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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/670
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "How It Feels to be a Road Accident Victim" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "Parliament", defending the British parliamentary system, an historical examination of developments in the rights of the individual citizen, contrasting the British system with that of the dictatorships, and explaining its structure; "The Other Side of Flying" on developments in air travel, the autogyro, gliding, an historical review, and the benefits of...
Dates: 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: correspondence with Woodford Conservative Association branches at Aldersbrook, Buckhurst Hill, Loughton, Monkhams, Snaresbrook, and Wanstead [all Essex]., Aug 1952 - Jun 1956

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/18
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir James Hawkey, Chairman [until 1952], and W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent, (4) of Woodford Conservative Association. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Lettice Marston (Lettice Shillingford), Grace Hamblin, H [?Wood], Gillian Maturin, and Anthony Montague Browne; CSC (President of Woodford Conservative Association).Subjects include: organising visits to the Houses of Parliament; a message of sympathy for Queen...
Dates: Aug 1952 - Jun 1956
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Patronage: correspondence, H-Q., Feb 1943 - Feb 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/485
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] congratulating WSC on his speech at Harvard, Cambridge [United States]; James Conant, President, (2) and Jerome Greene, Secretary to the Corporation, of Harvard University and Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] (2) on WSC receiving an honorary degree from Harvard; Victor Goodman [Chief ARP and Security Officer of the Palace of Westminster] and [Douglas] Clifton-Brown...
Dates: Feb 1943 - Feb 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many on WSC's health, his travels abroad, and offering support for his leadership. [please note that most of the file dates from 1943]., Mar 1941 - Aug 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/463
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Major-General [2nd] Lord Rennell [earlier Francis Rodd] (15 Army Group) and General [Sir Harold] Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis] forwarding the first Union Jack to fly on the mainland of liberated Europe; Ava, Lady Anderson [earlier Ava Wigram, later Ava, Lady Waverley] commenting on and sending on notes on Ralph Wigram and the German breaking of the Treaty of Locarno including extracts from letters by [Pierre] Flandin [former French Foreign Minister];...
Dates: Mar 1941 - Aug 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1943 - Jun 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/464
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "E R" [Eleanor Roosevelt] and John Russell [2nd Secretary] (British Embassy, Washington [United States]) (2) on communications with a US sculptor Stirling Calder and his bust of WSC; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry], High Commissioner for Canada [in the United Kingdom] Vincent Massey, Chilean Ambassador [to Great Britain] Manuel Bianchi, and Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia Jan Sramek, on WSC's health problems; Sir Newman Flower, Director of Cassell and...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Jun 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/441
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Edward Campbell on the death of his son; Malcolm MacDonald, British High Commissioner in Canada, passing on a request for WSC's autograph; "Porchy", [6th] Lord Carnarvon [earlier Lord Porchester] (2), Sir Philip Chetwode, and Sir Stafford Cripps sending birthday greetings; Victor Cazalet; "R C" [1st Lord] Cecil [of Chelwood, earlier Lord Robert Cecil] on WSC's "two Archbishops"; [Rodney] Gallop (Foreign Office); "Bobbety", Lord Cranborne [earlier Robert Gascoyne...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/393
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Monsieur Campinchi, French Minister of Marine; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph sending on a United States article published in the Telegraph; Robert Cary; [1st] Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (?2) including (1) on the League [of Nations]; Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood]; Neville Chamberlain (5) on subjects including his health, government policy, and his resignation; Sir Evan...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G., Jan 1943 - Jan 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/465
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch and Leslie Graham-Dixon thanking WSC for gifts of his books; Admiral Sir Edward Evans [later 1st Lord Mountevans] sending a book for WSC; General Dwight Eisenhower (2) on receiving a picture of WSC and WSC's illness; James Forrestal [Under Secretary of the United States Navy] on WSC's recovery; "B B" [Brendan Bracken] on "Lee's Lieutenants" by Douglas Freeman; Arthur Grenfell on early flying experiences with WSC; Sir Edward...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Jan 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, E-G, many praising WSC's speeches and leadership., Sep 1939 - Nov 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/394
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War] (5) including (2) on his role in the government; Maxine Elliott on her health (2); Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on honouring [Walter Richard] Sickert; Daisy Fellowes [earlier Daisy, Princesse de Broglie] (2); Sir Warren Fisher [Regional Commander for Civil Defence, North-West Region] criticising the conduct of the war; [Edward] FitzClarence [later 6th Lord Munster] on Randolph Churchill's time in the...
Dates: Sep 1939 - Nov 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M., Jan 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/444
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harold Laski on the importance of WSC's leadership, particularly in the United States; [Caroline] Lejeune [Mrs E Roffe Thompson, Film Critic to the Observer] recommending films to WSC; [Richard] Eric Long on his support for WSC (3); Jean [Ivan] Maisky [Soviet Union Ambassador to the United Kingdom] sending WSC a copy of [Ilya] Ehrenburg's "Fall of Paris"; Paul Maze sending 2 paintings and hoping to see WSC (3); Barbara McCorquodale (Barbara Cartland) sending WSC her...
Dates: Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M. [please note that most material dates from 1941]., Feb 1941 - Feb 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/420
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Lambert; Harold Laski on the death of his father Nathan Laksi; "Jack" [John] Lawson (2); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] on United States recordings of WSC's speeches; Major [Richard] Eric Long (3) including (1) sending on a letter from [Robert] Hudson [Minister of Agriculture] on Long's gardener; [Dame] Edith Lyttelton [Mrs Arthur Lyttelton] (3) including (2) on an English Speaking Union luncheon; Oliver Lyttelton...
Dates: Feb 1941 - Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Dec 1942 - Jul 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/467
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: George Lambton praising WSC's broadcast [of ?21 March]; [Sir Alan] Lascelles [Private Secretary to King George VI] on having lunched with WSC; Harold Laski sending on a Queen Anne proclamation; [General Sir Hastings] Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] sending on items (2); Major-General Sir Andrew McCulloch on a pipe march composed in WSC's honour by Pipe-Major A Lewis; Reverend James Little, Oliver Locker-Lampson, and Cyril Maude on WSC's health; Guy...
Dates: Dec 1942 - Jul 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, M-Q., Jan 1943 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/468A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Harold MacMillan on Randolph [Churchill] and [Pierre] Flandin; [John] Macnamara on a visit to Chequers [Buckinghamshire]; Reginald McKenna sending praise for WSC; Gwen and Henry [Mond, 2nd Lord Melchett] on WSC's birthday; Violet, Lady Melchett [?on "Rota" the lion]; [James] Tucker, Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor], Herbert Morrison, and [Henry] Morton (2) on books received and sent; [1st] Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] on WSC having come to dinner; Dorothy, Lady...
Dates: Jan 1943 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S., Feb 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/446A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Stella, Lady Reading [later Stella, Lady Swanborough] on WSC's broadcast of 10 May; [1st] Lord Reading [earlier Rufus Isaacs] sending a copy of the life of his father; A L Rowse and [Arthur] White, Secretary-General, British Council, on Rowse dedicating "The Spirit of English History" to WSC; Alfred Salisbury (4) including sending on a letter from him to Field Marshal Jan Smuts on the South African scout, Major Pretorious; "Top" [3rd] Lord Selborne [earlier Lord...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 290 - 297, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2021.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/42A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (3 July, Grosvenor House Hotel [London]) at the English Speaking Union dinner for General Dwight Eisenhower, on the English Speaking Union as a foundation for peace and an advance towards a united Europe.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (10 July, Royal College of Physicians [London]) entitled "Lord Moran" (for the presentation of his portrait to 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson, former President, Royal College of Physicians]), on subjects...
Dates: Apr 1951 - 28 Sep 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes., 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/10A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and Hansard report of WSC's speech (12 November, House of Commons) entitled "The international scene" on subjects including: the cold war, the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union and the strength of the Soviet army; support for the United Nations; the need to aid Germany but prevent rearmament; the Nuremberg trials and war crimes; Imperial Preference; affairs in countries including India, Egypt and the Suez canal, Palestine, National Service and the armed forces;...
Dates: 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 17 Jan 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/397A/48-49
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Louis Alber [President, Affiliated Lecture and Concert Association Incorporated], on subjects for his lecture tour of the United States, stating that the "Economic Crisis" lecture had been an immense labour, and there was still a lot of work to be done reducing it to proper limits; also stating that he could prepare a new lecture on the Soviet Union, if there was sufficient demand, but hoping that Alber would not commit him to a new lecture merely to satisfy one or two...
Dates: 17 Jan 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 03 Jan 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/397A/77
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Louis Alber [President, Affiliated Lecture and Concert Association Incorporated], stating that although his health was improving, he would not be able to resume his lecture tour of the United States on 14 January, proposing resumption on 1 February, continuing until 15 March. [Carbon].

Dates: 03 Jan 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 02 Jan 1932

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/397A/79-80
Scope and Contents

Telegram from WSC to Louis Alber [President, Affiliated Lecture and Concert Association Incorporated], stating that although his health was improving, he would not be fit to resume his lecture tour of the United States until the end of the month. [Copy].

Dates: 02 Jan 1932
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Dec 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/397A/81
Scope and Contents Letter from WSC to Louis Alber [President, Affiliated Lecture and Concert Association Incorporated], on his intention to resume his lecture tour of the United States, "I shall be able to begin it, and I will go on till I drop", stating that it would be a pity to spoil the opening meeting in Brooklyn on 14 January, or the New York Economic Club meeting on 18 January with questions which were an anticlimax; he intended to speak for over an hour, and to "reach a culmination", and that while he...
Dates: 30 Dec 1931
Conditions Governing Access: open