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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 78 Collections and/or Records:

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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/112A-B
Scope and Contents WSC's notes for the defence debate (11 March) on defence spending and German military strength.Notes for WSC's speech (19 March) on the relative strengths of the German and British air forces, questioning figures previously quoted by Lord President of the Council [Stanley Baldwin]. Source material includes cuttings from the Daily Telegraph. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5543-51.Notes for WSC's speech (2 May) on foreign policy, the Stresa [Italy] conference, the German threat in Europe,...
Dates: 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/113
Scope and Contents Brief notes for WSC's speech (22 May) on a speech by Adolf Hitler, and comparing German and British military strength. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5610-7.Rough notes for WSC's speech (31 May) entitled "Deepening and Darkening Danger" on Germany's threat and influence in Europe. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5624-7.Notes for WSC's speech (5 June) on his continued doubts about the Government of India Bill, the role of the Indian Princes and Civil Service in the scheme, and...
Dates: 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 18 Dec 1935 - 10 Mar 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/116
Scope and Contents Brief notes for an unused speech by WSC on the Lancashire Cotton Industry. Source material includes: correspondence from James Watts (enclosing the text of a speech by him), William Wiggins, President of the Federation of Master Cotton Spinners' Association Limited, the clerks of several Lancashire councils, and MPs opposing the bill; "Some thoughts on the Cotton Bill" by Watts; "The Case Against the Measure" and other material from the Cotton Spinning Industry Bill Opposition Committee;...
Dates: 18 Dec 1935 - 10 Mar 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/117
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (16 March) on British naval strength in relation to the United States and Japan, and on building new ships. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5705-13.Brief notes for WSC's speech (26 March) on foreign policy, a speech by the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon], German successes, including the reoccupation of the Rhineland [Germany], sanctions against Italy over its invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Published: Complete...
Dates: 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/135A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for an unused speech by WSC (prepared for 8 May) on conscription and the Military Training Bill.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May) on relations with the Soviet Union and Poland, and the effect of an agreement with the Soviet Union on relations with other European nations. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6117-23.Notes for WSC's speech (23 May) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]....
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/26A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 June, Kensington Town Hall [London]) on receiving the freedom of the Borough of Kensington including: his memories and experience of Kensington; its history and contribution during World War II and his descent from John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7824-5 (part).Brief manuscript notes for WSC's speech (26 June, Savoy Hotel [London]) at the 1922 Committee Luncheon.Speech notes for WSC's speech (5 July, Sikorski Institute,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1949 - 17 Aug 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/131
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (24 February, Constitutional Club [London]) on Anthony Eden's [later 1st Lord Avon] resignation as Foreign Secretary, foreign policy particularly concerning Italy, and British rearmament. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5917-20.Notes for WSC's speech (6 April, Guildhall [London], National Council of Girls' Clubs benefit dinner) on the changing status of women in work and at leisure. Also includes...
Dates: 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/132
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, Royal Forest Hotel, Chingford [Essex]) on international affairs and collective security, particularly the Sudeten problem in Czechoslovakia [later Czech Republic and Slovakia]. Also includes cutting from the Chingford Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5965-6.Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Sheffield [Yorkshire] City Hall) on the German threat to Czechoslovakia and inadequacies in the British rearmament programme. Also...
Dates: 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/137
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (3 June, Woodford Wells and Wanstead [Essex]) on the Thetis submarine disaster, maintaining a strong policy against Germany, and Czech gold. Also includes cutting from the Walthamstow [Essex] Guardian reporting WSC's speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6138-9.Notes for WSC's speech (19 May, Corn Exchange, Cambridge) entitled "The new army" on the Conscription Act and uniting against the Nazi and Fascist powers both domestically and internationally. Also...
Dates: 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/150A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9. Various cuttings reporting WSC's speech (17 January, Glasgow [Scotland])...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Mar 1936 - 23 Jul 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/120
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 March, Birmingham, Jewellers' Association Annual Dinner) on the German reoccupation of the Rhineland [Germany], the French reaction, and the Treaty of Locarno [Switzerland]. Also includes cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech and one by Sir Austen Chamberlain. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5704-5.Notes for WSC's speech (8 May, Chingford [Essex]) on the Abyssinian [Ethiopia] crisis, sanctions against Italy, and the role of the League of Nations....
Dates: 14 Mar 1936 - 23 Jul 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and other material [dated 1939 unless otherwise indicated]., [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/136
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (23 May, House of Commons) on his objections to the White Paper on Palestine, and the legacy of the Balfour declaration [supporting a Jewish national home in Palestine]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6128-37 [further notes in CHAR 9/135].Typed report of WSC's speech (1 February, Buckhurst Hill [Essex]) on Germany, the international situation, and civil defence. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6063-4.Typed report of WSC's speech (10 March, Chigwell [Essex])...
Dates: [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 28 Oct 1938 - 11 Dec 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/133
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (25 November, Harlow [Essex]) on his position as constituency MP, British rearmament, and the international situation. Source material includes a letter on local opposition to WSC. Also includes a photograph of a painting of Lord Randolph Churchill and a cutting from the Times reporting WSC's speech [see also CHAR 9/130C for further notes for the speech]. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6039-41.Notes for WSC's toast to the Duke of Kent (?28 October, [Merchant...
Dates: 28 Oct 1938 - 11 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/151
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May, BBC) to the Polish people on 150th anniversary of the Polish Constitution, commenting on the attack on Poland by Germany, Polish resistance, and praise for Poles in exile in Britain. Also includes cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's speech entitled "Poland will remain unconquerable". Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29 May, broadcast 2 June) to the people of Canada, on Canada's support in the...
Dates: 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/106
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 July, Clarke Hall Fellowship address) on Sir William Hall and penal reform.Rough notes for WSC's speech (7 July, Epping [Essex]) on the India White Paper. Source material includes notes for WSC's speech (24 June, Gloucester) on subjects including the National Government and the economy. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5279-80.Notes for WSC's speech (12 August, Theydon Bois [Essex]) entitled "Europe's hour of danger" on subjects including the National...
Dates: 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/111
Scope and Contents Notes and draft press statement for WSC's speech (1 November, Woodford Bridge [Essex], Constituency meeting) on subjects including the need for Conservatives to be ready for the next general election, the National government, India and air defence against Germany. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5389-90.Notes and drafts for WSC's speech (16 November, BBC broadcast) entitled "The Causes of War" on German domestic policy, and the German threat to Europe and Britain. Also includes galley...
Dates: 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/115A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 March, Albert Hall, London, India Defence League Demonstration) entitled "Dead as Mutton" on the Government of India bill and his misgivings about the National Government. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5557-8.Notes for WSC's speech (26 September, City Carlton Club Luncheon, London) on German rearmament, Italian designs in Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Also includes: letter of support from Sir Austen Chamberlain. Published: Complete...
Dates: 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/121
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (24 September, [Theatre des Ambassaduers] Paris [France]) on the democracies, Nazism and Bolshevism, the need for Franco-British co-operation, and support for the League of Nations. Part published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5788-90.Notes for WSC's speech (3 October, Oxford High School, memorial unveiling ceremony) on the career and writings of Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]. Also includes cutting from the Times containing the text of WSC's speech, and...
Dates: 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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