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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 48 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Press cuttings etc., 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/355
Scope and Contents Press cuttings from British and American newspapers, with reports of statements, speeches and letters by individuals including: Sir Samuel Hoare [later 1st Lord Templewood], Home Secretary, on the need for ARP training; Sir Thomas Inskip [later 1st Lord Caldecote], Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, on aircraft production, particularly by "shadow" car factories; Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] on progress in rearmament and a call for national unity, including a transcript of his...
Dates: 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speech notes: House of Commons., 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/6A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (5 June 1946, House of Commons) on foreign affairs on various subjects including: the cold war and the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; Communism; the report of the Trade Union delegation to Athens [Greece] and the elections held there; affairs and events in Spain, Italy, Germany, France and Poland; a broadcast delivered by Field Marshal Jan Smuts; reconstruction in Belgium and the Netherlands; and the United Nations. Source...
Dates: 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/53A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (1 February, House of Commons) entitled "Adoption of a New Army Rifle", on the difficult transition period between research and mass production of a new weapon, the .280 rifle, the importance of standardization of armaments among the members of NATO, the results of the Labour Government's choice of different ammunition from the rest of NATO, and the new agreement on a common ammunition, choosing a Belgian rifle over the British make, and...
Dates: 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war. Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes., 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/124
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (1 June) on the finance bill, taxation, and objecting to the method of raising the proposed National Defence Contribution. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5857-67.Notes for WSC's speech (15 July) supporting the government and objecting to the opposition motion of censure on non-intervention in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5870-4.Notes for WSC's speech (19 July) expressing his concern about the mounting of heavy howitzer cannons near Gibraltar,...
Dates: 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/174A-C
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (5 September) on the war situation and an agreement with the United States over destroyers and defence bases, events in Romania, the achievements of the RAF, damage through bombing and the insurance scheme, evacuation, air raid warnings and other Home Front issues. Source material includes: notes and correspondence from Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Vice-Chief of Air Staff], Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook] (2), Arthur Cary [Assistant Principal, Air Ministry] (4),...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/103
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) entitled "Broadcasting and political controversy" on the reporting of political affairs and the BBC. Source material includes minutes of a meeting of the Doran Committee on the BBC. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5221-4.Rough notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on air estimates, criticising the disarmament conference at Geneva [Switzerland] and arguing for a strong British air force. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 5229-34.Notes for WSC's speech (22...
Dates: 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/117
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (16 March) on British naval strength in relation to the United States and Japan, and on building new ships. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5705-13.Brief notes for WSC's speech (26 March) on foreign policy, a speech by the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon], German successes, including the reoccupation of the Rhineland [Germany], sanctions against Italy over its invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia], and the League of Nations. Published: Complete...
Dates: 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Jan 1956 - 28 Nov 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/60A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 January, London), entitled "The Benjamin Franklin Medal", on the value of receiving the award because of WSC's American blood and because of Franklin's work to preserve unity between the United States and Britain, and on the task of maintaining that unity in the future. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII p 8671.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (31 March, Roquebrune, Cap Martin [France]) upon receiving honorary citizenship of Roquebrune, on...
Dates: 11 Jan 1956 - 28 Nov 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 31 Mar 1947 - 17 May 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/12A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (18 April, Albert Hall, London) to a meeting of the Primrose League entitled "Empire and Freedom" including: the diminishing British empire; Lord Randolph Churchill's role in founding the Primrose League; criticism of the spending of a loan from the United States; party politics and support for the United Nations. Also includes press cuttings about the speech and notes from Elizabeth Gilliatt [Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp...
Dates: 31 Mar 1947 - 17 May 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/16A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (23 January 1948, House of Commons) on the foreign affairs debate including: support for the Labour government's foreign policy; affairs and events in various countries including Greece, Italy and the United States; his predictions of the Cold war in his Fulton speech ["The Sinews of Peace" see CHUR 5/4A-B] and the need for reconciliation between France and Germany at Zurich ["The Tragedy of Europe", see CHUR 5/8]; criticism of a speech by Herbert Morrison, Lord...
Dates: Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/21A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 October, Annual Conservative Party Conference, Llandudno, Wales) entitled "Perils abroad and at home" on subjects including: the recovery of the Conservative Party since 1945; the part played by Wales in British affairs; relations with the Soviet Union and the likelihood of a third world war; the degeneration of the United Nations; the importance of nuclear weapons belonging to the United States in countering the threat posed by the Soviet Union; the...
Dates: 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/22A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (12 November 1948, Westminster Abbey) at the unveiling of a memorial to President Franklin Roosevelt in which WSC pays tribute to Roosevelt. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 7730-31.Speech notes for WSC's speech (16 November 1948, House of Commons) entitled "The Iron and Steel Bill" on the nationalisation of the steel industry including: the contrast between unemployment after World War I and full employment after World War II; a loan from the United States...
Dates: 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/28A-B
Scope and Contents Brief manuscript notes for and transcript of WSC's speech of thanks (2 November 1949, Grosvenor House, Park Lane [London]) entitled "Riches of English Literature" on receiving the Sunday Times book prize including: the importance of the Sunday Times, of the English language and of reading; his experiences as a writer; and communications and television. Source material includes: notes from "Jo" [Sturdee, later Lady Onslow, Secretary to WSC]; correspondence from Lionel Berry [later 2nd Lord...
Dates: 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes., 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/31A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (4 February, Town Hall, Leeds [Yorkshire]) including: criticism of the Labour government's economic policy and manifesto; party politics and the numbers of candidates fielded by the Liberal Party; quotes by [Clement] Attlee [Prime Minister] on socialism; the rejection of socialism in Canada, Australia and New Zealand; nationalisation and its effect on the coal industry; the planned nationalisation of the steel industry; the continuation of rationing;...
Dates: 04 Feb 1950 - 09 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and source material., 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/106
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (12 July, Clarke Hall Fellowship address) on Sir William Hall and penal reform.Rough notes for WSC's speech (7 July, Epping [Essex]) on the India White Paper. Source material includes notes for WSC's speech (24 June, Gloucester) on subjects including the National Government and the economy. Part published: Complete Speeches V pp 5279-80.Notes for WSC's speech (12 August, Theydon Bois [Essex]) entitled "Europe's hour of danger" on subjects including the National...
Dates: 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Fonds

The Papers of Sir Winston Churchill

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR and CHUR
Scope and Contents The papers consist of original documents accumulated by Sir Winston Churchill throughout his life (1874-1965). They have been divided into two sections: the Chartwell Papers (CHAR) and the Churchill Papers (CHUR). Together, the two sets of papers cover the following major areas: Personal (CHAR 1 and CHUR 1), 1884-1965 The papers of Churchill as a private person. They include correspondence with or about his family and friends on non-public topics and papers relating to...
Dates: The majority of files date from the 1870s to 1965.
Conditions Governing Access: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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