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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 95 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: various articles by WSC., Jan 1938 - Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/609
Scope and Contents Includes: Press cutting for "1938 - World's Year of Fate", published in Answers (29 January 1938), briefly commenting on rearmament, the Spanish Civil War, the threat of Japan, Italy and Germany, and the role of Britain, France and the United States. Cuttings and proofs for "Women in War", published in the February edition of the Strand Magazine, looking at the subject from both an historical perspective, focusing on figures such as Joan of Arc, and examining the contemporary situation...
Dates: Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/299
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Shane Leslie; Sir Hubert Young [Governor and Commander- in-Chief of Northern Rhodesia, later Zambia]; General Sir Ian Hamilton on claims by Margot, Lady Oxford and Asquith [earlier Margot Asquith] on the resignation of 1st Lord Haldane [as Lord Chancellor, 1915] (2); Marshal of the RAF 1st Lord Trenchard on meeting the German Official Air Mission; Bernard Freyberg; 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] on the Privy Councillorships of F E Smith [1st Lord...
Dates: 01 Oct 1937 - 30 Dec 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/328
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the French financial capability for war; Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon]; 1st Lord Craigavon [earlier Sir James Craig], Prime Minister of Northern Ireland; Samuel Hood [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for India]; Lord Ednam [later 4th Lord Dudley], President, Eton Political Society (2); Brigadier-General Sir Henry Page Croft on a meeting of the Friends of Spain group,...
Dates: 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/330
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ramsay Muir [Vice-President, Liberal Party Organization] on the possibility of a by-election in Epping [Essex]; Lieutenant-General Sir [George] Tom Bridges on WSC's speech at Sheffield [Yorkshire, 31 May] and wartime conscription; Philip Noel-Baker; Don Pablo de Azcarate y Florez, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on including Spain in WSC's call for a team of peace-seeking nations; 10th Lord Elgin (and 14th Lord Kincardine [earlier Lord Bruce]), President, General...
Dates: 29 Dec 1937 - 15 Jul 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/332
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly on Czechoslovakia and the Munich Pact, include: [David] Graham Hutton; Roy Harrod on subjects including the general support for WSC's views on foreign policy, and a suggested electoral pact between WSC and the Labour Party (3); Lady Violet Bonham-Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury] on subjects including WSC's speech on the Munich Pact (5 October) (2); Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister, on his worsening...
Dates: 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/358A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Pears, President of the Society of Marine Artists (2); Katharine, Duchess of Atholl, on allegations of Nationalist atrocities in Spain; Group-Captain Lachlan Maclean (2); "Reggie" [Reginald Fellowes] (3); [James] Vincent Sheean; [Lionel] Archer Cust, Secretary, Royal Empire Society; 9th Lord de la Warr [President, Board of Education, earlier Lord Buckhurst]; Sir Horace Rumbold [former British Ambassador to Germany] on the Government's policy towards Hitler;...
Dates: 28 Jan 1939 - 30 Apr 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Correspondence., 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/359
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the German submarine programme (2); Oliver Locker-Lampson; Sir Hubert Gough; Evelyn Walkden; Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Muirhead [63rd (Oxfordshire Yeomanry) Anti-Tank Regiment] on finding positions in the Yeomanry for William Deakin and WSC's nephews [John G Churchill and Peregrine Churchill]; Thomas Horabin on public feeling about the Government's proposals for conscription (2); A P Herbert [Alan...
Dates: 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public abroad, mainly from the United States, on the Munich Crisis, Germany, Czechoslovakia, and other aspects of the international situation; mostly supporting WSC's stance, praising his speeches and broadcasts., 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/608A-C
Scope and Contents

Correspondents include: James Witherow (4); James Harvey criticising the "monied interests" running Britain (3); Oswald Veblen; [Herbert] Swope; Frederic Wile.Also includes: reprints and cuttings from papers, mainly US, including an article by Drew Pearson and Robert Allen; papers entitled "The Fallacies of Fascism" by Aurel Kolnai and "There's Always the Aftermath . . . Mr Chamberlain" by William Seers; Belgian pamphlet on Czechoslovakia.

Dates: 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC and his fellow critics of Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Adolf Hitler., 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/607A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Brigadier [Leonard] Smithers on arming the nation; Oliver Stewart on standing by France; [William] Adam; Eliot Slater; [Thomas Skeffington-]Lodge; [Rhys] Hopkin Morris on WSC's use of language; Reverend J Ingram Bryan on supplies going to Japan; [James] Leishman; Brigadier Sir Walter Ludlow sending a proof of an article by him on national military training.Other subjects include: congratulations on WSC's speeches and broadcasts on the matter; offers to assist WSC's...
Dates: 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, mostly supporting WSC's stance., 01 Oct 1938 - 06 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/603A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Rennie Smith (2); David Garland; Nathan Laski; Arthur Bateman; Hervey de Montmorency; Gerald Sington; Ellison Hawks; Henry Ferns.Subjects covered by the file include: the fate of Czechoslovakia; Adolf Hitler and Germany; criticism of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and his government; WSC's House of Commons speech of 5 October.Also includes: various cuttings; protest letter from the Arts Peace Campaign with typed signatures of individuals including Mark Gertler and...
Dates: 01 Oct 1938 - 06 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, mostly supporting WSC's stance, some offering their services., 07 Oct 1938 - 24 Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/604A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harry Rayner (2) sending a poem and commenting on Japan; [Herbert] Swope; D [?J] MacDonald [a Dundee Liberal]; "R F H" [Roy Harrod] on a portrait of Neville Chamberlain in the Oxford Carlton Club; "Alec" [Alexander] Dickson on the situation in Czechoslovakia; Sir James Berry; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; Lynn Ungoed-Thomas.Subjects covered by the file include: WSC's House of Commons speech of 5 October; matters concerning national defence; the German threat...
Dates: 07 Oct 1938 - 24 Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance., Oct 1938 - Jan 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/605A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General Sir Guy Beatty, Sir Albert Howard, Sir Robert Bird, Sir Michael Sadler, and [John] Eric Allden on WSC's broadcast to the United States of 16 October; George Bailey on modernising dry docks; [John Warren] MacAlpine on getting information into Germany and Italy; Sir Leonard Hill of the St John Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine on birth rates; A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council] (5) on organising meetings and support...
Dates: Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence etc., 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/266A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Basil Liddell Hart [Military Correspondent to the Times] on the troop system used in India; "Harold R" [1st Lord Rothermere, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on subjects including 1st Lord Weir's position in defence [as Adviser to the Air Ministry], the likely stop to any battleship programme, pilot training, the likelihood of a quick German victory against Britain and France, German contempt for the British Government, and the Government's refusal to discuss the...
Dates: 12 Jan 1936 - 27 Nov 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open, (folio 93 opened in unsanitised form in Sep 2022, previously available as a 'sanitised' photocopy).
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Public and Political: General: Germany and the European Situation: Memoranda., 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/340A-B
Scope and Contents Notes and memoranda on Germany, Czechoslovakia and Europe, including: memoranda by Sir Henry Strakosch on the German economic threat to Eastern and South Eastern Europe; memorandum by [Henry] Wickham Steed on the expansion of German influence in Central and South Eastern Europe and the effects of British and French foreign policy; copy of a report by Guy, Comte de Baillet-Latour, head of the Banque Lambert, on Czechoslovakia; note of a meeting between WSC, Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st...
Dates: 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many on WSC's health, his travels abroad, and offering support for his leadership. [please note that most of the file dates from 1943]., Mar 1941 - Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/463
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General [2nd] Lord Rennell [earlier Francis Rodd] (15 Army Group) and General [Sir Harold] Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis] forwarding the first Union Jack to fly on the mainland of liberated Europe; Ava, Lady Anderson [earlier Ava Wigram, later Ava, Lady Waverley] commenting on and sending on notes on Ralph Wigram and the German breaking of the Treaty of Locarno including extracts from letters by [Pierre] Flandin [former French Foreign Minister];...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/393
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Monsieur Campinchi, French Minister of Marine; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph sending on a United States article published in the Telegraph; Robert Cary; [1st] Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (?2) including (1) on the League [of Nations]; Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood]; Neville Chamberlain (5) on subjects including his health, government policy, and his resignation; Sir Evan...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches, Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/398
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay on his knighthood; Sir Eugene Ramsden on Conservative support for WSC; Whitelaw Reid [London correspondent] of the New York Herald Tribune [United States]; [Sir] Robert Renwick sending on memoranda on French banks (by "Birch"), demolition in London, and Albania (by Renwick) (4); [David] Waley [Principal Assistant Secretary] (Treasury) and Philip Allen (Ministry of Home Security) on Renwick's memoranda; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of...
Dates: Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B., Nov 1945 - Dec 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/52A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Prime Minister Clement Attlee (3); Paul Beards [Assistant Private Secretary to Attlee]; Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Chatfield (2), General Admiral Conrad Albrecht (2), and Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to Attlee] (3) on pensions for German war veterans; James Stuart [Chief Opposition Whip] (4); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] (2); Julian Amery on completing J L Garvin's life of Joseph Chamberlain; Bhimrao Ambedkar (2) (see CHUR 2/52A/41);...
Dates: Nov 1945 - Dec 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B., Jun 1946 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Marcel Sibert, President of the French Committee for International Relations, inviting WSC to speak; Freda Smith [Duncan Sandys' secretary] (4); secretarial support for the United Europe Committee (4); Duncan Sandys, Joint Honorary Secretary of the Committee (5); Leo Amery (7) including (1) partly on India; Prime Minister Clement Attlee (2); Major Edward Beddington-Behrens (6) including (1) offering WSC a ride on his horse; United States Representative Hale Boggs;...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, D-G., Sep 1946 - Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Duncan Sandys (12); Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich, British Ambassador to France]; William Stewart; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2) including (1) on him serving on the Council of the United Europe movement; Freda Smith [Sandys' secretary] (11); Colonel Oliver Stanley; Henry Hopkinson [later 1st Lord Colyton, Head] of Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat [and Joint Director, Conservative Research Department]; Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi on the...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Nov 1947 - Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/72A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Iain MacLeod, Conservative Parliamentary Secretariat, on the position of graduate teachers (2); Emanuel Shinwell, Secretary of State for War, (2) and Arthur Henderson [later Lord Rowley], Secretary of State for Air, (2) on recruitment for service auxiliaries and reserves; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice- Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (2); Colin Thornton-Kemsley (2); Reginald Maudling; 6th Lord De L'Isle and Dudley [earlier William Sidney,...
Dates: Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: European army: correspondence and papers., Aug 1950 - Nov 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/32
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lewis Douglas [United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom] (3); President Harry Truman; Harold Macmillan [later 1st Lord Stockton] (3); Duncan Sandys (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall; General Charles Mast [French Army]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, and Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel].Subjects include: the level of German, United States, and British...
Dates: Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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