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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 78 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: WSC's articles for the Daily Mail., 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/339
Scope and Contents Proofs and cuttings of articles by WSC: "Gordon: a Christian hero's sacrifice" on the death of General Charles Gordon at Khartoum [Sudan] in defiance of government orders; "Ireland" on the electoral success of [Eamon] De Valera and Anglo-Irish relations; an article on the Soviet Union including comments on communism, food shortages and embargoes imposed by the British government; a review of J L Garvin's biography of Joseph Chamberlain; "August 4, 1914: a nation transformed" on the effect of...
Dates: 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Cabinet: papers, correspondence and notes., 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 22/3
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Maurice Hankey [Secretary to the Cabinet] (6); 7th Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh] on the need for special constables in Northern Ireland; 1st Lord Curzon of Kedleston [Foreign Secretary] on Egypt; Arthur Balfour [Lord President of the Council] on reacting to Bolshevik attacks against Poland by stopping the visas of Russian Trade Unionists; "F E", (the Lord Chancellor) [1st Lord Birkenhead, earlier F E Smith] urging WSC not to resign over the...
Dates: 08 Jun 1920 - 07 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., 02 Jul 1905 - 23 Dec 1905

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/4
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: E Crosfield Pearson on canvassing support for WSC (6); E Pappadimitrou on Japan (2); William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Association on demonstrations by suffragettes, including Annie Kenney and [Christabel] Pankhurst, against Sir Edward Grey (4).Other subjects include: Free Trade; preparations for the General Election and predictions about Liberal successes; WSC's support for local associations, clubs and events; and discussion of issues connected with...
Dates: 02 Jul 1905 - 23 Dec 1905
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, L-M., May 1929 - Sep 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/575A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Oliver Locker Lampson on subjects including an invitation to give a lecture (2); Sir John Lavery on the Artists' General Benevolent Institution; Nathan Laski requesting an invitation with the Home Secretary; Shane Leslie on WSC's "Marlborough: His life and times" and on family news (3); Commander Augustus Agar on a possible lecture by WSC; Leonie Leslie [earlier Leonie Jerome]; Frederick Lindemann [later 1st Lord Cherwell] on subjects including the Conservative Party,...
Dates: May 1929 - Sep 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence N-Z., 1880 - Jun 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/576A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Sir] Walton Newbold on economic issues; Harold Nicolson; Terence O'Connor on subjects including wireless broadcasting, Ireland and WSC's attacks on his speech; Sir Michael O'Dwyer; Herman Ould on the role of John Galsworthy's play "Justice" on prison reform; Edward Marsh on subjects including submarine campaigns (3); [Thomas] Guy Paget; [1st Lord] Portsea [earlier Bertram Falle]; [Frederick] Ponsonby [later 1st Lord Sysonby] on a libel case and distress to King...
Dates: 1880 - Jun 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Greetings: Golden wedding congratulations: private and personal, patronage and Conservative Associations, etc., 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/485A-E
Scope and Contents Correspondents congratulating WSC and CSC on their Golden wedding anniversary include: [Richard] Michael Fraser and Percy Cohen of the Conservative Research Department; Ann, Lady Gammans for the Hornsey [London] Conservative Association; Donald Cowling, Chairman for the Leeds Conservative Association; Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott, Chairman of the Yorkshire Conservative Association; Max Bemrose, Chairman of the East Midlands Conservative and Unionist Association; Norman Cadzow, Governor of the...
Dates: 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence C - D., 11 Sep 1914 - 29 Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/364
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Richard Casey [Australian Minister for Supply and Development]; John Boland, General Secretary, Catholic Truth Society, on allegations in the United States press on WSC's opposition to the entry of the United States into the First World War (3); Sir Charles Petrie on using letters by WSC in his biography of Sir Austen Chamberlain (2); Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, on speaking in the House of Commons; Sir Evan Charteris on WSC's broadcast (1 October ["The First...
Dates: 11 Sep 1914 - 29 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/442
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (3) and Lovat Dickson [Director] of MacMillan and Company (2) on subjects including Eade going to Egypt and WSC binding copies of his works for him; Sir Crisp English on WSC's acute appendicitis in 1922; Michael Foot, [Acting] Editor, Evening Standard, on Low's cartoon "Winterton's Nightmare"; [Sir Alexander] Erskine-Hill congratulating WSC on his speech of 23 April; Wilfred Fish [WSC's dentist]; [Alan] Hodge [Assistant...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G, many praising WSC's speeches and leadership., Sep 1939 - Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/394
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War] (5) including (2) on his role in the government; Maxine Elliott on her health (2); Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on honouring [Walter Richard] Sickert; Daisy Fellowes [earlier Daisy, Princesse de Broglie] (2); Sir Warren Fisher [Regional Commander for Civil Defence, North-West Region] criticising the conduct of the war; [Edward] FitzClarence [later 6th Lord Munster] on Randolph Churchill's time in the...
Dates: Sep 1939 - Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Dec 1939 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/396
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Lambert; Nathan Laski (2) including (1) on Randolph Churchill; Harold Laski; [1st] Lord Lee of Fareham and [Ruth] Lady Lee; [Brigadier-General] Raymond Lee [US Military Attache] on a dinner with WSC; Alexis Leger ["St-John Perse"]; "Charley", [7th] Lord Londonderry [earlier Lord Castlereagh] (3) including (1) on using Southern Irish ports and (2) on his attitude to German rearmament in the 1930s; Major [Richard] Eric Long (2); 11th Lord Lothian [earlier Philip...
Dates: Dec 1939 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Sa., 28 Apr 1948 - 12 Oct 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/198
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Emir Zeid [Iraqi Ambassador to Britain]; [? Nourias Said, Prime Minister of Iraq]; 2nd Lord St Aldwyn [earlier Lord Quenington]; "Bobbety", 5th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne], Leader of the House of Lords and Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, on subjects including Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Salisbury himself being unable to continue at the Commonwealth Relations Office, the de-nationalization of steel, appointing a deputy Foreign...
Dates: 28 Apr 1948 - 12 Oct 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open except folios 14-16 which are closed under S37(1), S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review 2021.
 File

Speeches., 1904 - 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/15
Scope and Contents

Undated manuscript speech notes by WSC Subjects covered include free trade, taxation, general elections, colonial affairs, education, Ireland.

Dates: 1904 - 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/129A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (5 May) on the Eire bill, Britain abandoning rights it had under the 1921 Treaty, and the role of [Eamon] De Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland]. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5948-55.Notes for WSC's speech (25 May) entitled "A private execution" on the replacement of 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame] as Secretary of State for Air, the state of air defence, and setting up a...
Dates: 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/60
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 March) on the union of the Air and War Ministries, and building up the RAF. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2965 - 2974.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on the need for forces in the Middle East, the situation in the Caucasus, the Crimea [Soviet Union] and Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey], and the need for more Territorial and regular army recruitment.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 June) on army...
Dates: 11 Mar 1920 - 15 Dec 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 16 Feb 1922 - 03 Aug 1922

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/65A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (16 February), on the Irish elections, the dangers of delay, the Irish Boundary Commission, the interests of Northern and Southern Ireland and the position of Ulster. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3192 - 3205.Speech notes for WSC's statement (23 February) on freeing the funds of Irish local authorities previously intercepted to fund compensation claims, and settling compensation for personal injury and injury to property between the British and Irish...
Dates: 16 Feb 1922 - 03 Aug 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 13 Jun 1921 - 15 Dec 1921

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/63
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (14 June) on policy in the Middle East, particularly Palestine and Mesopotamia [later Iraq], the formation of the Middle Eastern department, troops in the Middle East, the hand-over to an Arab government and army in Mesopotamia, the situation in Kurdistan and Jewish colonies in Palestine and Transjordan [later Jordan]. Source material includes Colonial Office notes on WSC's statement. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3095 - 3111.A copy of Hansard (15...
Dates: 13 Jun 1921 - 15 Dec 1921
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and typescript., 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/72A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (11 May) on the silk duty in the Budget, and the sugar tax. Source material includes notes on artificial silk, including a quote from Samuel Courtauld, Chairman of Courtaulds Limited, and Philip Snowden [former Chancellor of the Exchequer] on tea duty. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3620 - 3631.Speech notes for WSC's statement (25 May) for the 2nd reading of the Finance Bill, on criticism of the Budget, particularly from Snowden, taxation, silk and death...
Dates: 11 May 1925 - 10 Dec 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/59
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's statement (23 February) on the abolition of conscription, the need for an increase in the army, development in the Air Force and in tanks, the Territorial Army and troops for Ireland. Source material includes: an extract from the Naval, Military and Air Force Service Act, 1919; memoranda by WSC on estimates, and reliefs for foreign garrisons; [?] Francis Acland on estimates; [Lieutenant-General Sir George MacDonogh] Adjutant-General, on reliefs for...
Dates: 07 Feb 1920 - 23 Feb 1920
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/74
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (17 February), entitled "The Road Fund" on Parliament putting restrictions on raising money, and the constitutional procedure of the Budget. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3828 - 3833.Typescript of WSC's statement [February] on the Civil Service sports grant.Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 March), entitled "Military Civil Servants (Pensions)", on pension rights for ex-servicemen. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3857 - 3863.Speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/94A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (29 April), entitled "The Budget" on the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Philip Snowden's adoption of WSC's own measures as former Chancellor, on the National Debt, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5016 - 5024.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 May), entitled "India Office" on trade with India, the boycott on British goods and its harmful effect on Lancashire and the Indian people, and the political...
Dates: 15 Apr 1931 - 18 Nov 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.