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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Appendices: Copy and provisional proofs., 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/112
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of the appendices to Volume 1 including: Appendix A "A Conversation with Count [Dino] Grandi" [Italian Ambassador to Britain]; Appendix B "A Note on the Fleet Air Arm"; Appendix D "My Statement on the Occasion of the Deputation of Conservative Members of Both Houses to the Prime Minister, July 28 1936"; Appendix F "Tables of Naval Strength, September 3 1939"; Appendix G "Minute of September 12 1939, Plan 'Catherine'"; Appendix H "New Construction and...
Dates: 20 May 1938 - 20 Feb 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Chapter 17 "The Blitz"., 08 Mar 1948 - 13 Apr 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/163
Scope and Contents

Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 17 entitled "The Blitz" (provisionally entitled "The Blitz Continues" and "'London Can Take It'"), annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, William Deakin, Denis Kelly, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], 1st Lord Ismay, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] and CSC.

Dates: 08 Mar 1948 - 13 Apr 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"., 11 Jan 1947 - 04 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/164
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 18 entitled "'London Can Take It'" (provisionally entitled "Some Personal Notes on the Blitz"), annotated with suggested amendments and corrections by various individuals including: WSC, William Deakin, Denis Kelly, Lieutenant- General Sir Henry Pownall, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], 1st Lord Ismay, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] and CSC.Also includes: galley proofs from Chapter 17 "The...
Dates: 11 Jan 1947 - 04 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance": Chapter 3 "Blitz and Anti-Blitz. Hess"., 08 Jul 1947 - 30 Jun 1951

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/205A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of Chapter 3 entitled "Blitz and Anti-Blitz. [Rudolf] Hess" (provisionally entitled "Blitz and Radar. 1941", "The Blitz and Radio War. 1941" and "The Air and the U-boats"), annotated with notes and comments from various individuals including: WSC, Denis Kelly, Charles Wood, 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann], Professor R V Jones, Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Jay Gold, CSC, Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the...
Dates: 08 Jul 1947 - 30 Jun 1951
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence H-J., 03 Jun 1938 - 09 Oct 1939

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 7/56A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Lieutenant J E G Halsey (4); Brendan Bracken; Sir James Hawkey, Vice-Chairman of Epping Division Conservative Association (12); Sir John Anderson [Lord Privy Seal, later 1st Lord Waverley] on ARP Controllers and London Regional Commissioners (3); Walter Elliot [Minister of Health]; H E Hounsell (5).Subjects include: Conservative Central Office undermining WSC in Epping; Supplementary Reserve and Territorial Army commissions; air raid shelters; munitions profiteering;...
Dates: 03 Jun 1938 - 09 Oct 1939
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General public correspondence., Jan 1940 - Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/400
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Arthur Bateman criticising the government; Alfred Bergman, ?director of Remington Typewriter Company, on his campaign to persuade the United States to enter the war (14); Edward Hulton, Managing Director of Picture Post, requesting an interview with WSC. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and [Gwen] Davies, [Admiralty] Private Secretary [Bernard] Sendall, [Prime Minister's Private Secretaries] "J H P" [John Peck],...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, T-Z., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/399
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Archbishop of York William Temple, [Sir] Hugh Tudor, Alice, Lady Wimborne (2), 2nd Lord Wimborne [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers], and Edward, Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and Edward VIII], congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister; Captain William Tennant on Dunkirk [France]; Benjamin Tillett praising the "gallantry of the Sea Titans"; Ronald Tree and Sir Ralph Wedgwood, [Chairman] Railway Executive Committee, thanking WSC for...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/142A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (8 October) on the Battle of Britain, the Home Guard and the Home Front, Hitler's threat to invade Britain, events at Dakar [Senegal], the desertion of Vichy France, the Burma road and events in Spain. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6284-94.Notes for WSC's statement (17 October) on Robert Boothby [Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Food] and Czechoslovak claims.Notes for WSC's speech (5 November) on the war situation, including the air battles, the bombing of...
Dates: 08 Oct 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/174A-C
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (5 September) on the war situation and an agreement with the United States over destroyers and defence bases, events in Romania, the achievements of the RAF, damage through bombing and the insurance scheme, evacuation, air raid warnings and other Home Front issues. Source material includes: notes and correspondence from Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Vice-Chief of Air Staff], Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook] (2), Arthur Cary [Assistant Principal, Air Ministry] (4),...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 03 May 1944 - 06 Jul 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/199A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (24 May) on the foreign affairs debate entitled "The world situation" including: a meeting of the Dominion Prime Ministers; the unity of empire; discontinuation of arms to Turkey; the fall of Mussolini and the position of Italy; relations with and events in Spain, Greece, Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union and Poland. Also includes correspondence from: Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (4): Count Edward Reventlow [Danish Minister at the Court of St...
Dates: 03 May 1944 - 06 Jul 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/194A-B
Scope and Contents Press cuttings of WSC's broadcast from Washington, United States (14 May) on the Home Guard in which he pays tribute to the members of the Home Guard. Also includes correspondence from Sydney Redman [Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for War]; Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Thomas Moore [Chairman of the Home Guard Joint Parliamentary Committee] (3); Robert Gransden; George Anderson, Principal Officer Eastern civil defence region (2); telegrams from the Ministry of Information;...
Dates: 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/152A-B
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's speech (14 July, County Hall, London) entitled the "Grit and Stamina of London" on the German bombing of London, the prospects for the future, and British bombing of Germany. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6448-52.Brief notes for WSC's speech (14 July, Civil Defence Review, Hyde Park, London). Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6447-8.Also includes cuttings from the Yorkshire Post and the Glasgow Herald reporting the above two speeches.Cutting from the Times on the...
Dates: 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 12 Mar 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/394/94-95
Scope and Contents

Letter from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] to Maryott Whyte, on an estimate from Hammond and Hussey Limited, for a long ladder for use at Chartwell [Kent] in case of incendiary bombs.

Dates: 12 Mar 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 30 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/394/11
Scope and Contents

Note from Mary Shearburn [Secretary to WSC, later Mary Thompson] to WSC, confirming that although construction of Anderson Shelters had ceased, there were a few available, at 10 pounds for a six seater, and 15 pounds for one accommodating up to 10 people [annotated by WSC, asking her to buy a large shelter for Chartwell, Kent].

Dates: 30 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 28 Aug 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 1/394/13
Scope and Contents

Note from Mary Shearburn [Secretary to WSC, later Mary Thompson] to WSC, on air raid precautions at Chartwell [Kent], noting that there were adequate shelters for the staff and the cottages, that for anyone sleeping in the "big house" there was a cellar which would make a splendid shelter, leading out of the day nursery, and that if an Anderson Shelter were required for CSC when staying in the new cottage, a good place for it would be opposite the door to the muniment room.

Dates: 28 Aug 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.