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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 139 Collections and/or Records:

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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence S - Z., 17 Jul 1947 - 12 Oct 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/165
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frank Salisbury on his portraits of WSC; "Bobbety", 5th Lord Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne] on subjects including economic relations with Ireland (3); "Betty", Elizabeth, Lady Salisbury [earlier Elizabeth, Lady Cranborne]; Reginald Maudling, asking WSC to meet his future constituency officers for Barnet [Hertfordshire]; Hilary St George Saunders, Librarian, House of Commons, on subjects including his history of the Commandos ["The Green Beret"] and using documents...
Dates: 17 Jul 1947 - 12 Oct 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Su - Th., 17 Jan 1951 - 29 Oct 1960

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/200
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Charles Taylor (2); Arthur Sulzberger, publisher, New York Times, on subjects including gifts and greetings between himself and WSC (10); Drew Middleton, Chief Correspondent, New York Times; Jean Kirkbride, Sulzberger's secretary (5); 5th Duke of Sutherland [earlier Lord Stafford] (2); Millicent, Duchess of Sutherland (6); King Gustaf Adolf of Sweden on "Triumph and Tragedy", volume 6 of "The Second World War" (2); 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Philip Lloyd-Greame and...
Dates: 17 Jan 1951 - 29 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Royal Navy and Fleet Air Arm., 11 Feb 1936 - 21 Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/272
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Lloyd [of Dolobran, President of the Navy League] on WSC speaking to the League (2); Sir John Thornycroft [President and Director, J I Thornycroft and Company Limited] on his firm's designs for an aircraft carrier and anti-submarine craft and cuts in the shipbuilding industry (with a description of the anti-submarine craft); Maitland Boucher [former member of the Naval Air Division] on meeting WSC about the Fleet Air Arm (3); Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald...
Dates: 11 Feb 1936 - 21 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: The New Commonwealth., 15 Dec 1935 - 30 Jul 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/284
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Davies [Chairman, New Commonwealth Society] on subjects including WSC's speeches, his advocacy of an international police force, the shortcomings of the League of Nations, the aims of the New Commonwealth Society and their similarity to WSC's, inviting WSC to be President of the society, the Peace Society, the ultimate aim of building up an international air force, and reducing the air strength of individual nations, and the British contribution to the League...
Dates: 15 Dec 1935 - 30 Jul 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: The New Commonwealth., 01 Aug 1936 - 22 Dec 1936

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/285
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Davies, Chairman, New Commonwealth Society, on subjects including WSC's importance as a leader for a federal Europe, maintaining impartiality between France and Germany, the need to treat Germany as a potential member of a European Confederation, a possible British and European federal campaign for WSC, suggesting that he should speak for the society in Germany, bringing Sir Abe Bailey into the society, WSC's speeches for the society, keeping up the German...
Dates: 01 Aug 1936 - 22 Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, Hansard and source material., 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/55A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (12 July, House of Commons) entitled "Visit to the United States and Canada" on subjects including: WSC's concern at the lack of information given by the United States on their hydrogen bomb tests; his visit with Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, for personal talks with Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States; hopes for more open relations in future; his reception in Canada; Britain's common aims with the...
Dates: 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war. Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/134A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (21 February) on the defence loan, aircraft production, delays in rearmament, creating a Ministry of Supply, co-operation with France, and mobilisation in the event of a war. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6064-71.Notes for WSC's speech (14 March) on the army estimates, German war preparedness, arming the territorial army, and numbers assigned for possible overseas service. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard....
Dates: 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road [between Burma, later Myanmar, and China] and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation,...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland [Ireland]) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/123
Scope and Contents Rough notes for WSC's speech (27 January) on air defence, comparing British and German air strength. Source material includes copy of Hansard for 12 November 1936 containing WSC's speech ["The locust years"]. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5825-7.Notes for WSC's speech (4 March) on the defence loan bill, praising its long term nature, but expressing concern over Britain's defences in the immediate future. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5830-5.Notes for WSC's speech (11 March)...
Dates: 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 22 Feb 1938 - 24 Mar 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/128
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (22 February) on [Anthony] Eden's [later 1st Lord Avon] resignation as Foreign Secretary, Eden's achievements, relations with Italy, and past foreign policy mistakes, which includes the phrase "This has been a good week for Dictators". Source material includes text from the Daily Telegraph on the Italian view of Eden, and a cutting on German reaction to international press criticism. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5911-7.Rough notes for WSC's speech (28 February)...
Dates: 22 Feb 1938 - 24 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material., 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/129A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (5 May) on the Eire bill, Britain abandoning rights it had under the 1921 Treaty, and the role of [Eamon] De Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland]. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5948-55.Notes for WSC's speech (25 May) entitled "A private execution" on the replacement of 1st Lord Swinton [earlier Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister and Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame] as Secretary of State for Air, the state of air defence, and setting up a...
Dates: 05 May 1938 - 25 May 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/172
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Speech notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the beaches . . . We shall never surrender". Source material...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 19 Jun 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/173A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) entitled "The fall of France" on the capitulation of France, the surrender of the French fleet to Germany and his visit to see [Paul] Reynaud [Prime Minister of France]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6239-41.Statement by WSC (4 July) on the British destruction of the French fleet at Oran [Algeria]. Source material includes notes on the co-ordination of intelligence, the role of the Commander-in-Chief of the Home Forces [General Sir Alan Brooke,...
Dates: 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/174A-C
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (5 September) on the war situation and an agreement with the United States over destroyers and defence bases, events in Romania, the achievements of the RAF, damage through bombing and the insurance scheme, evacuation, air raid warnings and other Home Front issues. Source material includes: notes and correspondence from Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Vice-Chief of Air Staff], Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook] (2), Arthur Cary [Assistant Principal, Air Ministry] (4),...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/180A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for statement by WSC (30 September) on the war situation including: the threat posed by Hitler, WSC's intention not to publish shipping losses to U-Boats, food and rations, the strength of the United States and the Soviet Union, Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, the army and Bomber Command, and events and operations in Persia [Iran]. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis] Minister of Food, Frank Wood, and Major-General Bernard Paget,...
Dates: 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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