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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 176 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 2 ("Their Finest Hour") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., May 1941 - Dec 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/50
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Belgian General Baron Wahis; Arthur Chater on British Somaliland [later Somalia] operations; Hugh Ellis-Rees (War Office) on German invasion plans in 1940; 2nd Lord Harcourt (2), Alfred Bavin (Cabinet Office), and John Hanbury-Williams [Chairman, Courtaulds Limited] on the sale of Courtaulds' shares in the American Viscose Corporation; Sir Shenton Thomas on Singapore and Malaya's [later Malaysia] war effort; Sir Desmond Morton [former Personal Assistant to WSC];...
Dates: May 1941 - Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on an article by WSC entitled "One Way to Stop a Third World War", first published in Collier's magazine., Jun 1946 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/31
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (4); 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; representatives of Collier's including publisher William Chenery (15); Duncan Sandys on potential Labour Party and French reaction; G L Gilmour, London editor of the Australian Associated Newspaper Service (4); Irvine Douglas, London manager and editor of the Sydney Morning Herald [Australia]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the publication of WSC's "Secret Session Speeches"., Oct 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/5A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Time-Life International, including [London representative] Walter Graebner and Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Charles Eade, [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (30); David Walker, [Foreign correspondent] of the Daily Mirror; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] on the official implications of publishing the speeches (3); representatives of Simon and Schuster, Incorporated (6); representatives of Cassell and Company Limited...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, A-L., Apr 1947 - Sep 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the New York Times including General Manager Julius Adler (6), publisher Arthur Sulzberger, Chief Correspondent Herbert Matthews (5), and Chief European Correspondent Raymond Daniell (5); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (6); William Deakin (12); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (12); Jacques Pirenne, Secretary to King [Leopold of Belgium]; French Defence Minister Paul Ramadier; General Pierre Billotte...
Dates: Apr 1947 - Sep 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-L., Sep 1946 - Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/22
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [George Gordon] Allen (6); William Deakin (5); Prime Minister Clement Attlee on House of Commons' questions on German invasion plans in 1940; Eva, Lady Keyes, on 1st Lord Keyes and King Leopold of Belgium (2); Arthur Birse [one of WSC's wartime interpreters] on WSC's talks with Marshal Stalin in 1942; Alfred Bossom; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet until 1946] (4); Sir Philip Morris [later 1st Lord Morris of Kenwood]; Sir George Bull; Ronald Fraser,...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), C-I., Jun 1946 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/19A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] on the atomic bomb; R V Jones; Sir Laurence Collier [British Ambassador to Norway]; William Deakin (12); Ian Colvin (4) including (2) on his book on [General Paul] von Kleist; Robert Sherwood; Sir Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich] (2); Sir Stafford Cripps sending on extracts from his diary for summer 1939; [George Gordon] Allen (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3) including (2) on sending draft chapters to...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Daily Mirror articles by WSC., Jul 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/650
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Mirror, the Irish Daily Telegraph and the Belfast Telegraph for: "The Hush in Europe" or "Churchill Writes for Us Now" on Hitler's role in preventing war, rejecting the need for German "living space", and his displeasure at the failure to conclude an alliance between Britain, France and the [Soviet Union]; "Hitler Sells the Pass" deriding German reassurances about their intentions, commenting on the agreement between Germany and...
Dates: Jul 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 1., Apr 1938 - Jun 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/611
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France's New Government" on the frequent changes in government, praise for the new Prime Minister, Edouard Daladier, and asserting the importance of France for European security; "Britain's Deficiencies in Aircraft Manufacture" on purchasing aircraft from the United States and building factories in Canada (with cuttings of an article by John Moore-Brabazon [later 1st...
Dates: Apr 1938 - Jun 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 1., Jan 1939 - Mar 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/645
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and the Belfast Telegraph) for: "Anglo-German Naval Agreement", criticising the 1935 Agreement, the attitude of the Admiralty at that time, German superiority in submarines, and the effect of the Agreement on air parity; "Counting the Cost of Italy's Policies Abroad" on the Anglo-Italian Agreement of 1938, Italian intervention in Spain, and possible Italian conflict with France; "Light and Shade in Europe since Herr...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Mar 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 3., Oct 1938 - Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/613
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the Telegraph (and regional newspapers carrying the article) for: "France, Britain, and the Future Fate of Europe" on the need for unity between Britain and France, and apportioning blame for the situation in Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia]; "Palestine at the Cross-roads" on Jewish and Arab conflict, arguing against partition, and advocating the restoration of order; "All is Not Lost in China" on the state of the...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "Great Contemporaries": correspondence., 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/548
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Madeleine Clemenceau Jacquemaire on WSC's account of her father Georges Clemenceau; Adam Marshall Diston on research on Neville Chamberlain and 1st Lord Curzon (4); "Eddie" [Sir Edward Marsh] (3); "Ettie" [Ethel, Lady Desborough] (2); Clifford Norton [Foreign Office] advising on the toning down of the chapter on Hitler for fear of offending Germany; 1st Lord Wigram [Keeper of the King's Archives] on T E Lawrence's refusal of the C B; 17th Lord Derby [earlier Lord...
Dates: 12 Nov 1936 - 13 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "Great Contemporaries": proofs., 22 Jun 1937 - 07 Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/585
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Philip Snowden" on 1st Lord Snowden; "Clemenceau" on Georges Clemenceau; "King George V" on the King's reign, including the Parliament Act of 1910 and the King's role in the First World War.

Dates: 22 Jun 1937 - 07 Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Picture Post articles., Mar 1939 - Aug 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/655
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from Picture Post for: "What Britain's Policy Should Be", an interview with WSC in which he gives his views on British foreign policy over the preceding years and at that time, advocates co-operation with France, the United States and the Soviet Union against Germany, comments on the Spanish Civil War, the need to form a broader British government and civil defence; "How the War Began" on the build up to World War I, the assassination of...
Dates: Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series)., Oct 1939 - Nov 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/651
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "War - from inside the Admiralty" on experiencing naval action at the Admiralty during World War I, and a detailed description of the battle of the Dogger Bank; "U-boats - How the Navy Beat Them" on the morality of submarine warfare, the development of the Q-boat, the U-boat campaign against supply from the United States, and its consequence, the entry of the US into the war; "War on the Western Front" on casualties among the French, Germans and...
Dates: Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., Nov 1939 - Dec 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/652
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Hun" on the birth of the German Empire, German ambitions with regard to sea power, the positions of France and Russia, and German colonialism until the turn of the century; "Huns at Sea" on the German naval race with Great Britain, the dispute between France and Germany over Morocco, the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austria, the dreadnought controversy of 1909; "Threats!" on German and French actions in Morocco in 1911, David Lloyd...
Dates: Nov 1939 - Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series)., 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/675
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Chronicle for: "The Man Who Scared the U-Boats" on the convoy system for merchant shipping during World War I; "The German Army Myth" on the first battles on the Western Front; "The French" on the Battle of Verdun [France]; "The Blackest Day of the German Army" on the use of tanks at the Battles of Cambrai and Amiens [both France]; "The Valiant Heart of Man" on the bravery of those who fought in World War I; "Plan for Victory" on British naval strategy at the start...
Dates: 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 4., 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/668
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "The Other Man Who Thought He Had Us Beaten" on the character of Kaiser Wilhelm II, the peace before World War I, WSC's presence at military manoeuvres in Germany in 1906, Wilhelm's mistakes, and his years of exile following the war; "Another Blow We Thought We Would Never Survive" on WSC's memories of Lord Kitchener during World War I, the fall of Namur [Belgium], the failure of the Dardanelles [Turkey] expedition, and Kitchener's death; "The...
Dates: 26 May 1940 - 30 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 5., 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/669
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My American Notebook" on WSC's travels in California [United States], Redwood trees, visiting San Francisco [United States] and the Lick Observatory; "Where the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward VIII] Will Govern", a brief history of the Bahamas, including pirates and wreckers, the American Civil War, the effect of Prohibition, and commenting on the residents and WSC's memories of the islands; "The American Problem" on United States prosperity,...
Dates: 07 Jul 1940 - 11 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": chapter 10 "Sanctions against Italy [1935]": copy and provisional proofs., [Jan] 1947 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/84
Scope and Contents Includes typescript, manuscript, and galley proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: [William] Deakin [literary assistant], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], WSC, [secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt], "Van" [1st Lord Vansittart], and "O S" [Sir Orme Sargent, Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs].Also includes: typescript and galley proofs ("superseded proofs") of contemporary letters from WSC, Lord Cranborne [earlier Robert Gascoyne Cecil,...
Dates: [Jan] 1947 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1, "The Gathering Storm": [chapter 26] "The Front in France": copy and provisional proofs., Jan 1947 - Nov 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/99
Scope and Contents

Includes typescript, galley, and manuscript proofs annotated with suggested corrections and amendments from various people including: WSC, "F W D" or "Col D" [William Deakin, literary assistant], "E M" [Sir Edward Marsh], [Lieutenant-General Sir Henry] Pownall, and [George Gordon] Allen.Also includes: provisional proofs headed "Cultivator No. 6".

Dates: Jan 1947 - Nov 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 11 - 21: 'Returned empties'., 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/114A-K
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: Chapter 11 "Hitler Strikes, 1936"; Chapter 12 "The Loaded Pause - Spain 1936 - 1937); Chapter 13 "Germany Armed, 1936 - 1938"; Chapter 14 "Mr [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] at the Foreign Office and His Resignation"; Chapter 15 "The Rape of Austria, February 1938"; Chapter 16 "Czechoslovakia"; Chapter 17 "The Tragedy of Munich" [Germany]; Chapter 18 "Munich Winter"; Chapter 19 "Prague, Albania and the Polish Guarantee"; Chapter 20 "The Soviet...
Dates: 29 Dec 1947 - 12 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 22 - 31: 'Returned empties'., 25 Nov 1947 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/115A-J
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: Chapter 22 "War"; Chapter 23 "The Admiralty Task"; Chapter 24 "The Ruin of Poland"; Chapter 25 "War Cabinet Problems"; Chapter 26 "The Front in France"; Chapter 27 "The Combat Deepens"; Chapter 28 "The Magnetic Mine"; Chapter 29 "The Action off the River Plate"; Chapter 30 "Scandinavia. Finland"; Chapter 31 "A Dark New Year". Annotated with comments and suggestions by various individuals including WSC, William Deakin and [George] Gordon Allen.Also...
Dates: 25 Nov 1947 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/140A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence concerning research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War" by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including: German air strength; Soviet aid to Germany, 1920 - 1932; the British military mission to Moscow [Soviet Union], 1939; air defence; the French Air Force; the Graf Spee; the defences of Scapa Flow [Orkney, Scotland]; French rearmament 1930 - 1939; the British Expeditionary Force; Finland; the rearmament survey of...
Dates: 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open