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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on producing volume 6 ("Triumph and Tragedy") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Mar 1949 - Nov 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/63A-C
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary of the Cabinet] (7); Harry Truman on WSC reproducing telegrams from him (2); representatives of Time-Life International including George Caturani, Connie Graebner, Walter Graebner, and Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine] (47); John Killick [Private Secretary to Parliamentary Under-Secretary] (Foreign Office); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (6); representatives of the Daily Telegraph including Managing...
Dates: Mar 1949 - Nov 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer., Aug 1945 - Jan 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/15A-C
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Henry Laughlin [President of Houghton Mifflin Company, publishers] (2); William Edwards, [Assistant Director] Federation of British Industries; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Grace Hamblin, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Anne Hipwell, and...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, A-L., Apr 1947 - Sep 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/16
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of the New York Times including General Manager Julius Adler (6), publisher Arthur Sulzberger, Chief Correspondent Herbert Matthews (5), and Chief European Correspondent Raymond Daniell (5); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (6); William Deakin (12); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz] (12); Jacques Pirenne, Secretary to King [Leopold of Belgium]; French Defence Minister Paul Ramadier; General Pierre Billotte...
Dates: Apr 1947 - Sep 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, M-Z., Sep 1946 - Dec 1954

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/17A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Chikao Honda, President of the Mainichi Newspapers, on the Japanese edition of the memoirs; Henry Laughlin, President of Houghton Mifflin Company [publishers] (6); representatives of the New York Times including Chief European Correspondent Raymond Daniell (5), Chief Correspondent Herbert Matthews (9), Gilbert Bailey (London Editor, Sunday Department) (4), and publisher Arthur Sulzberger (29); General George Marshall; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3); Lord...
Dates: Sep 1946 - Dec 1954
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), A-B., Sep 1945 - Jun 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/18A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: William Deakin (9); [George Gordon] Allen (16); Sir John Slessor on information on the Coastal Command in 1943; Thomas Allen, publisher, on Canadian editions of the memoirs (5); 1st Lord Altrincham [earlier Sir Edward Grigg] on Sir Edward Spears reviewing "Their Finest Hour" (volume 2); "Max", 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken]; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2); Ernest Passant, Director of Research, Librarian and Keeper of the Papers, Foreign Office...
Dates: Sep 1945 - Jun 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants (mainly volumes 5 and 6) and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), G-Z., Feb 1947 - Jul 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/25A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Air Chief Marshal Sir Guy Garrod (3); Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (19); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (21); William Deakin (5); General 1st Lord Ismay (7); Prime Minister's Private Secretary John Colville (4); Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine] (2); Walter Graebner [London representative of Time-Life International]; Charles Wood [WSC's literary assistant] (64); Arthur Hayward [Chief Editor],...
Dates: Feb 1947 - Jul 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: lists of recordings by WSC and cuttings from "Into Battle" and "The Unrelenting Struggle"., [1941] - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/3
Scope and Contents Includes lists of recordings from the above books, "The Gathering Storm" [volume 1 of "The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"; pages cut from: "Into Battle" featuring WSC's speeches (13 May, 28 May, 4 June, 18 June, and 20 August 1940) on becoming Prime Minister, the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France], and the role of the RAF in the Battle of Britain; and "The Unrelenting Struggle" featuring WSC's joint messages with President...
Dates: [1941] - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: 'Final' proofs., 12 Aug 1948 - 17 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/182A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The...
Dates: 12 Aug 1948 - 17 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Master copy proofs., 21 Jan 1949 - 24 Mar 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/180
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11 "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the...
Dates: 21 Jan 1949 - 24 Mar 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for CSC., 20 Jan 1948 - 25 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/189
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 11 "Admiral [Jean] Darlan and the French Fleet. Oran" [Algeria]...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 25 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/187A-D
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence"); Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence");...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for William Deakin., 12 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/191A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils"; Chapter 7 "Back to France"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 10 "The...
Dates: 12 Aug 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Miscellanea., 18 Sep 1939 - 22 Mar 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/201A-C
Scope and Contents Includes various typescript and galley proofs from: the title pages, preface and contents table for Volume 2; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Italian Campaign Against France"); Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 9 "The French Agony"; Chapter 12 "The Apparatus of Counter- Attack. 1940"; Chapter 13 "At...
Dates: 18 Sep 1939 - 22 Mar 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/393
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Monsieur Campinchi, French Minister of Marine; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph sending on a United States article published in the Telegraph; Robert Cary; [1st] Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (?2) including (1) on the League [of Nations]; Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood]; Neville Chamberlain (5) on subjects including his health, government policy, and his resignation; Sir Evan...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D., 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/140
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Max Aitken, MP for Holborn [London]; John Addis [Junior Private Secretary to the Prime Minister]; 17th Duke of Alba (2); "Alex", Field Marshal Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis], Supreme Allied Commander [Mediterranean], on subjects including WSC's visit to Italy (5); Leo Amery on subjects including Britain's place in Europe (3); General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine]; Frank Giles [Private Secretary to the...
Dates: 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence B., 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/146A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Hugo Baring; 2nd Lord Baldwin of Bewdley; Consuelo Balsan [earlier Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough] (2); Don Domingo de las Barcenas, Spanish Ambassador to Britain, on the attitude of the United Nations to Spain, and worsening relations with Britain; Gunilla, Lady Barnes, on the death of Sir Reginald Barnes; "Reggie" [Sir Reginald Barnes] (3); Herman Baruch, United States Ambassador to the Netherlands; Beverley Baxter; Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands; 10th Duke...
Dates: 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Ca - Col., 22 Oct 1951 - 29 Nov 1959

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/182A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: "Jock", John Colville [Joint Principal Private Secretary to WSC] on subjects including WSC's income, reaction in the United States to President Dwight Eisenhower's illness and the possible marriage of Princess Margaret, Averell Harriman and democratic policies and anti-Americanism in Britain (17); Sir Alexander Cadogan; Alice, Lady Cahill; Louis St Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada; Geoffrey Fisher, Archbishop of Canterbury; H A Cape on playing polo with WSC (4); Lord...
Dates: 22 Oct 1951 - 29 Nov 1959
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/201A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (28 September) on the war situation including: successes in France, the liberation of Paris, and landings in the South of France; fighting in Italy; a tribute to the achievements of the British and United States armies; casualty figures; the campaign in Burma [later Myanmar] and progress against Japan; the use of DDT; setbacks in China; the modernisation of the British fleet; the position of Eastern European countries; and the presidential elections in the...
Dates: 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, newspaper cuttings and source material., 19 May 1940 - 23 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/176A-B
Scope and Contents BBC broadcast by WSC (19 May) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government. Source material includes notes from Andrew Stewart. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6220-23.BBC broadcast by WSC (17 June) entitled "The news from France is very bad" on the capitulation of France. Published: Complete Speeches VI, p 6231.BBC broadcast by WSC (14 July) entitled "War of the unknown warriors" on the disabling of the...
Dates: 19 May 1940 - 23 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/145
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (9 October, [Caxton Hall, London]) on his leadership of the Conservative Party and the retirement of Neville Chamberlain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6294-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (21 October, BBC) to the people of France entitled "Dieu protege la France". Also includes French translation of WSC's broadcast. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6296-8.Notes for WSC's speech (9 November, Mansion House [London]) entitled "A long road to tread" on the illness of...
Dates: 09 Oct 1940 - 24 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open