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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 48 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: galley proofs for "Victory" containing 61 of WSC's war and general election speeches dating from January to August 1945., 1945 - [1946]

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/69
Scope and Contents

WSC's notes and source material for many of these speeches can be found in files CHAR 9/167-70 and CHAR 9/205-9.

Dates: 1945 - [1946]
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/665
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "My Secret Tank Plans were Missing" on WSC's experiences at "Plugstreet" (Ploegsteert [Belgium]) during World War I, being shelled and thinking he had lost some secret tank plans; "My 17 Fateful Hours with Clemenceau" on being sent by [David] Lloyd George to see [Georges] Clemenceau on the Western Front, and his opinions of [Field Marshal Ferdinand] Foch and [General Lord] Rawlinson; "I Compel Lawrence of Arabia [T E Lawrence, later T E Shaw]...
Dates: 07 Jan 1940 - 25 Feb 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Personal: Family: biographical material and information file., 1891 - 1953

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/38A-B
Scope and Contents Includes details of WSC's filing system, broadcasts, speeches, favourite songs, agricultural patronage, books, orders and decorations, honorary degrees, fellowships, freedoms, medals, ministerial appointments, service titles, degrees offered but not yet received, parliamentary seats, paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy [London], and annual subscriptions; copies of various items by WSC including a letter to the Times under the pseudonym "Scorpio" on prayers for rain, and a lecture...
Dates: 1891 - 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Personal: Family etc.: correspondence., 03 Jan 1948 - 11 Mar 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/46
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Mule" [Sarah Oliver, earlier Sarah Churchill, later Sarah Beauchamp, then Sarah, Lady Audley] on subjects including her visit to Canada and her wedding to Antony Beauchamp (16); "Alex", 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis [Governor-General of Canada]; Bernard Baruch; CSC on subjects including WSC's leadership of the Conservative Party, Chartwell [Kent] and Sarah (12); Antony Beauchamp; Hugh [? Frewen]; Oswald Frewen (2); Amy Guest (4); Raymond Guest; Sir Shane Leslie (3);...
Dates: 03 Jan 1948 - 11 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., Jan 1906 - Dec 1906

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/10
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Federation (18) on subjects including arrangements for the election (2); E Crosfield Pearson (4); Lord Loreburn [earlier Sir Robert Reid]; 2nd Duke of Westminster; Fred Brierley on the issues of importance to the Manchester electorate including socialism, Chinese labour in South Africa, education, Free Trade and Ireland (2); James Southern (6); William Westbrook on WSC's recommendations for local magistrates; Sir...
Dates: Jan 1906 - Dec 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence, mainly with representatives of Woodford Conservative Association., Nov 1950 - Dec 1958

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/12A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Cedric] Wordsell, Secretary and Agent [until 1951] (9); Sir James Hawkey, Chairman [until 1952] (18); Kathleen Kemp, Secretary to the Agent (17); W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Secretary and Agent [from 1952] (40); Malcolm McCorquodale; Rowland Arnison, Chairman [1952-1954] (4); John Harvey, Vice-Chairman [1952-1954], Chairman [1954-1956] (9); Squadron Leader Albert Cooper inviting WSC and CSC to lunch; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary]; George Christ...
Dates: Nov 1950 - Dec 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folio 50 which has been removed on grounds of data protection due to presence of sensitive personal information about potentially living individuals until review on 1 January 2027.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: papers and correspondence for the general election., Apr 1955 - Jun 1955

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/22A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, WSC's election agent (18); John Harvey, Chairman of Woodford Conservative Association (9); Stephen Pierssene, General Director, Conservative and Unionist Central Office, on a hoax letter from the "Conservative Propaganda Centre"; George Christ [Parliamentary Liaison Officer, Conservative Party, and Editor Weekly News Letter] (2); Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2), (1) also from Clarissa Eden [earlier Clarissa...
Dates: Apr 1955 - Jun 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Election: Press cuttings of broadcasts., 09 Jun 1945 - 01 Aug 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/558
Scope and Contents Newspaper cuttings (mainly from the Times and the Daily Telegraph) of broadcasts and speeches made during the 1945 General Election campaign by the following: Sir Richard Acland; A V Alexander; Leo Amery; Clement Attlee; Philip Noel-Baker; Harold Balfour; [1st] Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken]; Leslie Hore-Belisha; Aneurin Bevan; Sir William Beveridge; Ernest Bevin; Lady Violet Bonham Carter [earlier Violet Asquith and Violet, Lady Bonham Carter, later Lady Asquith of Yarnbury]; Brendan...
Dates: 09 Jun 1945 - 01 Aug 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches, Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/398
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay on his knighthood; Sir Eugene Ramsden on Conservative support for WSC; Whitelaw Reid [London correspondent] of the New York Herald Tribune [United States]; [Sir] Robert Renwick sending on memoranda on French banks (by "Birch"), demolition in London, and Albania (by Renwick) (4); [David] Waley [Principal Assistant Secretary] (Treasury) and Philip Allen (Ministry of Home Security) on Renwick's memoranda; Paul Reynaud, French Minister of...
Dates: Apr 1908 - Dec 1940. [Please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940].
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C., Jun 1950 - Oct 1951

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/113A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Richard Acland on the "Churchill Arch" in the House of Commons; Commander Peter Agnew withdrawing his candidacy at Ormskirk [Lancashire]; Patrick Kinna (Foreign Office); representatives of the Conservative Research Department including [Richard] Michael Fraser [later Lord Fraser of Kilmorack] (4); Garry Allighan on his expulsion from the House of Commons; Cuthbert Alport; Leo Amery on Persian [Iranian] oil; 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman,...
Dates: Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and material on steel nationalisation., Nov 1948 - Feb 1951

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/79A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reginald Maudling; Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon] (2); Sir Andrew Duncan [Chairman of Executive Committee of British Iron and Steel Federation] (6); John Wilson [Private Secretary to Minister of Supply]; George Christ. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretary Elizabeth Gilliatt.Subjects covered by the file include:...
Dates: Nov 1948 - Feb 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/81A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harley Usill of the Naldrett Press Limited (5); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (2); George Rainbird; John Leigh-Pemberton (3); Sir Oswald Birley; Beresford Craddock; James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (13); Sir Arnold Gridley [Chairman 1922 Committee]; Sir David Maxwell Fyfe [later 1st Lord Kilmuir]; R A Butler (5); Thelma Cazalet-Kier (2);...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speech notes., Jun 1945 - 30 Jul 1946

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/7A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 July 1946, Livingstone Hall, Westminster, London) for a confidential meeting of the Executive Committee of Conservative and Unionist Associations including: his decision not to resign as Leader of the Conservative Party; criticisms of the Labour government; the need for organised opposition; and local party organisation. Source material includes: press cuttings; papers and notes on a variety of subjects including the organisation of the Conservative party,...
Dates: Jun 1945 - 30 Jul 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: General Election Miscellanea., Oct 1949 - Feb 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/29A-C
Scope and Contents Includes: speech notes and extracts from various speeches made by WSC during the 1950 General Election campaign on subjects including nationalisation, a statement made by [Walter] Higgs in New Zealand, food and petrol rationing, conscription and National Service, the coal and oil industries and home owning; newspaper cuttings; extracts of earlier speeches made by WSC; suggestions for speeches from various individuals including Randolph Churchill on the B B C and a party political broadcast,...
Dates: Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/34A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 April, House of Commons) entitled "The Budget" on subjects including: the Government's overspending, inflation and its effects on wage- earners; Government borrowing and payment of war debts; poor future prospects for the economy; the rise in the petrol ration and the house-building programme; Government taxation on high incomes, petrol and on transport vehicles; WSC's recommendations for cuts in expenditure on defence, the National Health...
Dates: 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 02 Jun 1950 - 28 Jun 1950

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/35A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (7 June, Women's Central Advisory Committee, Albert Hall [London]) entitled "General Election Results" on subjects including: the country's general vote against socialist policies; the part played in political life by women; the Government's abandonment of its policies, including both the petrol ration in Britain and New Zealand, and also nationalization, except for the nationalization of steel; socialist restriction of freedom; the Conservative...
Dates: 02 Jun 1950 - 28 Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

 File
Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Press cuttings, speech notes and typescript., 11 Mar 1924 - 27 Jun 1924

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/69
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election address (March, Abbey Division, Westminster, London) on the threat of a Socialist Government, the party system and WSC's own position, standing against the official Conservative candidate, Otho Nicholson. Also includes a press cutting reporting the speech.Speech notes for WSC's election address (11 March, Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London) on the need for stable government and the harmful results of the party system and frequent changes of Government,...
Dates: 11 Mar 1924 - 27 Jun 1924
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1908 - Dec 1908

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/31
Scope and Contents Typescript of speech by WSC (23 January 1908, Birmingham Town Hall) entitled "Social Policy" on free trade and social policy. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 883 - 8.Typescript of speech by WSC (2 April 1908, Sun Hall, Liverpool) entitled "Tariff Reform and Unemployment" on taxation and unemployment. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 921 - 9.Manuscript and typescript notes for Election addresses by WSC in Manchester, including (14 April, Grand Theatre, Manchester) on subjects including...
Dates: Jan 1908 - Dec 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 04 Jun 1945 - 21 Jun 1945

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Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/208A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's election broadcast (4 June) entitled "Party politics again" on the forthcoming election including: his regret that it was not postponed until the end of the war against Japan; the establishment of a "National Government" composed of Conservative Party members; criticism of the behaviour of the Liberal and Labour parties and of socialism "No Socialist government conducting the entire life and industry of the country could afford to allow free, sharp, or violently-worded...
Dates: 04 Jun 1945 - 21 Jun 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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