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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 122 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Press cuttings, speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1924 - 27 Jun 1924

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/69
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (March, Abbey Division, Westminster, London) on the threat of a Socialist Government, the party system and WSC's own position, standing against the official Conservative candidate, Otho Nicholson. Also includes a press cutting reporting the speech.Speech notes for WSC's election address (11 March, Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London) on the need for stable government and the harmful results of the party system and frequent changes of Government,...
Dates: 11 Mar 1924 - 27 Jun 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1908 - Dec 1908

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/31
Scope and Contents Typescript of speech by WSC (23 January 1908, Birmingham Town Hall) entitled "Social Policy" on free trade and social policy. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 883 - 8.Typescript of speech by WSC (2 April 1908, Sun Hall, Liverpool) entitled "Tariff Reform and Unemployment" on taxation and unemployment. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 921 - 9.Manuscript and typescript notes for Election addresses by WSC in Manchester, including (14 April, Grand Theatre, Manchester) on subjects including...
Dates: Jan 1908 - Dec 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and press cuttings., 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/166
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes and press cuttings for WSC's speech (2 Mar 1944, London) entitled "The Royal College of Physicians" proposing the health of the College and on the National Health Service. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6895 - 7.Press cutting from The Times reporting WSC's speech (23 Mar 1944, London) to United States troops. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6905 - 6.Typescript speaking notes, and press cuttings for WSC's BBC broadcast (26 Mar 1944) entitled "The Hour of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/59A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (18 November, Monkhams Ward Dinner and Dance, Woodford [Essex]) on the increased Conservative majority, Conservative support for a varied, tolerant society, the current political situation, including the last Budget, the rejection of nationalization by the electorate, and Labour's lack of other policies. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8662 - 3.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 November, Harrow [Middlesex]) on receiving the...
Dates: 24 Oct 1955 - 16 Dec 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Mar 1945 - 13 May 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/207A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 March, Conservative Party Conference) including: the absence of party politics during the war; thanks for support of government policy in Greece; the likelihood of a general election; post-war reconstruction including rebuilding, agriculture and education; and the importance of continuing the war against Japan. Includes the phrase "When I became Prime Minister I promised nothing but blood, toil, tears and sweat". Also includes correspondence from: Basil...
Dates: 15 Mar 1945 - 13 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/77A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (3 January, Wolfe Dinner, Westerham, Kent) on the achievements and prosperity of Canada.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (20 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Leeds, Yorkshire), entitled "National Finance", on the increase in national expenditure and necessity for cuts, particularly in education, on the changing funding system for local authorities, electricity development, the coal subsidy and averting a coal dispute, and the general improvement in...
Dates: 02 Jul 1926 - 08 Dec 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, press cuttings and source material., 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/88A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (21 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Midland Hotel, Manchester), entitled "Trade" on 20th century economic conditions, currency stability, rating reform, economic development, taxation and the cotton trade. Also includes a press cutting from the Manchester Guardian reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4541 - 4546.Speech notes for WSC's speech (6 February, Town Hall, Battersea, London), entitled "Battersea By-Election" on the Government's...
Dates: 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 28 Sep 1949 - 27 Oct 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/27A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (28 September, House of Commons) on the devaluation of the pound including: economic affairs; the forthcoming General Election; atomic weapons; the Labour government's policy on taxation; statements by Sir Stafford Cripps [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; the return to the Gold Standard; and nationalisation. Source material includes: notes of statements made by Aneurin Bevan [Minister of Health] and Herbert Morrison [Deputy Prime Minister]; notes...
Dates: 28 Sep 1949 - 27 Oct 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/145
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 October, [Caxton Hall, London]) on his leadership of the Conservative Party and the retirement of Neville Chamberlain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6294-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (21 October, BBC) to the people of France entitled "Dieu protege la France". Also includes French translation of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6296-8.Notes for WSC's speech (9 November, Mansion House [London]) entitled "A long road to tread" on the illness of...
Dates: 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), [18 Jun 1893]

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/8/44
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lady Randolph Churchill, Sunningdale, to WSC, on her visit to the Ascot races, and on the Sandhurst entrance examination.

Dates: [18 Jun 1893]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open
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(Untitled), 07 Aug [1893]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/8/45-46
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lady Randolph Churchill, Kissingen, to WSC, on his success in the Sandhurst entrance examination, and his father's anger that he failed to obtain an Infantry cadetship, also on her visit to Germany and meeting with Bismarck.

Dates: 07 Aug [1893]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 30 Apr [1894]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/8/56
Scope and Contents

Letter from Lady Randolph Churchill, 50 Grosvenor Square, London, to WSC, on his visit to the 4th Hussars at Aldershot "I am not sure if Papa would approve".

Dates: 30 Apr [1894]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), [c 1892]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/11/1
Scope and Contents

WSC's history notebook, [from ?Harrow School] containing notes on: The War of the Spanish Succession, with accounts and maps of the First Duke of Marlborough's campaigns, The Literature of Queen Anne's Reign, The Darien Scheme, Scotch Affairs, 1702-1714, The Fortunes of Parties, 1702-1714, The Reign of George I, The Reign of George II.

Dates: [c 1892]
Conditions Governing Access: From the File: Open.
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(Untitled), 22 Jan [1893]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/5/26
Scope and Contents

Letter from Laura, Lady Wilton (later Lady Johnstone), Le Nid, Monte Carlo, to WSC, on the Sandhurst Entrance Examination.

Dates: 22 Jan [1893]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 15 Feb 1891

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/6/4
Scope and Contents

Letter from John Milbanke, Depot, Royal Sussex Regiment, to WSC, on WSC's life at Harrow School, and success in the Army Preliminary Examination, and Milbanke's life in the Royal Sussex Regiment.

Dates: 15 Feb 1891
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 03 Nov [1891]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/6/21
Scope and Contents

Letter from Charlotte Thomson to WSC, on Brunswick Road School, Brighton.

Dates: 03 Nov [1891]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 25 Jan 1892

 Item
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/7/2
Scope and Contents

Letter from Maxwell McTaggart to WSC, on the Sandhurst Entrance Examination.

Dates: 25 Jan 1892
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 23 Aug 1892

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/7/9
Scope and Contents

Letter from Louis Moriarty, Army Class Master, Harrow School, to WSC, on WSC's "very creditable" failure in the Sandhurst entrance examination. Stating that if he worked "earnestly and sensibly" he would pass in November.

Dates: 23 Aug 1892
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 10 Sep 1892

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/7/10
Scope and Contents

Letter from Rev. James Welldon, Headmaster, Harrow School, to WSC, on his failure in the Sandhurst entrance examination. Urging him to work "not by fits and starts but with regular persistent industry". Commenting that the grammatical foundation of his language was so uncertain that he lost marks which other boys gained "You therefore have ground to make up as well as new ground to cover".

Dates: 10 Sep 1892
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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