lord French] including a summary of his career and relationship to WSC; "Will the British Empire Last?" for "Answers" on the principle of self-government, the unifying effect of the British monarchy and the administration of India and Egypt; American industry and finance; "Socialist Quackery" for the Daily Mail...
Dates: 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles 1., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/498A-B
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "What Neville Ought to Do" on the April 1934 Budget; "Where are we heading?" on progress since 1915; "The Last Night of the Old World" on the beginning of the First World War; "Will the World swing back to Monarchies?" in support of monarchy; "Are Parliaments Obsolete?" in support of democracy and constitutional government; "My Fight for Lancashire" and "Our Last Chance" on the new Indian Parliament and the Lancashire...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Collier's Magazine., 24 Mar 1937 - 19 Jun 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/575
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Changing Face of Divorce" on the history of divorce law, including the Sir Charles Dilke and Virginia Crawford case, divorce's growing social acceptability and benefits; "Edward VIII", reviewing Hector Bolitho's "Edward VIII".Also includes: press cuttings on divorce and on the wedding of the Duke of Windsor...
Dates: 24 Mar 1937 - 19 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Daily Mail., Mar 1935 - Nov 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/519
Scope and Contents Proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "To-day's Great Problems at Home and Abroad" on the threat of war; "The Grave Weakness of Britain's Defences" on the need to build up the Forces; "The Miracle of Our Balanced Budgets" on changes to the economy since 1929, and the contradictions between economic problems and a balanced budget; "Is Parliament Merely a Talking Shop?" on government by debate and the influence of Socialist and Irish members of Parliament; "What is the...
Dates: Mar 1935 - Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Articles: Evening Standard., May 1935 - Jun 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/520
Scope and Contents Proofs of the following articles by WSC: "The King's 25 Years" [in 7 parts]: "The Accession" on the death of Edward VII, the background of Queen Mary and the political situation in 1910; "The King Faces his First Crisis" on David Lloyd George's 1909 Budget, the Home Rule Bill and the deadlock between the Houses of Parliament; "War Clouds Gather" on the House of Commons in 1911, industrial disputes, social organization, the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia, and the Agadir...
Dates: May 1935 - Jun 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles, Evening Standard., Mar 1936 - Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/543
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Britain, Germany and Locarno" and "Stop it Now!" on the need for the League of Nations to act on German troops entering the Rhineland [Germany]; "Where Do We Stand?" on the results of Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] and the British policy on it; "How Germany is Arming" on German military expenditure; "Our Navy Must Be Stronger"; "Organise Our Supplies" on efficient munitions production; "How to Stop War" on the need for a grand...
Dates: Mar 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Evening Standard 4., 26 Apr 1937 - 03 May 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/572
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Great Reigns": "The Heroic Story of Alfred the Great"; "William the Conqueror"; "Conqueror of Wales, Hammer of the Scots" on Edward I; "Here was a Man for the People" on Henry VIII; "A Queen Indeed" on Elizabeth I; "A Reign of Splendour" on Queen Anne; "Mother of Many Nations" on Queen Victoria.

Dates: 26 Apr 1937 - 03 May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Strand Magazine., 29 Dec 1936 - 14 Jun 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/573
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "How the Jews Can Combat Persecution" on the separateness of the Jews, prejudice against them, and their need to combat this with greater openness; "King George VI" marking the coronation of George VI.

Dates: 29 Dec 1936 - 14 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Sunday Chronicle., 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/574
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "Big Navy" on the possibilities of war between Japan and China, or Japan and the United States; "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Better Way" on the similarities between Nazism and Communism, Benito Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler; "Menace Over Europe" on the threat of war arising from the economic strains in Germany, Italy and Japan; "Jellicoe" on...
Dates: 21 Feb 1937 - 26 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC., Jan 1939 - Sep 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/653A-B
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Let the Tyrant Criminals Bomb" (British title "The Balance of Air Power") on German and British air strength in the 1930s, the threat of air attacks on ships, and the use of bombing against civilians; "War - Now or Never" (British title "Will There Be War [in Europe - and When?]") on the nature of the Nazi and Italian regimes, their financial needs, the growth of the German army and munitions programme, and the state of the RAF (with some...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Sep 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 1., Jul 1938 - Sep 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/620
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Japan Guesses Wrong" on Japanese battleship building, the British and American response, making comparisons with naval strategy during World War I; "Dictators on Dynamite" (British title "Dictators at the Cross-roads") on the rise of Hitler and Benito Mussolini and the contemporary situation in Germany and Italy; "England Learns About Labor" (British title "The Problem of the Labour Unions") on union radicalism, supporting the recognition of...
Dates: Jul 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 2., Nov 1938 - Apr 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/621
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings from Collier's for: "Today's Battles" (British title "War on Land" or "How the Armies will fight next time") on developments in military strategy in wars since the American Civil War, tanks, the difficulties facing an aggressor, and the importance of the infantry-man; "The Colony Racket" (British title "Great Britain and the German Colonies") on Germany's claims to have its former colonies returned, giving an historical perspective, comparing [Prince Otto von]...
Dates: Nov 1938 - Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence., 26 Jun 1923 - 11 Dec 1925

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/201
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Wynford Dewhurst on his gift of a sketch to WSC (2); H Greenough Smith (3) of the Strand Magazine on subjects including WSC's articles about painting; Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Jackson about his "target book" which WSC had used to research the subject of 12 inch guns for "The World Crisis"; A E Gloyn Cox (2); Sir Walter Lamb [Secretary of the Royal Academy] about a photograph of WSC; Thornton Butterworth on the publication of Volume 3 of "The World Crisis" (2).Other...
Dates: 26 Jun 1923 - 11 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Correspondence concerning corrections to and research for Volume 3 of "The World Crisis"., Nov 1926 - Dec 1926

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/204
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Beatty [Admiral of the Fleet] (2); Kenneth Dewar [of the Naval Staff Intelligence Division](2); J L Garvin (2); Bernard Baruch on subjects including WSC's treatment of President [Woodrow] Wilson, the supply of munitions from the United States and the work of the Allied Purchasing Commission; Sir Herbert Creedy [Under Secretary of State for War]; Reginald Hume [Acting Military Attache to the British Embassy in Berlin, Germany] on numbers of casualties (6);...
Dates: Nov 1926 - Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 2 ("Their Finest Hour") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., May 1941 - Dec 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/50
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Belgian General Baron Wahis; Arthur Chater on British Somaliland [later Somalia] operations; Hugh Ellis-Rees (War Office) on German invasion plans in 1940; 2nd Lord Harcourt (2), Alfred Bavin (Cabinet Office), and John Hanbury-Williams [Chairman, Courtaulds Limited] on the sale of Courtaulds' shares in the American Viscose Corporation; Sir Shenton Thomas on Singapore and Malaya's [later Malaysia] war effort; Sir Desmond Morton [former Personal Assistant to WSC];...
Dates: May 1941 - Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 3 ("The Grand Alliance") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1946 - Feb 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/54
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir George Rendel [British Ambassador to Belgium] and Andre de Staercke [Secretary to Prince Charles, Regent of Belgium] on the Belgian Congo [later Zaire, then the Democratic Republic of the Congo] contribution to the Abyssinian [later Ethiopia] campaign and Belgium's capitulation in 1940; "Bert", Sir Arthur Harris, on the date he became Commander in Chief, Bomber Command; Godfrey Carter on "Crusader" [British North African operation] and the battle at Sidi Rezegh...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Feb 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, A-L., Apr 1947 - Sep 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the New York Times including General Manager Julius Adler (6), publisher Arthur Sulzberger, Chief Correspondent Herbert Matthews (5), and Chief European Correspondent Raymond Daniell (5); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (6); William Deakin (12); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (12); Jacques Pirenne, Secretary to King [Leopold of Belgium]; French Defence Minister Paul Ramadier; General Pierre Billotte...
Dates: Apr 1947 - Sep 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open