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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 73 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Comments by Sir Norman Brook., 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/193
Scope and Contents Includes notes by Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] on Volume 2, on subjects including: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Chapter 16 "The...
Dates: 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/196A-C
Scope and Contents Includes notes and comments by Pownall on subjects including: factual and printing errors throughout Volume 2; the build-up to the German attack on the Soviet Union; the build-up to "Dynamo" [codename for the evacuation of Allied forces from Dunkirk, France]; the British Expedition Force; the meeting between 6th Lord Gort [Commander-in-Chief of British Field Force, earlier John Vereker] and General Maxime Weygand [Commander-in-Chief, French Army], May 1940; British casualties; the defence of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1941 - 16 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Preface and Contents Tables., 21 Jan 1948 - 18 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/146
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the prefaces, acknowledgements and tables of contents (with indications of the number of words in each chapter) and galley proofs of Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain". Also includes notes and annotations by individuals including WSC, William Deakin, Denis Kelly, Charles Wood, CSC and Elizabeth Gilliatt and Chips Gemmell, WSC's secretaries.Also includes: galley proofs of the prefaces to volumes 3 - 6; a map showing the Allied and German armies in...
Dates: 21 Jan 1948 - 18 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": 'Superseded' proofs., 01 Mar 1948 - 27 Aug 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/186
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: Chapter 12 "The Apparatus of Counter-Attack. 1940"; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 27 [Benito] "Mussolini Attacks Greece"; Chapter 28 "Lend-Lease"; Chapter 30 "Ocean Peril" (provisionally...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 27 Aug 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various comments., 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/197A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence on research and corrections for Volume 2 from individuals including: Daniel Longwell [Editor of Life Magazine]; Professor Albert Goodwin [former Staff Officer, Air Ministry War Room, and member of Historical Branch, Air Ministry] on the Blitz, and WSC's chapters on the Blitz and Battle of Britain (includes comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall); George [Gordon] Allen on Operation "Sea Lion" [codename for planned German invasion of Britain], with...
Dates: 13 Jan 1945 - 15 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Various material., 22 May 1940 - 15 Jan 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/198
Scope and Contents Includes: extracts from the Belgian press on the surrender of Belgium in 1940, with comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; issue of the Air Ministry pamphlet "The Battle of Britain"; typescript draft of Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain" annotated by WSC, Denis Kelly and [?] Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park [former Commander of No 11 Fighter Group]; supplements to the London Gazette on the Battle of Britain and the evacuation from Dunkirk [France], containing despatches from Air...
Dates: 22 May 1940 - 15 Jan 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance": Chapter 3 "Blitz and Anti-Blitz. Hess"., 08 Jul 1947 - 30 Jun 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/205A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 3 entitled "Blitz and Anti-Blitz. [Rudolf] Hess" (provisionally entitled "Blitz and Radar. 1941", "The Blitz and Radio War. 1941" and "The Air and the U-boats"), annotated with notes and comments from various individuals including: WSC, Denis Kelly, Charles Wood, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], Professor R V Jones, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Jay Gold, CSC, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the...
Dates: 08 Jul 1947 - 30 Jun 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", miscellaneous., May 1948 - Mar 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/251A-D
Scope and Contents Includes research notes and correspondence on suggested amendments, corrections and facts for Volume 3 of "The Second World War". Correspondents include: Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including official telegrams and operations in East Africa (15); Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] (5); [George] Gordon Allen (9); [Sir Claude Auchinleck] objecting to WSC's portrayal of events at Tobruk [Libya]; William Deakin (3); Denis Kelly (9); Nina...
Dates: May 1948 - Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", various material., Jul 1939 - Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/248
Scope and Contents Includes source material for Volume 3 of "The Second World War" including: correspondence from [George] Gordon Allen, William Deakin, Ian Montgomery [Private Secretary to Secretary of the Treasury], Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Alfred Bavin of the Cabinet Office, and "Pug" [1st Lord Ismay]; notes and transcripts of telegrams on the occupation of France, Operation "Menace" [the code name for the Anglo Free French mission to Dakar, Senegal] and the passage of French cruisers through...
Dates: Jul 1939 - Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: typescript proofs and draft copies of the "Secret Session Speeches" containing WSC's speeches: "Britain Fights Alone" (20 June 1940), "Parliament in the Air Raids" (17 September 1940), "The Battle of the Atlantic" (25 June 1941), "The Fall of Singapore" (23 April 1942), and "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the North African landings" (10 December 1942), with minor annotations by individuals including WSC and ?Charles Eade., Jan 1946 - Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/70A-B
Scope and Contents

Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretary Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow].Other subjects include: Dutch serialisation rights.Also includes: a note from Martin Gilbert (1963); details of word counts for speeches; cuttings from Life magazine serialisation; copies of Ons Vrije Nederland [Dutch magazine] containing the speeches.WSC's notes and source material for these speeches can be found in files CHAR 9/140-1, 147, 156, 174, 179, 184 and 187.

Dates: Jan 1946 - Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: Air Operations in Britain and North-West Europe, 1940-45: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., Jun 1946 - Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/245
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1940-42: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1946 - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/250A-B
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1946 - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1941-42: proofs of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1947 - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/251
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1947 - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: miscellaneous correspondence., Mar 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/415
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Queen Mary asking WSC to autograph a photograph; [6th] Lord Hood [Private Secretary to the Minister of Information] on supplying a F Hourani with information on WSC's ancestor Colonel Charles Churchill; [Emmanuel] Tsouderos, Prime Minister of Greece, and James Gardiner, Canadian Minister of Agriculture, sending Christmas and New Year greetings. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Prime Minister's Private Secretaries "J R C" [John Colville], "E M W"...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1941 - Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/417
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [4th] Lord Camden [John Pratt] on rationing on the Riviera, France; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] (2); [Arnold] Heeney, Clerk of the Privy Council, Canada, on the Privy Council oath; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin] and "B B" [Brendan Bracken, Prime Minister's Parliamentary Private Secretary] on the death of Ronald Cartland; Freda, Marquesa de Casa Maury [earlier Freda Dudley Ward], on a "health-giving lamp" and the Feathers Club (2); Robert...
Dates: Jan 1941 - Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence E - M., 09 Feb 1944 - 02 Jan 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/141A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden on not accepting the order of the garter, building up the Conservative Front Bench and broadening the party's appeal (2); Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force in Western Europe] on finding United States accommodation for WSC on the Riviera [France] and on a statement concerning the crisis in January 1945 over pulling troops out of Alsace (3); Frank Cook [Charge d'Affaires, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia] on the gift of a picture from...
Dates: 09 Feb 1944 - 02 Jan 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Various: "I guarded Winston" by Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson: typescript., 1939 - 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/494A-B
Scope and Contents Includes a typescript of Ex-Inspector Walter Thompson's book about his experiences working for WSC between 1939 and 1945 covering subjects and events including: WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty and as Prime Minister; WSC's visits to Chequers [Buckinghamshire]; WSC's habits including methods of working and writing speeches; WSC's illnesses during the war; wartime events including the Battle of Britain, the Atlantic Charter, WSC's visits to Washington [United States] and Moscow [Soviet...
Dates: 1939 - 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Various: "I worked for Mr Churchill" by Elizabeth Layton, typescript., 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/498A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript proofs of a book by Elizabeth Layton [later Elizabeth Nel] published as "Mr Churchill's Secretary" sent for WSC's approval. The book covers her experiences working for WSC between 1941 and 1945 and subjects and events including: WSC's work habits and methods of writing speeches; his personal health during the war; wartime events including the blitz and VE Day; visits to Washington [United States], Quebec [Canada], Cairo [Egypt], Teheran [Iran], Moscow; 10 Downing Street,...
Dates: 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/172
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender". Source material...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.