Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 47 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/40A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (7 February, House of Commons) entitled "Iron and Steel Industry" on subjects including: the disruptive timing of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act during a time of national crisis; the Government's mandate for nationalization; the splitting up of the industry; the industry's achievements and efficiency, particularly in its use of coal; the experience of wartime iron and steel control; the disruptive effects of...
Dates: 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/5A-B
Scope and Contents Newscutting reporting WSC's speech (3 May, Dorchester Hotel, London) at the Jubilee dinner celebrating 50 years of the Daily Mail, and reporting speeches delivered by 2nd Lord Rothermere [earlier Esmond Harmsworth] Chairman of the Daily Mail, 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken], 1st Lord Tedder and G Ward Price.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (7 May) on receiving the freedom of Westminster entitled "The British Commonwealth" including: his standing for election in Westminster...
Dates: 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/13A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 June, House of Commons) on India and the transfer of power including: the need for agreement of all parties and the likelihood of unrest. Source material includes: a paper on government policy regarding Indian independence and partition. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7499-500.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 August, Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire) at the West Country Conservative Rally entitled "A Doctor's Mandate" including: criticism of the...
Dates: 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/20A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 July, Woodford [Essex]) at an open air constituency meeting entitled "A new parliament" on subjects including: praise for Sir James Hawkey as Chairman of the Woodford Conservative Association; the strength of the Conservative Party; his involvement with social policy; the National Health service; the need to oppose communism; the possibility of war with the Soviet Union; the Labour government's economic policy; and the pledges of the Conservative Party. Also...
Dates: 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/21A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 October, Annual Conservative Party Conference, Llandudno, Wales) entitled "Perils abroad and at home" on subjects including: the recovery of the Conservative Party since 1945; the part played by Wales in British affairs; relations with the Soviet Union and the likelihood of a third world war; the degeneration of the United Nations; the importance of nuclear weapons belonging to the United States in countering the threat posed by the Soviet Union; the...
Dates: 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/24A-E
Scope and Contents Includes speech notes for WSC's speech (31 March, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston [United States]) entitled "The twentieth century - its promises and its realisation" on subjects including: the teaching of engineering and science in the United Kingdom contrasted with the situation in the United States; the role of science and the use made of scientific discoveries for military purposes; Great Britain's hopes for the twentieth century; WSC's early political career and...
Dates: Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/25A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (United Europe Economic Conference, Church House, Westminster [London]) entitled "The three circles (foreign policy)" including: the importance of the European movement in foreign policy; the resources of Europe; the "three circles" of significance in world affairs being the British empire and commonwealth, the English-speaking world, and United Europe. Source material includes: background notes from Duncan Sandys [Chairman of the International Executive of the...
Dates: 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The Grand Design", 07 May 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/18/23-53
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 May, The Hague [The Netherlands]) at the Congress of Europe entitled "The grand design" including: the progress of European integration and support from the United States for the Marshall Plan; the origins of European unity and the “Grand Design” of King Henry IV of France; the importance of “forgetting the hatreds of the past”, of mutual economic and military aid, closer political unity and maintaining progress; the speech he made at Zurich [entitled "The...
Dates: 07 May 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 30 Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39B/275-302
Scope and Contents Speech notes WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: the continuing threat from the Soviet Union since the disbanding of the Allied armies; hopes for a settlement while the United States still has a superior atomic stockpile, and the need to keep building up Western forces; Soviet proposals for a 4-Power conference; the advance into Korea by China, and its possible use in a Sino-Soviet conspiracy as a distraction from the danger to Europe; the burden borne by the United States...
Dates: 30 Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Unknown

"The International Situation", 14 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39C/539-574
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) subjects including: the importance of keeping up relations with the United States, and the reluctance of the Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] to do so, particularly over Korea; the advantage of maintaining a fortified line in Korea; the need to censor the despatches of the United Nations war correspondents from Korea; appeasing from strength, not weakness; the lack of consultation with Britain by the United States over its atomic weapons; the...
Dates: 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
  • 1
  • 2