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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 95 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/107A-B
Scope and Contents Source material includes a government memorandum for the Disarmament Conference [Geneva, Switzerland].Brief notes for WSC's speech (7 February) against disarmament and on Britain's defence needs, which includes the phrase "We are vulnerable as we have never been before". Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5321-6.Notes for WSC's speech (6 March) on the army estimates and India. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5329-35.Notes for WSC's speech (8...
Dates: 29 Jan 1934 - 23 Apr 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 13 Jun 1934 - Dec 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/108A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (13 June) on the Committee of Privileges' report into allegations concerning the Secretary of State for India [Sir Samuel Hoare, later 1st Lord Templewood] and 17th Lord Derby [Member of the Joint Select Committee on the Indian Constitution]. Also includes copies of Hansard containing speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5359-73.Brief notes for WSC's speech (13 July) on the League of Nations and disarmament. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5377-81.Notes for...
Dates: 13 Jun 1934 - Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/112A-B
Scope and Contents WSC's notes for the defence debate (11 March) on defence spending and German military strength.Notes for WSC's speech (19 March) on the relative strengths of the German and British air forces, questioning figures previously quoted by Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin]. Source material includes cuttings from the Daily Telegraph. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5543-51.Notes for WSC's speech (2 May) on foreign policy, the Stresa [Italy] conference, the German threat in Europe,...
Dates: 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/113
Scope and Contents Brief notes for WSC's speech (22 May) on a speech by Adolf Hitler, and comparing German and British military strength. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5610-7.Rough notes for WSC's speech (31 May) entitled "Deepening and Darkening Danger" on Germany's threat and influence in Europe. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5624-7.Notes for WSC's speech (5 June) on his continued doubts about the Government of India Bill, the role of the Indian Princes and Civil Service in the scheme, and...
Dates: 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 18 Dec 1935 - 10 Mar 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/116
Scope and Contents Brief notes for an unused speech by WSC on the Lancashire Cotton Industry. Source material includes: correspondence from James Watts (enclosing the text of a speech by him), William Wiggins, President of the Federation of Master Cotton Spinners' Association Limited, the clerks of several Lancashire councils, and MPs opposing the bill; "Some thoughts on the Cotton Bill" by Watts; "The Case Against the Measure" and other material from the Cotton Spinning Industry Bill Opposition Committee;...
Dates: 18 Dec 1935 - 10 Mar 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/117
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (16 March) on British naval strength in relation to the United States and Japan, and on building new ships. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5705-13.Brief notes for WSC's speech (26 March) on foreign policy, a speech by the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon], German successes, including the reoccupation of the Rhineland [Germany], sanctions against Italy over its invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Published: Complete...
Dates: 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 04 May 1936 - 20 Jul 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/118
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (4 May) on navy estimates and the position of the Fleet Air Arm. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5734-45.Source material for WSC's speech (?15 May) on the Coal Mines Bill. Includes correspondence from Frederick Leathers, Sir Samuel Instone, and other interested parties; objections from the Mining Association; later file note indicating the removal of material; copy of the bill.Notes for WSC's speech (21 May) on the Minister for Co-ordination of Defence [Sir Thomas...
Dates: 04 May 1936 - 20 Jul 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 28 Jul 1936 - 10 Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/119A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speeches (28 and 29 July, Secret Defence Deputation to the Prime Minister [Stanley Baldwin]) on the relative strengths of the British and German air forces, the war making capacity of British and German industry, British air training facilities, and German power to bomb British cities.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on supporting the League of Nations, collective security, and policy towards Germany and Italy. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5800-4.Notes for WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1936 - 10 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/135A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for an unused speech by WSC (prepared for 8 May) on conscription and the Military Training Bill.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May) on relations with the Soviet Union and Poland, and the effect of an agreement with the Soviet Union on relations with other European nations. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6117-23.Notes for WSC's speech (23 May) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]....
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Miscellaneous speech notes., [1933] - [1935]

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/92
Scope and Contents

Speech notes for WSC's speeches, including (29 March 1933, House of Commons), on India. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5241 - 5256.Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November 1933, House of Commons), on Socialism in the Armed Forces.Speech notes on air parity with Germany.Also includes: a list of votes of censure, 1931 - 1935.

Dates: [1933] - [1935]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Jan 1956 - 28 Nov 1956

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/60A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 January, London), entitled "The Benjamin Franklin Medal", on the value of receiving the award because of WSC's American blood and because of Franklin's work to preserve unity between the United States and Britain, and on the task of maintaining that unity in the future. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII p 8671.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (31 March, Roquebrune, Cap Martin [France]) upon receiving honorary citizenship of Roquebrune, on...
Dates: 11 Jan 1956 - 28 Nov 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and typescript., 15 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1918

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/56
Scope and Contents Speech by WSC (15 January, Conference of Munitions Inspection Department, Institute of Civil Engineers) congratulating the department on its work.Speech by WSC (27 June, Mansion House, London) entitled "Greece and the War" on the 1st anniversary of Greece's entry into the war, in tribute to the Greek Prime Minister, Eleutherios Venizelos, and on the progress of the war. Published: Complete Speeches III pp 2611 - 2613 (part).Speech notes for WSC's speech and proofs of the speeches (4 July,...
Dates: 15 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1918
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 20 Apr 1946 - 21 Sep 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/8A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (1 August, House of Commons) on Palestine on subjects including: his conviction that there should be a Jewish national home in Palestine; the success which followed the 1922 [Balfour] declaration; the opinions of T E Lawrence [T E Shaw, "Lawrence of Arabia"] about the treatment of the Arabs; the repatriation of the Jews in Europe; and the decision by the United States not to support Zionism policy. Source material includes: an extract from a...
Dates: 20 Apr 1946 - 21 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 31 Mar 1947 - 17 May 1947

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/12A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (18 April, Albert Hall, London) to a meeting of the Primrose League entitled "Empire and Freedom" including: the diminishing British empire; Lord Randolph Churchill's role in founding the Primrose League; criticism of the spending of a loan from the United States; party politics and support for the United Nations. Also includes press cuttings about the speech and notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp...
Dates: 31 Mar 1947 - 17 May 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/21A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 October, Annual Conservative Party Conference, Llandudno, Wales) entitled "Perils abroad and at home" on subjects including: the recovery of the Conservative Party since 1945; the part played by Wales in British affairs; relations with the Soviet Union and the likelihood of a third world war; the degeneration of the United Nations; the importance of nuclear weapons belonging to the United States in countering the threat posed by the Soviet Union; the...
Dates: 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/26A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 June, Kensington Town Hall [London]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Kensington including: his memories and experience of Kensington; its history and contribution during World War II and his descent from John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7824-5 (part).Brief manuscript notes for WSC's speech (26 June, Savoy Hotel [London]) at the 1922 Committee Luncheon.Speech notes for WSC's speech (5 July, Sikorski Institute,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/31A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (4 February, Town Hall, Leeds [Yorkshire]) including: criticism of the Labour government's economic policy and manifesto; party politics and the numbers of candidates fielded by the Liberal Party; quotes by [Clement] Attlee [Prime Minister] on socialism; the rejection of socialism in Canada, Australia and New Zealand; nationalisation and its effect on the coal industry; the planned nationalisation of the steel industry; the continuation of rationing;...
Dates: 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/131
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (24 February, Constitutional Club [London]) on Anthony Eden's [later 1st Lord Avon] resignation as Foreign Secretary, foreign policy particularly concerning Italy, and British rearmament. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5917-20.Notes for WSC's speech (6 April, Guildhall [London], National Council of Girls' Clubs benefit dinner) on the changing status of women in work and at leisure. Also includes...
Dates: 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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