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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 49 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: Articles., 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/281
Scope and Contents Proofs, newspaper cuttings and research notes for various articles by WSC for the Daily Telegraph: "Fleets of Britain and America" on the naval building programmes of Great Britain and the United States; "Mr Churchill on the abuse of the dole" on WSC's opinions of the dole, the live register of unemployment and national insurance; a series of articles on "The Crucial Crises of the [First World] War" on the Battle of the Marne [France], Admiral [John] De Robeck and the minefields at the...
Dates: 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: Articles by WSC for the Daily Mail., 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/300
Scope and Contents Includes proofs and cuttings of various articles: "Run down by a motor" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "The dole" on unemployment and Labour Party policy; "Nothing but humbug" on political affairs and the likelihood of a General Election; "India insistent" a review of a book by Sir Harcourt Butler on British policy and problems in India; "The two issues now before the nation" on the position of the British empire, fiscal policy and a meeting between Ramsay MacDonald and David...
Dates: 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: Collier's Magazine., 24 Mar 1937 - 19 Jun 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/575
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "A King is Crowned" on the relationship between the Crown and the Empire, George VI and past coronations; "The Changing Face of Divorce" on the history of divorce law, including the Sir Charles Dilke and Virginia Crawford case, divorce's growing social acceptability and benefits; "Edward VIII", reviewing Hector Bolitho's "Edward VIII".Also includes: press cuttings on divorce and on the wedding of the Duke of Windsor...
Dates: 24 Mar 1937 - 19 Jun 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles, Evening Standard., Mar 1936 - Dec 1936

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/543
Scope and Contents Annotated proofs of the following articles by WSC: "Britain, Germany and Locarno" and "Stop it Now!" on the need for the League of Nations to act on German troops entering the Rhineland [Germany]; "Where Do We Stand?" on the results of Italy's invasion of Abyssinia [Ethiopia] and the British policy on it; "How Germany is Arming" on German military expenditure; "Our Navy Must Be Stronger"; "Organise Our Supplies" on efficient munitions production; "How to Stop War" on the need for a grand...
Dates: Mar 1936 - Dec 1936
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: articles: News of the World 2., Jun 1937 - Jul 1937

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/565
Scope and Contents

Annotated proofs and press cuttings of the following articles by WSC: "When the Crash Came to the United States" on the Wall Street Crash; "The Dominions are Partners of Empire" on the strengths of the British Empire; "Chief Factors in our Social Revolution" on the development of social legislation.

Dates: Jun 1937 - Jul 1937
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: News of the World articles by WSC: 4., Oct 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/617
Scope and Contents Includes annotated proofs, galley proofs and cuttings from the News of the World for: "Workers of Britain Have Come into their Own" on social services, education, National Insurance, savings, the Trade Board, child labour, and hours of work; "Health Comes First in Social Progress" on physical training schemes, improvements in sanitation, building new housing estates, cheap rents, encouraging families, allotments and promoting rural areas; "Necessity is Indeed the Mother of Invention" on the...
Dates: Oct 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 1., 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/690
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "Tank Tactics" on the development of the tank during World War I, its initial rejection, WSC's intervention, and its use in action at the Battles of the Somme and Cambrai [France]; "Crime and Punishment" on WSC's experiences as Home Secretary, penal and prison reform, and new forms of punishment for young offenders; "The King Who Saved England" on the life and reign of King George V, his coming to the throne, changes to the constitution, his...
Dates: 05 Jan 1941 - 16 Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 6., 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/670
Scope and Contents Includes cuttings from the Sunday Dispatch for: "How It Feels to be a Road Accident Victim" on WSC's accident in New York [United States]; "Parliament", defending the British parliamentary system, an historical examination of developments in the rights of the individual citizen, contrasting the British system with that of the dictatorships, and explaining its structure; "The Other Side of Flying" on developments in air travel, the autogyro, gliding, an historical review, and the benefits of...
Dates: 18 Aug 1940 - 22 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open.
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Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, C - D., 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 3/76A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Woodford Conservative Association including W Hubert Barlow-Wheeler, Honorary Secretary and Agent (17); Peter Hudson, Private Secretary to the Minister of Transport (5); [Margaret] Barbara Sloman [Assistant Principal], Treasury; Stuart Mallinson; Gordon Wilson, Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War; Arthur Hockaday, Private Secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty; Stuart Gilbert, Private Secretary to the Minister of...
Dates: 15 Apr 1951 - 16 Dec 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for folios 199 - 203 and 269 - 273, closed for 75 years until 2029, and folios 79 - 83, closed for 100 years until 2054, on grounds of data protection due to the presence of sensitive and personal information on potentially living individuals.
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Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S., Dec 1948 - Dec 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/85A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Count Edward Raczynski, former Polish Ambassador to United Kingdom; George Zdziechowski, former Polish Finance Minister, on the international economic situation and the Marshall Plan; Prime Minister Clement Attlee; representatives of the Conservative Research Department including R A Butler (4); Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Craddock; Antony Head; Juliet, Lady Rhys Williams (3) including 2 on her social security scheme; representatives of Conservative and Unionist...
Dates: Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/21
Scope and Contents Proof copy (2nd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of Commons), entitled...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 23 May 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Proofs., 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/22
Scope and Contents Proof copy (3rd revise) of volume of speeches by WSC on "The Record of the Government" and "Social Organisation" and "The Budget", with extensive manuscript annotations by WSC, containing:.Speech by WSC (5 April 1906, House of Commons) entitled "The Conciliation of South Africa". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 607 - 14.Speech by WSC (31 July 1906, House of Commons), entitled "The Transvaal Consitution". Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 647 - 62.Speech by WSC (17 December, House of...
Dates: 05 Apr 1906 - 09 Oct 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/51A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (17 April 1953, Scottish Unionist Association Annual General Meeting, Green's Playhouse, Glasgow [Scotland]) entitled "The Government's Record" on subjects including: the latest Budget, including tax cuts and the encouragement of free enterprise; the strengthened Government position; relations with the Trade Unions; the drop in unemployment; support for the Welfare State; the housing situation; the Labour Government's financial mismanagement;...
Dates: 10 Dec 1948 - 10 Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/56A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and transcripts for WSC's speech (9 October, Conservative Party Conference, Winter Gardens, Blackpool [Lancashire]) entitled "'Peace Through Strength'" on subjects including: the achievements of the Government, including restored national solvency, the dismantling of wartime economic controls and the work done by Conservative MPs; the corrective influence of the press on politics; the need for stable government; the 2-Party system, and common ground between Conservatives and...
Dates: 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard., 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/57A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 January, National Federation of Building Trade Employers' Dinner, Dorchester Hotel [London]) entitled "The Building Industry" on WSC's bricklayer status, the increasing part played by the Trade Unions and the influence of Union leaders, the past uncertainty of building trade employment, present stable employment conditions and long-term building demand, the increasing accord between the Unions and employers, the ending of direct controls on the industry, the...
Dates: 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1909 - Dec 1909

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/32
Scope and Contents Typescript of WSC's speech (5 March 1909) on Daylight Saving Bill [introducing British Summer Time, one hour ahead of GMT]. Published: Complete Speeches II, pp 1183 - 7.Typescript and manuscript notes for WSC's speeches on Labour Exchanges [WSC spoke on Labour Exchanges Bill on 19 May, 16 June and 2 July 1909]. Complete Speeches II, pp 1239 - 47, 1264 - 71 and 1276 - 7.Manuscript notes for WSC's speeches on the Railway Amalgamation Bill [WSC spoke on Railway Amalgamation on 31 Mar, 5 and 6...
Dates: Jan 1909 - Dec 1909
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and print., 13 Oct 1924 - 07 May 1925

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/71
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (7 April) on the German Reparation (Recovery) Act, as an alternative method of receiving reparations through the new trade treaty with Germany. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3546 - 3554.Speech notes for WSC's Budget statement (28 April) on Philip Snowden's last Budget as former Chancellor of the Exchequer, the National Debt, the return to the Gold Standard, expenditure and revenue, estate duty, tax on luxury goods, import duty on hops, the re-imposition...
Dates: 13 Oct 1924 - 07 May 1925
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, press cuttings and Hansard., 04 Feb 1930 - 02 Jun 1930

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/90
Scope and Contents A copy of Hansard, reporting the debate on the Coal Mines Bill (4 February), including a speech by WSC on amendments to the bill. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4705 - 4707.Speech notes for WSC's speech (13 March), entitled "Unemployment (Industrial and Fiscal Policy)" on the Labour Government's aggravation of bad economic conditions by taxation. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4713 - 4721.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (28 March), entitled "Unemployment Insurance" on the...
Dates: 04 Feb 1930 - 02 Jun 1930
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and Hansard., 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/93A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (26 January), entitled "India - 'A Frightful Prospect'" on poor recent handling of Indian affairs, Indian hopes for Dominion status and a Federal Government, parallels with South Africa and Ireland and the effects of losing India. Also includes an extract from Hansard reporting the debate. Published: Complete Speeches V pp 4947 - 4956.Speech notes and typescript for WSC's speech (28 January), entitled "'Cut Its Dirty Throat' - Trade Disputes and...
Dates: 26 Jan 1931 - 12 Mar 1931
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material., 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/74
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (17 February), entitled "The Road Fund" on Parliament putting restrictions on raising money, and the constitutional procedure of the Budget. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3828 - 3833.Typescript of WSC's statement [February] on the Civil Service sports grant.Speech notes for WSC's statement (9 March), entitled "Military Civil Servants (Pensions)", on pension rights for ex-servicemen. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 3857 - 3863.Speech notes for WSC's...
Dates: 17 Feb 1926 - 25 Mar 1926
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript, source material and press cuttings., 26 Apr 1928 - 09 Nov 1928

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/84
Scope and Contents Typescript for [? Neville Chamberlain, Minister of Health]'s draft reply to David Lloyd George [Leader of the Liberal Party] on local rating reform.Speech notes for WSC's statement (1 May), entitled "The Budget (Kerosene Duty)". Also includes extracts from Hansard reporting the statement. Published: Complete Speeches IV pp 4410 - 4416.Speech notes for WSC's statement (5 June), entitled "Finance Bill (Rating Reform)", for the 2nd reading of the bill, on rating relief for industry and Liberal...
Dates: 26 Apr 1928 - 09 Nov 1928
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons., Feb 1912 - Sep 1912

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/43
Scope and Contents Printed pamphlet, press reports and manuscript notes for speech on Irish Home Rule, Celtic Park Football Ground, Belfast, 8 Feb 1912 Published Complete Speeches II, pp.1899-1909.Cuttings from the Times reporting speech by WSC on Naval Defence, to the Clyde Navigation Trustees, 9 Feb 1912 [Glasgow, Scotland]. Published Complete Speeches II, pp.1909-14 [WSC's first major speech as First Lord of the Admiralty]. See CHAR 9/43/41-42 for more detailed description of article.Press cutting,...
Dates: Feb 1912 - Sep 1912
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes., Jan 1908 - Dec 1908

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/31
Scope and Contents Typescript of speech by WSC (23 January 1908, Birmingham Town Hall) entitled "Social Policy" on free trade and social policy. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 883 - 8.Typescript of speech by WSC (2 April 1908, Sun Hall, Liverpool) entitled "Tariff Reform and Unemployment" on taxation and unemployment. Published: Complete Speeches I, pp 921 - 9.Manuscript and typescript notes for Election addresses by WSC in Manchester, including (14 April, Grand Theatre, Manchester) on subjects including...
Dates: Jan 1908 - Dec 1908
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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