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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 48 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Mar 1944 - 27 Jul 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/209A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election broadcast (30 June) including: his dislike of party politics; the warm reception he has received from the people; post war reconstruction and the 4 years plan; praise for the role played by women in the war; criticism of Labour policies and the intervention of Harold Laski.Rough speech notes by [1st Lord] Margesson for WSC's election speech (3 July, Walthamstow, Essex). Also includes correspondence from Margesson, and notes and correspondence from Leslie Rowan...
Dates: 06 Mar 1944 - 27 Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/32A-C
Scope and Contents Press Association transcript and press cutting from the Sevenoaks News reporting WSC's election address (11 February, Sevenoaks [Kent] Constitutional Club) on the Labour threat to the economy and the Empire. Also includes transcript of comments by Ness Edwards [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Labour and National Service] on WSC's responsibility for sending in troops during the miners' strike at [Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales, 1910]. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 7935 -...
Dates: 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/43A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election campaign (30 September - 10 October) on subjects including the grim economic outlook, regaining Britain's prestige abroad, the advantages of not winning the last election and improving the National Health Service. Source material includes: notes by 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] on the National Health Service, national unity and peace through strength, the tone of WSC's election broadcast, rearmament, Labour attempts to take credit for...
Dates: 30 Sep 1951 - 12 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/44A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (15 October, Huddersfield Town Hall [Yorkshire]) on subjects including: the decision by the Colne Valley [Yorkshire] Conservatives to support a Liberal candidate to stop Labour from winning the seat; the duty of all Conservatives and Liberals to combine against Labour; a tribute to Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet Lady Bonham- Carter, later Violet, Lady Asquith of Yarnbury], Liberal candidate for Colne Valley;...
Dates: 14 Oct 1951 - 23 Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/58A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's election address (16 May 1955, Sir James Hawkey Hall, Woodford [Essex]) on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Prime Minister and his appointment of Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] as his successor; the Government's record on the economy, employment, social services, housing and the reduction of economic controls; the threat of a return to Socialism; the support of Clement Attlee [leader of the Labour Party] for the hydrogen bomb and Western...
Dates: 06 Oct 1951 - 09 Oct 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 20 Jan 1922 - 11 Nov 1922

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/66A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (20 January, National Liberal Council, Central Hall, Westminster, London) on the Government's standing, the strength of the Liberal and Conservative coalition, the need for stability and the preservation of liberal principles against the threat of Socialism. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 3159 - 3165.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 January, Kenya Dinner, Hotel Victoria, London) on colonial policy in Kenya and Uganda, compared to the French policy in North...
Dates: 20 Jan 1922 - 11 Nov 1922
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 05 Jun 1931 - 31 Oct 1931

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/97
Scope and Contents Memorandum by WSC (5 June, Select Committee on Procedure on Public Business) on forming a non-political Economic Sub-Parliament.Speech notes and typescript (10 June, Folkestone, Kent), entitled "India (Government Policy) on the Gateshead by-election [County Durham], the Labour Government's record, the need for Conservatives to have a separate policy on India, British interests in India and the Cawnpore Riots. Source material includes a press cutting from the Times on the Round Table...
Dates: 05 Jun 1931 - 31 Oct 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, source material, typescript and press cuttings., 04 May 1923 - 03 Nov 1924

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/70A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 July 1924, Royal National Lifeboat Institution, Centenary dinner, Hotel Cecil, London). Source material includes notes on the founding of the service, modern lifeboats, typical rescues and funding. Published: Complete Speeches IV p 3463 (part).Speech notes for WSC's speech (17 July 1924, Association of Advertising Clubs of the World Convention, Wembley, London), on the cause of depression in trade and consumption, and the need for advertising to strengthen...
Dates: 04 May 1923 - 03 Nov 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings., 04 May 1923 - 08 Dec 1923

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/67
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (4 May, Aldwych Club luncheon, London), entitled "The political scene at a distance" on the Prime Minister, Andrew Bonar Law's breaking of the coalition, the risk of party strife letting in the Labour Party, the British constitution and the results of a Labour Government. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3381 - 3388. Speech notes at CHAR 9/70/124-147.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November, Free Trade Hall, Manchester), entitled "Free Trade", on the...
Dates: 04 May 1923 - 08 Dec 1923
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, press cuttings and source material., 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/88A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (21 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Midland Hotel, Manchester), entitled "Trade" on 20th century economic conditions, currency stability, rating reform, economic development, taxation and the cotton trade. Also includes a press cutting from the Manchester Guardian reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4541 - 4546.Speech notes for WSC's speech (6 February, Town Hall, Battersea, London), entitled "Battersea By-Election" on the Government's...
Dates: 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/14A-F
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 September, International Congress of Physicians, Guildhall, London) on the medical profession and scientific advances in which he reflects on previous speeches made by Sir Edward Grey and 1st Lord Morley of Blackburn. Also includes a report from the Lancet on WSC's speech and the reply to it made by 1st Lord Moran and papers about the meeting. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7521-3.Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 September, Royal Wanstead Schools,...
Dates: 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 28 Sep 1949 - 27 Oct 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/27A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (28 September, House of Commons) on the devaluation of the pound including: economic affairs; the forthcoming General Election; atomic weapons; the Labour government's policy on taxation; statements by Sir Stafford Cripps [Chancellor of the Exchequer]; the return to the Gold Standard; and nationalisation. Source material includes: notes of statements made by Aneurin Bevan [Minister of Health] and Herbert Morrison [Deputy Prime Minister]; notes...
Dates: 28 Sep 1949 - 27 Oct 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 16 Jan 1950 - 28 Jan 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/30A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's party political broadcast (21 January) for the Conservative Party entitled "The Conservative Point of View" on subjects including: the importance of voting and of the election; criticism of socialism and the principle of state control; the rejection of socialism in New Zealand and the United States; the need to establish basic standards of living and counter unemployment; Labour government expenditure; the importance of food production; economic affairs; and social...
Dates: 16 Jan 1950 - 28 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/31A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (4 February, Town Hall, Leeds [Yorkshire]) including: criticism of the Labour government's economic policy and manifesto; party politics and the numbers of candidates fielded by the Liberal Party; quotes by [Clement] Attlee [Prime Minister] on socialism; the rejection of socialism in Canada, Australia and New Zealand; nationalisation and its effect on the coal industry; the planned nationalisation of the steel industry; the continuation of rationing;...
Dates: 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 02 Jan 1935 - 22 Feb 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/114
Scope and Contents Draft press statement by WSC (2 January) responding to a broadcast by Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood, Secretary of State for India] on Indian constitutional reform.Notes for WSC's speech (?25 January, Bristol, India Defence League meeting) on the government of India debate and Randolph Churchill's campaign at Liverpool [Wavertree by-election]. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5465-6.Notes for WSC's speech (30 January, BBC broadcast) entitled "India: the Betrayal", arguing...
Dates: 02 Jan 1935 - 22 Feb 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/115A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 March, Albert Hall, London, India Defence League Demonstration) entitled "Dead as Mutton" on the Government of India bill and his misgivings about the National Government. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5557-8.Notes for WSC's speech (26 September, City Carlton Club Luncheon, London) on German rearmament, Italian designs in Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Also includes: letter of support from Sir Austen Chamberlain. Published: Complete...
Dates: 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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(Untitled), 08 Sep 1900

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/26/66-68
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC (105 Mount Street, Grosvenor Square [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he informs her of his decision to accept an invitation to speak to the Institute of Journalists; arrangements for his speaking tour; the future general election and Oldham [Lancashire] where "the situation...will be much complicated by the great depression and struggle in the cotton trade". Signed typescript with manuscript corrections.

Dates: 08 Sep 1900
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 25 [Jun] [1899]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/26/22
Scope and Contents

Letter from WSC ( [Oldham, Lancashire] on the notepaper of 35A Great Cumberland Place [London]) to "Mamma" [Lady Randolph Churchill] in which he discusses the certainty of his success in winning [the Oldham election] and asks whether she and Pamela [Plowden, later Lady Lytton] will attend his opening address. He notes that his speech was enthusiastically received and that "There is practically no local society - only multitudes of workers".

Dates: 25 [Jun] [1899]
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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(Untitled), 29 Jun 1899

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 28/26/24-25
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC (Birch House, Lees, Oldham [Lancashire]) to "Sunny" [Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough] in which he discusses the difficulty of accommodating Percival Hughes; the enthusiastic reception given to his speeches even by Radical audiences; his speaking engagements; difficulties posed by the Clerical Tithes Bill and the resignation of [George] Whiteley; his personal popularity; and his opinion that he and [James] Mawdesley will not win the election Manuscript signed and annotated by...
Dates: 29 Jun 1899
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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