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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 63 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Chapter 34 "The Torch is lit."., Dec 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/285A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 34 "The Torch is lit" ['Torch' was the codename of the Allied invasion of North West Africa] annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various people including Denis Kelly, William Deakin, WSC, Charles Wood, [George] Gordon Allen, Sir Edward Marsh, Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz], Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet], 1st Lord Ismay and Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall.Some source material...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Various material., Feb 1942 - Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/298
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence on corrections to be made to Volume 4 of "The Second World War" from individuals including: Denis Kelly (5); Charles Wood; WSC on a reference to [?Reginald] Dorman Smith; Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet]; 1st Lord Ismay on the need to amend a reference to Gandhi taking glucose during his fast; the Visconde de Meirelles on the use of 'neutral' planes during the war; [George] Gordon Allen; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2);...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War: Volume 6 "Triumph and Tragedy" Book 2 "The Iron Curtain", Chapter 37 "The Defeat of Japan"., Jan 1951 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/377
Scope and Contents

Typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 37 "The Defeat of Japan"", annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various people including WSC, Denis Kelly, Lt-General Sir Henry Pownall, Commodore [George] Gordon Allen and Charles Wood.With cutting from "The Times", 12 Jan 1945, obituary of Lt-General Herbert Lumsden, WSC's Special Representative with General Douglas MacArthur.

Dates: Jan 1951 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War: Volume 6 "Triumph and Tragedy" Book 2 "The Iron Curtain", Chapter 38 "Potsdam: The Atomic Bomb"., Jun 1951 - Sep 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/378A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 38 "Potsdam: The Atomic Bomb", annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various people including WSC, Denis Kelly, William Deakin, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Commodore [George] Gordon Allen, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], Sir Norman Brook [later Lord Normanbrook] and Charles Wood.With notes by Kelly, on the operational use of the atomic bomb and on warnings to Japanese cities before the dropping of the atomic bomb...
Dates: Jun 1951 - Sep 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: typescript proofs and draft copies of the "Secret Session Speeches" containing WSC's speeches: "Britain Fights Alone" (20 June 1940), "Parliament in the Air Raids" (17 September 1940), "The Battle of the Atlantic" (25 June 1941), "The Fall of Singapore" (23 April 1942), and "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the North African landings" (10 December 1942), with minor annotations by individuals including WSC and ?Charles Eade., Jan 1946 - Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/70A-B
Scope and Contents

Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretary Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow].Other subjects include: Dutch serialisation rights.Also includes: a note from Martin Gilbert (1963); details of word counts for speeches; cuttings from Life magazine serialisation; copies of Ons Vrije Nederland [Dutch magazine] containing the speeches.WSC's notes and source material for these speeches can be found in files CHAR 9/140-1, 147, 156, 174, 179, 184 and 187.

Dates: Jan 1946 - Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1940-42: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1946 - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/250A-B
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1946 - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1941-42: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1947 - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/251
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1947 - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1942-46: proofs and copies of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1946 - 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/252A-B
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1946 - 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, N-Q., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/445
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Philip Noel-Baker on overcoming difficulties; Erik Colban, Norwegian Ambassador to the United Kingdom, and Sir [David] Ross, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, sending on books; Ivor Novello and Sir John Ponsonby on obtaining WSC's autograph; Margot, [Lady] Oxford [and Asquith, earlier Margot Asquith] on the state of the war (2); Sir Earle Page on flowers sent by WSC and CSC; William Paley on "short snorters" and seeing WSC when he was in England; Gladys, Lady...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence H-Z., Jul 1945 - Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/2
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Quintin Hogg [later Lord Hailsham of Marylebone]; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (7); Sir George Harvie Watt (3); Leslie Hore Belisha on joining the Conservative Party; Pierson Dixon [Principal Private Secretary to the Foreign Secretary]; Ernest Bevin [Foreign Secretary] on British-United States relations (2); Ralph Assheton [later 1st Lord Clitheroe, Chairman of the Conservative Party] (4); Richard Law [later 1st Lord Coleraine]; Alan Lennox-Boyd [later 1st...
Dates: Jul 1945 - Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents)., Feb 1941 - Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/7A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Baronessa Bettina de Malfatti on Italian royal affairs (2); 1st Lord Marchwood [earlier Frederick Penny] resigning as Honorary Treasurer of the Conservative Party; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] (5) and Marjorie Maxse, Vice-Chairmen of Conservative and Unionist Party; Duncan Sandys on "Maycrete" houses; "Scribe", 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Prime Minister Clement Attlee], Sir Herbert Williams, and...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - G., 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/169
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade; Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) on subjects including his intention to divorce Beatrice Eden; Nicholas Eden [later 2nd Lord Avon]; [2nd] Lord Beatty (2) and Walter Monckton (4) on the affair between Beatty's wife [Dorothy, Lady Beatty, earlier Dorothy Bragg, later Dorothy Hewitt] and [Anthony Eden] and the possibility of divorce; Leif Egeland [High Commissioner in London for South Africa] on the illness of Jan Smuts [former Prime Minister of...
Dates: 04 Jun 1946 - 17 Nov 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - M., 09 Feb 1944 - 02 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/141A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden on not accepting the order of the garter, building up the Conservative Front Bench and broadening the party's appeal (2); Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe] on finding United States accommodation for WSC on the Riviera [France] and on a statement concerning the crisis in January 1945 over pulling troops out of Alsace (3); Frank Cook [Charge d'Affaires, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia] on the gift of a picture from...
Dates: 09 Feb 1944 - 02 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence I - K., 26 Nov 1945 - 08 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/151
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ismet Inonu [President of Turkey]; Seyed Taqizadeh [Iranian Ambassador to Britain]; Sir Hastings Ismay [Additional Secretary (Military) to Cabinet] on mementoes of WSC for the Imperial War Museum and notes for ["The Second World War"] (5); Anthony Nutting on the Italian Ambassador to Britain, Duke Tommaso Gallarati-Scotti; Count Nicola Carandini, Italian Ambassador to Britain; Louis Jacquinot, French Minister of Navy, on a memorial to the Free French; Vice-Admiral...
Dates: 26 Nov 1945 - 08 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence N - Z., 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/142
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Jooda Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Nepal, on WSC's illness and his own abdication (2); Basil Neven- Spence; Hubert Pierlot [Senator of Belgium] on WSC's visit to Belgium; Harold Nicolson on reactions in the army to WSC's loss of the General election, and on WSC's example to new MPs; Dr Berggrav, Bishop of Oslo; George Bell, Bishop of Chichester, on Berggrav's visit; Ridley Pakenham-Walsh [former literary assistant to WSC]; John Winant [United States...
Dates: 20 Jan 1940 - 07 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) E - G., May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/226
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: General Ira Eaker, Deputy Commander, United States Army Air Forces (2); Dwight Eisenhower on subjects including the death of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to Franklin Roosevelt], and histories of the Second World War (5); Harry Butcher, former naval aide to Eisenhower, on publishing his diaries; J C Thomson [British Consul, Miami] (3); Sir Francis Evans [British Consul-General, New York]; Clarence Streit, President, Federal Union; Millard...
Dates: May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons., 20 Jan 1942 - 24 Feb 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/154A-B
Scope and Contents Cutting from "Hansard", statement on the death of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, 20 Jan 1942 Published Complete Speeches VI, pp.6552-53.Typescript speaking notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], and extract from "Hansard" for speech on the War Situation, [in Vote of Confidence Debate], particularly on North Africa and the Far East 27 Jan 1942 [with covering note stating that the speaking notes were "far from being correct"] Published Complete Speeches VI,...
Dates: 20 Jan 1942 - 24 Feb 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/156
Scope and Contents Typescript speech notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], extract from Hansard and cutting from the Times, for WSC's speech (8 Sept 1942) entitled "The War Situation" on subjects including success in Vote of Censure debate, success of Malta convoy, the Dieppe [France] Raid, the war in the Pacific, the bombing campaign againt Germany, the Battle of the Atlantic, the condition of the Eighth Army in the Western Desert, and the appointment of Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/159
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC], "Hansard" and press cuttings for WSC's speech (11 Feb 1943) on the War Situation, including the Casablanca Conference, the Battle of the Atlantic, War in the Far East, North Africa, (praising General Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander, Eighth Army]). Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6742 - 55.Extract from "Hansard" on WSC's short statement (24 Mar 1943) on the Tunisian Campaign. Published: Complete Speeches VII, p...
Dates: 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/184A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 April) in secret session on the war situation including: Japan's entry into the war; setbacks including battleship losses; defence of the Admiralty over the escape of the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau; events and operations in the Far East, the Middle East and the Soviet Union; air battles including the bombing of Germany; and aircraft and ship production. Also includes correspondence from: Maurice Dean [Assistant Under Secretary of State,...
Dates: 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/186A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 September) on the war situation including: his position as Prime Minister; the success of getting supplies to Malta; successes of United States and Australian troops against Japan in Pacific; the U Boat war; the United States mission of Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt], General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] and Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] to Great Britain; WSC's...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/192A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 July) on the fall of Mussolini including an assessment of his regime and the principles to be used in negotiations with Italy; and also on events and operations in the Soviet Union and the bombing of Germany. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; Francis Keenlyside [Assistant Secretary in charge of Shipping Policy]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet]; and...
Dates: 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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