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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 23 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 2., May 1938 - Sep 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/615
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Peopling the Wide, Open Spaces of Empire" on foreign emigration to parts of the British Empire, factors which prevent the British from emigrating, and developing the Empire through investment and emigration; "Why Not 'The United States of Europe'?" on the harm done by European rivalries and nationalism, fascism and communism, the economic benefits of European integration, and the role of Britain towards...
Dates: May 1938 - Sep 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3., Mar 1940 - 19 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/667
Scope and Contents Includes proofs, suggested introductions and cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Lloyd George" praising [David] Lloyd George on his contribution to British life, commenting on his actions during World War I, his fall from power, and his personal qualities; "England" on English traditions, qualities, and patriotism; "How Does the Chancellor Do His Job?" on WSC's experiences as Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Gold Standard, and budgets; "Women in War", looking at the subject from both an...
Dates: Mar 1940 - 19 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Chapters 34 - 38 and Appendices: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 04 Nov 1947 - 19 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/130
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs annotated with comments and suggestions by Sir Edward Marsh of the following chapters: Chapter 33 "The Clash at Sea" (provisionally entitled "Hitler Invades Norway"); Chapter 34 "Narvik" (provisionally entitled "The Norwegian Campaign" and "The Campaign in Norway"); Chapter 35 "Trondheim"; Chapter 36 "Frustration in Norway" (provisionally entitled "Norway. Defeat" and "Failure in Norway" and "The Curtain Falls on Norway"); Chapter 37 "Norway. The Final Phase"; Chapter...
Dates: 04 Nov 1947 - 19 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on rating relief proposals., 30 Apr 1928 - 31 May 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 18/90
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] (3); Alfred Hurst [Principal Assistant Secretary, Treasury] (3); Sir Horace Hamilton [Permanent Secretary, Board of Trade] (3); Sir Richard Hopkins [Controller of Finance and Supply Services, Treasury] (2); Sir George Courthope MP (2); William John MP; Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC]; Graham Vincent [Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; Stanley Baldwin [Prime Minister] (2); James...
Dates: 30 Apr 1928 - 31 May 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, E - O., 27 Nov 1950 - 17 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/65A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including Sir James Hawkey, Chairman, on subjects including the visit of Princess Elizabeth [later Queen Elizabeth II] to Woodford (6), C C Worsdell, Secretary and Agent (4) and "Kath", Kathleen Kemp, Secretary to the Agent (6); John Hudson, Ministry of Education; Percy Cohen [Joint Director], Conservative Research Department (5); Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival, Chairman, Far Eastern Prisoners of War Committee,...
Dates: 27 Nov 1950 - 17 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, K-Z., Sep 1948 - Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/47
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Frederick Mummery, Honorary Secretary and Agent, Woodford Conservative Association (9); H J Backwell, Deputy Regional Petroleum Officer, Ministry of Fuel and Power (9); [Arthur] Halls, Private Secretary [to the President of] the Board of Trade; [Christopher] Fogarty [Assistant Principal] HM Treasury; [Derek] Stephen [Assistant Principal] War Office (2); Herbert Truelove, Honorary Secretary, Chigwell [Essex] Urban District Chamber of Commerce (6); Reginald Maudling of...
Dates: Sep 1948 - Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 173-6 which have been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about a potentially living individual until 1 January 2024.
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: papers and correspondence for the general election., Apr 1955 - Jun 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/22A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, WSC's election agent (18); John Harvey, Chairman of Woodford Conservative Association (9); Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office, on a hoax letter from the "Conservative Propaganda Centre"; George Christ [Parliamentary Liaison Officer, Conservative Party, and Editor Weekly News Letter] (2); Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2), (1) also from Clarissa Eden [earlier Clarissa...
Dates: Apr 1955 - Jun 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Aug 1949 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/95A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 5th Lord Munster [earlier Geoffrey FitzClarence], George [Hubback], Metropolitan of India and Bishop of Calcutta (3), and Desmond Crawley (High Commission, Calcutta), on Anglo-Indians educating their children in the UK; 1st Lord Sandford [earlier Albert Edmondson, Chairman] of the Carlton Club (2); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (5); Clifford Hood, President, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation; Robert...
Dates: Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos]., Oct 1946 - Oct 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/51
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Anthony Bevir [Private Secretary to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow] and Chips Gemmell; and from WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Chairman of the Conservative [and Unionist] Party [1st Lord Woolton, earlier Frederick Marquis].Subjects...
Dates: Oct 1946 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Nov 1949 - 30 May 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/41A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 April 1951, House of Commons) entitled "Budget Proposals and Economic Survey" on the results of devaluation, the Government's use of high taxation to meet the cost of rearmament instead of curbing spending, and the general mismanagement of the economy. Source material includes notes by "Prof" [1st Lord Cherwell, earlier F A Lindemann] on subjects including the balance of trade, British war debts and the inadvisability of consulting the Empire over the...
Dates: 15 Nov 1949 - 30 May 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/48A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (1 July, House of Commons) entitled "The Korean War" on subjects including the early demoralization of Communist forces in Korea, then the success of their negotiations and rebuilt forces; the heavy costs suffered by Britain and the United States during the armistice; harm caused by anti-American feeling in Parliament; the treatment and exchange of prisoners of war, including forcing anti-Communist soldiers to return to China or North Korea; Labour's motion of...
Dates: 01 Jul 1952 - 20 Sep 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/49A-C
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's broadcast (4 October, London) entitled "King George VI Memorial Fund Appeal", on the national memorial for the King, his interest in children's welfare, funding a statue of the King and a foundation for the care of children and the elderly. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8409 - 10.Speech notes, typescript and transcripts for WSC's speech (11 October, Conservative Annual Conference, the Spa, Scarborough [Yorkshire]) entitled "The First Year" on subjects including:...
Dates: 04 Oct 1952 - 11 Dec 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]., 1938 - 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/130A-D
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (30 June) entitled "The Sandys storm" supporting the motion to set up a Select Committee to enquire into a complaint by Duncan Sandys concerning anti-aircraft defences. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5985-90.Notes for an unused speech (July) on agricultural policy, free trade, and the dangers to sea trade in time of war.Notes for WSC's speeches (11 and 19 July) entitled "The Sandys storm" on the report of the Committee of Privileges concerning an alleged breach of...
Dates: 1938 - 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1909 - Dec 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/32
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (5 March 1909) on Daylight Saving Bill [introducing British Summer Time, one hour ahead of GMT]. Published: Complete Speeches II, pp 1183 - 7.Typescript and manuscript notes for WSC's speeches on Labour Exchanges [WSC spoke on Labour Exchanges Bill on 19 May, 16 June and 2 July 1909]. Complete Speeches II, pp 1239 - 47, 1264 - 71 and 1276 - 7.Manuscript notes for WSC's speeches on the Railway Amalgamation Bill [WSC spoke on Railway Amalgamation on 31 Mar, 5 and 6...
Dates: Jan 1909 - Dec 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/79
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 February), for the debate on the address on the programme of Government legislation, the Trade Unions Bill, the situation in China and Britain's attitude to the Soviet Union. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4140 - 4148.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (11 April), on the effects of the General Strike and coal dispute, revenue (1926-1927) and expenditure (1926-1928), post-war Government departments, the National Debt, war debts, the sinking fund,...
Dates: 09 Feb 1927 - 06 Jul 1927
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/177A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (22 January) entitled "A dark and deadly valley" on the structure of government during wartime, the roles of the Minister of Defence and the Minister for Reconstruction, the needs of the army and military production. Source material includes correspondence from: Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] (5), Charles Hendriks, Clement Attlee [Lord Privy Seal], William Beveridge, Ernest Bevin [Minister of Labour and National Service] and notes from Eric Seal...
Dates: 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/180A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for statement by WSC (30 September) on the war situation including: the threat posed by Hitler, WSC's intention not to publish shipping losses to U-Boats, food and rations, the strength of the United States and the Soviet Union, Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, the army and Bomber Command, and events and operations in Persia. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis] Minister of Food, Frank Wood, and Major-General Bernard Paget,...
Dates: 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, source material, prints and press cuttings., Dec 1926 - 25 Apr 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/83A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (14 February 1928), entitled "Social Policy" on local services and the Road Fund. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4350 - 4358.Speech notes for WSC's statement (16 March 1928), entitled "Racecourse Betting Bill" on the Government's attitude to the bill, the status of horseracing and the effect of the Totalisator. Source material includes: a note from Donald Fergusson [Private Secretary]; a draft of the bill; a memorandum on the bill by the Jockey Club...
Dates: Dec 1926 - 25 Apr 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, press cuttings and source material., 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/88A-B
Scope and Contents Typescript for WSC's speech (21 January, Chamber of Commerce Dinner, Midland Hotel, Manchester), entitled "Trade" on 20th century economic conditions, currency stability, rating reform, economic development, taxation and the cotton trade. Also includes a press cutting from the Manchester Guardian reporting the speech. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4541 - 4546.Speech notes for WSC's speech (6 February, Town Hall, Battersea, London), entitled "Battersea By-Election" on the Government's...
Dates: 21 Jan 1929 - 14 Dec 1929
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes and source material., 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/126
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (31 May, Caxton Hall [Westminster, Conservative Party meeting]), moving the motion for Neville Chamberlain's [Prime Minister] election to the Conservative Party leadership and praising his achievements as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 5856-7.Notes for WSC's speech (11 June, [London] Australia Club Dinner) proposing a toast to the Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Lyons, and commenting on naval security in the Far East and Singapore....
Dates: 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open