Skip to main content

Cambridge University Libraries are providing a blend of online and controlled in-person services. Please see our website for more details.

Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 31 Collections and/or Records:

  • 1
  • 2
 File

Literary: correspondence on permission to quote extracts from various of WSC's works including speeches, "Great Contemporaries", "Liberalism and the social problem", "London to Ladysmith", "Lord Randolph Churchill", "Marlborough: His Life and Times", "My African Journey", "My Early Life", "Thoughts and Adventures", "The River War", "Secret Session Speeches", "Savrola", the war memoirs ["The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"., Dec 1949 - Jan 1963

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/60A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Charles Eade, [editor] of the Sunday Dispatch, proposing the book publication of WSC's articles on monarchs (2); Sir Robert Hodgson on a letter from WSC on King Alfonso XIII of Spain; representatives of Odhams Press Limited particularly G C Piper of the Book Department (20); representatives of Fladgate and Company particularly Anthony Moir [WSC's solicitor] (24); James Thornton, Assistant Controller, (2) and Mary Somerville, Controller, Talks Division, BBC, and John,...
Dates: Dec 1949 - Jan 1963
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC., 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/619
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs and press cuttings from the Sunday Chronicle for: "I Escape" on WSC's capture by the Boers and details of his subsequent escape; "The Blunder that Beat Germany" on the Battle of the Marne [France]; "The True Story of the Tank" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its first use in action; "When Britain Nearly Starved" on the German submarine campaign during World War I, British anti-submarine warfare, and...
Dates: 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/670
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "How It Feels to be a Road Accident Victim" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "Parliament", defending the British parliamentary system, an historical examination of developments in the rights of the individual citizen, contrasting the British system with that of the dictatorships, and explaining its structure; "The Other Side of Flying" on developments in air travel, the autogyro, gliding, an historical review, and the benefits of...
Dates: 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 8., 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/672
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Neville Chamberlain" on British Prime Ministers since [William] Gladstone, Chamberlain's career, including during World War I, and as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and WSC's views on his personality; "The Grimmest Task in the Government" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, capital punishment, and prison reform; "Maiden and Other Speeches" on speeches by F E Smith [later 1st Lord Birkenhead], Timothy Healy, WSC, Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord...
Dates: 17 Nov 1940 - 29 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
 File

Personal: Family: biographical material and information file., 1891 - 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 1/38A-B
Scope and Contents Includes details of WSC's filing system, broadcasts, speeches, favourite songs, agricultural patronage, books, orders and decorations, honorary degrees, fellowships, freedoms, medals, ministerial appointments, service titles, degrees offered but not yet received, parliamentary seats, paintings exhibited at the Royal Academy [London], and annual subscriptions; copies of various items by WSC including a letter to the Times under the pseudonym "Scorpio" on prayers for rain, and a lecture...
Dates: 1891 - 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: Correspondence., Jan 1906 - Dec 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 4/10
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Royle, Chairman of the Manchester Liberal Federation (18) on subjects including arrangements for the election (2); E Crosfield Pearson (4); Lord Loreburn [earlier Sir Robert Reid]; 2nd Duke of Westminster; Fred Brierley on the issues of importance to the Manchester electorate including socialism, Chinese labour in South Africa, education, Free Trade and Ireland (2); James Southern (6); William Westbrook on WSC's recommendations for local magistrates; Sir...
Dates: Jan 1906 - Dec 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC and his fellow critics of Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Adolf Hitler., 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/607A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Brigadier [Leonard] Smithers on arming the nation; Oliver Stewart on standing by France; [William] Adam; Eliot Slater; [Thomas Skeffington-]Lodge; [Rhys] Hopkin Morris on WSC's use of language; Reverend J Ingram Bryan on supplies going to Japan; [James] Leishman; Brigadier Sir Walter Ludlow sending a proof of an article by him on national military training.Other subjects include: congratulations on WSC's speeches and broadcasts on the matter; offers to assist WSC's...
Dates: 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, N-Q., Feb 1942 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/476
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [Leslie] Bradley [Director] of the Imperial War Museum, Eleanor Emery [Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions], UK High Commissioner in New Zealand Sir Harry Batterbee (4), [Saville] Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions] (3), [William] Jordan, High Commissioner for New Zealand in London, and [Clement] Attlee [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs] on an inkstand presented to WSC by the New Zealand...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, R-S., Feb 1942 - Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/446A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Stella, Lady Reading [later Stella, Lady Swanborough] on WSC's broadcast of 10 May; [1st] Lord Reading [earlier Rufus Isaacs] sending a copy of the life of his father; A L Rowse and [Arthur] White, Secretary-General, British Council, on Rowse dedicating "The Spirit of English History" to WSC; Alfred Salisbury (4) including sending on a letter from him to Field Marshal Jan Smuts on the South African scout, Major Pretorious; "Top" [3rd] Lord Selborne [earlier Lord...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z., Jan 1950 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/102A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Patrick Buchan-Hepburn [later 1st Lord Hailes, Conservative Chief Whip] (3); James Thomas [later 1st Lord Cilcennin, Vice-Chairman of Conservative and Unionist Party] (6); various representatives of Conservative and Unionist Central Office including George Christ (14); 1st Lord Woolton [earlier Frederick Marquis, Chairman, Conservative and Unionist Central Office] (11); Sir [James] Clifford Tozer on Plymouth [Devon] Fair; Moss Turner-Samuels; Julius Holmes [Minister,...
Dates: Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A., 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/145A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Haile Selassie, Emperor [of Ethiopia] (2); Grant Duff Ainslie on the loss of India; "Brookie" [1st Lord Alanbrooke, earlier Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff] on subjects including the evacuation of British troops from Egypt (6); "Jimmy", 17th Duke of Alba, on subjects including Andres Revesz's biography of 1st Duke of Marlborough, and being prevented from leaving Spain (7); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on the country's need for WSC's...
Dates: 05 Jan 1946 - 30 Jun 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence M - Q., 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/153A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Mabane [Director, Kemsley Newspapers] asking if WSC could contribute to the Sunday Chronicle on United Europe and fears of a Socialist State; Marjorie Madan on publishing quotations from WSC (4); Stuart Mais on dedicating a book to WSC; 1st Lord Margesson; Louis Marin, member, French National Assembly; Reginald Marnham [WSC's neighbour] (4); Douglas Marshall, MP for Bodmin [Cornwall] conveying greetings from his constituency; John Martin [former Private...
Dates: 31 Oct 1945 - 27 Jan 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 290 - 297, closed under S40 and S41(1) of the Freedom of Information Act on advice from the Cabinet Office. Review date: 1 Jan 2021.
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Q - Roo., 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/196
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Quickswood [earlier Lord Hugh Cecil] on subjects including WSC's career, chances of war with the Soviet Union, and WSC's speeches (6); Admiral Arthur Radford; Prince Rainier of Monaco (2); Raja Sir Maharaj Singh; Habib Rahimtoola, Governor of Sind, Pakistan; J Arthur Rank, Chairman, Rank Organisation Limited, on a film about Douglas Bader; Helen Reid [Chairman], New York Herald Tribune, on the Herald Tribune Forum; 1st Lord Reith, former Chairman, Imperial...
Dates: 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: various papers. [most date from 1943]., Jan 1939 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/462
Scope and Contents Includes: cutting from the Daily Telegraph on a broadcast by President [Franklin] Roosevelt on ?13 February 1943 on matters including the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers and the situation in North Africa; list of members of the Other Club; copies of poem by [Arthur] Weber-Brown on WSC and Roosevelt; extract from a lecture given by WSC to the Royal United Services Institution on 17 April 1901 on the war in South Africa; cutting from the St Louis Post-Dispatch [United States] on the...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) E - G., May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/226
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: General Ira Eaker, Deputy Commander, United States Army Air Forces (2); Dwight Eisenhower on subjects including the death of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to Franklin Roosevelt], and histories of the Second World War (5); Harry Butcher, former naval aide to Eisenhower, on publishing his diaries; J C Thomson [British Consul, Miami] (3); Sir Francis Evans [British Consul-General, New York]; Clarence Streit, President, Federal Union; Millard...
Dates: May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches:., 1906

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/19
Scope and Contents Cutting from Liverpool Daily Post and Mercury, report of speech by WSC to Liverpool Chamber of Commerce, at the Adelphi Hotel, Liverpool, 5 May, on the Government's Colonial policy, railway and river development, the cotton trade and the needs of Lancashire. Published Complete Speeches I, pp.618-624, under the title, "The Development of the Crown Colonies".Printed pamphlet, speech by WSC "Liberalism and Socialism", St Andrew's Hall, Glasgow. Published Complete Speeches I, pp.671-677...
Dates: 1906
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons., c 1901

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/5
Scope and Contents

Notes and drafts for speech by WSC on The South African War Manuscript and typescript.

Dates: c 1901
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal [South Africa] Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes., 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/47A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and galley proofs for WSC's speech (5 March, House of Commons) entitled "Defence" on subjects including: WSC's resignation as Minister of Defence; the Conservatives' voting on defence while in Opposition; the short-fall of defence spending; aid from the United States; the scarcity of home defence, and the training of new forces, including the registration of the Home Guard and forming of new battalions; the extension of National Service; armoured forces and new...
Dates: 05 Mar 1952 - 26 Jun 1952
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/34A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (24 April, House of Commons) entitled "The Budget" on subjects including: the Government's overspending, inflation and its effects on wage- earners; Government borrowing and payment of war debts; poor future prospects for the economy; the rise in the petrol ration and the house-building programme; Government taxation on high incomes, petrol and on transport vehicles; WSC's recommendations for cuts in expenditure on defence, the National Health...
Dates: 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/37A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes, typescript and transcript of WSC's speech (11 August, Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg [France]) entitled "European Unity and a European Army" on subjects including: the need for a European Assembly to remain in close contact with European governments and parliaments; the gradual process of building up the European Parliament; guidance to be given to governments on issues such as the Schuman Plan [for the European Coal and Steel Community]; support for...
Dates: 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Colonial Affairs., 1907

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/25
Scope and Contents

Manuscript notes and source material for speech on Colonial Peference, including extract from Canadian House of Commons [WSC spoke on "Imperial Preference" on 15 Jul 1907 Complete Speeches I, pp 814-822].

Dates: 1907
Conditions Governing Access: Open
  • 1
  • 2