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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 34 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 Unknown

"Defence (Government Policy)", 15 Feb 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/40B/269-320
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (House of Commons) on subjects including: recent Government defence policy changes; the disruptive effect of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act on rearmament; general mismanagement of defence, including demobilization, the dispersion and destruction of weapons, the extension of National Service and the wastage of defence funds; the British inability to produce atom bombs; Government opposition to the rearmament of West Germany and a European Army; the risk...
Dates: 15 Feb 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy., Nov 1945 - Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/28
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (6); Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] on the strength of the army and RAF; [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] (3); President Harry Truman (2); Walter Gifford, United States Ambassador to Great Britain. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries "N S" [Jo Sturdee, later Lady Onslow], "J P" [Jane Portal, later Lady Williams of Elvel], "L M M" [Lettice Marston, later Lettice Shillingford], and "C G"...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The Churchill Papers are made available to researchers using Churchill Archives Centre and worldwide in digital format. The digital edition of the Churchill Papers is published by Bloomsbury Academic and is available online to subscribing institutions at churchillarchive.com. The Churchill archive is freely available in our reading rooms and onsite at Churchill College (via the Churchill College wireless network). Researchers can download images of documents directly from churchillarchive.com and so are encouraged to consider bringing a laptop or other device for this purpose. For conservation reasons, the fragile originals are no longer issued to researchers. This digital edition is open to researchers unless otherwise marked in the catalogue. Some material has been closed by the Cabinet Office or by Churchill Archives Centre in accordance with data protection legislation.
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Press cuttings and Hansards., 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/133
Scope and Contents Hansard report of WSC's speech (11 May 1953) on foreign affairs, including Korea, Indo-China [later Vietnam], Egypt, the French military position, the European Defence Community, relations between Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey, Israel and the new Soviet government. Also includes Philip Noel-Baker's reply. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8475 - 8485.Hansard report of WSC's replies (23 March 1954) on consultation between Britain and the United States over atomic weapons.Hansard report of...
Dates: 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Truman., 29 Jan 1946 - 01 May 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/158
Scope and Contents Letters from Harry S Truman, President of the United States, on subjects including his hopes for avoiding a third world war, seeing Sarah Oliver [earlier Sarah Churchill, later Sarah Beauchamp, later Sarah, Lady Audley] in the Philadelphia Story, his own chances for re-election, the threat of Communism and dealing with the Soviet Union (10).Other correspondents include: CSC; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Alexander Spearman on...
Dates: 29 Jan 1946 - 01 May 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) S - Z., 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/230A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: Jorge Sanchez (5); Douglas Robey [British Vice-Consul, New York]; Iriney Georgevitch, Serbian Bishop of Yugoslavia; Albert Canning, Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Special Branch, on WSC's police guard; Charles Scribner; [Walter] Bedell Smith; "Betty", Harold Stark; Sir William Stephenson [Director, British Security Co-ordination] on WSC meeting the lawyer Ernest Cuneo (2); Myron Taylor; John Winant, United States ambassador to Britain (2); President...
Dates: 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/52A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copy of Hansard for WSC's speech (3 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the forthcoming royal tour of the Commonwealth and Empire; the timing of the next General Election and the general length of Parliaments; constructive and non-partisan politics; housing policy, including new building and repair of existing property; reducing restrictions and controls on agriculture, increasing food production and retaining food subsidies;...
Dates: 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/53A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (1 February, House of Commons) entitled "Adoption of a New Army Rifle", on the difficult transition period between research and mass production of a new weapon, the .280 rifle, the importance of standardization of armaments among the members of NATO, the results of the Labour Government's choice of different ammunition from the rest of NATO, and the new agreement on a common ammunition, choosing a Belgian rifle over the British make, and...
Dates: 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/33A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 March, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the stalemate in the new Parliament and the need for electoral reform; uncertainty until the next election; increasing food production; unemployment; cutting taxation; restoring the value of sterling; repealing the nationalization of the iron and steel industry; enlarging the building trade to solve the housing problem; the risk of Britain being split into Labour and...
Dates: 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/36A-C
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Journal of the Royal United Service Institution on the presentation of the Chesney Gold Medal to WSC (4 July, Royal United Service Institution), including WSC's acceptance speech entitled "Military History", on former winners of the medal, the importance of the study of military history, the progress of military science and in tribute to the career of Admiral Sir Henry Moore, Chairman of the Royal United Service Institution Council. Also includes opening speech by Admiral...
Dates: 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/39A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) entitled "Housing", for the housing amendment in the debate on the address, on failed Government election pledges on housing, the contrast with the post-First World War housing programme, rent increases, the results for the building trade of limiting the housing target, the possibility of increasing the target, including increasing the production of building materials, the harm done by the overuse of economic...
Dates: 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/40A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (7 February, House of Commons) entitled "Iron and Steel Industry" on subjects including: the disruptive timing of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act during a time of national crisis; the Government's mandate for nationalization; the splitting up of the industry; the industry's achievements and efficiency, particularly in its use of coal; the experience of wartime iron and steel control; the disruptive effects of...
Dates: 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/45A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and extract from Hansard for WSC's speech (6 November, House of Commons) for the debate on the address, on subjects including: the political divisions in the country; the charge of war-mongering laid against the Conservatives, and the need for steady government; the restoration of university representation in Parliament; the repeal of the Iron and Steel Nationalization Act; future parliamentary business, including the defence debate; keeping the Minister of Education out of the...
Dates: 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 07 Dec 1953 - 30 Jun 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/54A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (17 May, House of Commons) entitled "Address of Welcome to the Queen on her return from her Commonwealth Tour" on the value of the tour by Queen Elizabeth II [earlier Princess Elizabeth] and the importance of the monarchy. Published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 8566 - 7.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (27 May, Conservative Women's Meeting, Albert Hall [London]) entitled "The Conservatives' Tasks" on subjects...
Dates: 07 Dec 1953 - 30 Jun 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, Hansard and source material., 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/55A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and copies of Hansard for WSC's speech (12 July, House of Commons) entitled "Visit to the United States and Canada" on subjects including: WSC's concern at the lack of information given by the United States on their hydrogen bomb tests; his visit with Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], Foreign Secretary, for personal talks with Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States; hopes for more open relations in future; his reception in Canada; Britain's common aims with the...
Dates: 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, prints and source material., 14 Jan 1952 - 26 Feb 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/46A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (14 January, Banquet given by the Canadian Government, Chateau Laurier, Ottawa) entitled "Britain and Canada", on subjects including: a tribute to Mackenzie King [late Prime Minister of Canada]; Canada's part in the war and the effort still needed for peace; the shift of power from Europe to Canada and the United States; the broadening of NATO, support for a United Europe and a European Army, and Britain's future in Europe; Britain's economic...
Dates: 14 Jan 1952 - 26 Feb 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/32A-C
Scope and Contents Press Association transcript and press cutting from the Sevenoaks News reporting WSC's election address (11 February, Sevenoaks [Kent] Constitutional Club) on the Labour threat to the economy and the Empire. Also includes transcript of comments by Ness Edwards [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Labour and National Service] on WSC's responsibility for sending in troops during the miners' strike at [Tonypandy, Glamorgan, Wales, 1910]. Part published: Complete Speeches VIII pp 7935 -...
Dates: 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/62A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (6 November 1958, Hotel Matignon, Paris [France]) entitled "A Friend of France" on receiving the Croix de la Liberation from Charles de Gaulle, President of France, on subjects including: de Gaulle's wartime status as the symbol of France and his present responsibilities and problems; the confused international situation; WSC's long friendship with France; the uncertain future and the need for Britain, France and the Western allies to stand...
Dates: 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/2A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (7 November, House of Commons) entitled "The Anglo American Alliance" on the impending visit by the Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, to the United States and on subjects including foreign policy and the Soviet Union, the production of nuclear weapons and the disclosure of information about atomic weapons. Source material includes: a note from [?1st Lord Cherwell earlier Frederick Lindemann]; a letter from Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] and an extract...
Dates: 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/4A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's address to personnel on board the R M S Queen Elizabeth (13 January) in which he reviews the war and links between the United Kingdom and Canada.Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (26 February, University of Miami, United States) on receiving an honorary law degree in which he discusses education. Includes the phrase "I am surprised that in my later life I should have become so experienced in taking degrees, when, as a school boy, I was so bad at passing...
Dates: 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 20 Apr 1946 - 21 Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/8A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (1 August, House of Commons) on Palestine on subjects including: his conviction that there should be a Jewish national home in Palestine; the success which followed the 1922 [Balfour] declaration; the opinions of T E Lawrence [T E Shaw, "Lawrence of Arabia"] about the treatment of the Arabs; the repatriation of the Jews in Europe; and the decision by the United States not to support Zionism policy. Source material includes: an extract from a...
Dates: 20 Apr 1946 - 21 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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