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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 34 Collections and/or Records:

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 File

Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer., Aug 1945 - Jan 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/15A-C
Scope and Contents Other correspondents include: Henry Laughlin [President of Houghton Mifflin Company, publishers] (2); William Edwards, [Assistant Director] Federation of British Industries; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor]. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from: secretaries Jo Sturdee ("N S") [later Lady Onslow], Chips Gemmell, Lettice Marston [later Lettice Shillingford], Elizabeth Gilliatt, Grace Hamblin, Jane Portal [later Lady Williams of Elvel], Anne Hipwell, and...
Dates: Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the publication of WSC's "Secret Session Speeches"., Oct 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/5A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Time-Life International, including [London representative] Walter Graebner and Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Charles Eade, [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (30); David Walker, [Foreign correspondent] of the Daily Mirror; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] on the official implications of publishing the speeches (3); representatives of Simon and Schuster, Incorporated (6); representatives of Cassell and Company Limited...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: lists of recordings by WSC and cuttings from "Into Battle" and "The Unrelenting Struggle"., [1941] - 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/3
Scope and Contents Includes lists of recordings from the above books, "The Gathering Storm" [volume 1 of "The Second World War"], and "The World Crisis"; pages cut from: "Into Battle" featuring WSC's speeches (13 May, 28 May, 4 June, 18 June, and 20 August 1940) on becoming Prime Minister, the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France], and the role of the RAF in the Battle of Britain; and "The Unrelenting Struggle" featuring WSC's joint messages with President...
Dates: [1941] - 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Defence: Correspondence and papers., 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/302
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Sir Philip Gibbs on the inefficiency of the RAF; Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt [former Vice-President of the Tank Board] (2); Sir William Beveridge [Director of London School of Economics and Political Science]; Oswald Frewen on working with German and Italian sailors, German fanaticism, Italian aid to Franco and how the policies of Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] encourage Germany and Italy; Leo Amery; Basil Liddell Hart; Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Henderson...
Dates: 09 Jan 1937 - 23 Feb 1938
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, C-D, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership., Jan 1940 - Dec 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/393
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Monsieur Campinchi, French Minister of Marine; [1st] Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief] of the Daily Telegraph sending on a United States article published in the Telegraph; Robert Cary; [1st] Lord Cecil of Chelwood [earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (?2) including (1) on the League [of Nations]; Lord Hugh Cecil [later 1st Lord Quickswood]; Neville Chamberlain (5) on subjects including his health, government policy, and his resignation; Sir Evan...
Dates: Jan 1940 - Dec 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: various papers. [most date from 1943]., Jan 1939 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/462
Scope and Contents Includes: cutting from the Daily Telegraph on a broadcast by President [Franklin] Roosevelt on ?13 February 1943 on matters including the unconditional surrender of the Axis Powers and the situation in North Africa; list of members of the Other Club; copies of poem by [Arthur] Weber-Brown on WSC and Roosevelt; extract from a lecture given by WSC to the Royal United Services Institution on 17 April 1901 on the war in South Africa; cutting from the St Louis Post-Dispatch [United States] on the...
Dates: Jan 1939 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) E - G., May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/226
Scope and Contents Correspondents on WSC's visit include: General Ira Eaker, Deputy Commander, United States Army Air Forces (2); Dwight Eisenhower on subjects including the death of Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to Franklin Roosevelt], and histories of the Second World War (5); Harry Butcher, former naval aide to Eisenhower, on publishing his diaries; J C Thomson [British Consul, Miami] (3); Sir Francis Evans [British Consul-General, New York]; Clarence Streit, President, Federal Union; Millard...
Dates: May 1945 - 10 Sep 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard., 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/159
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC], "Hansard" and press cuttings for WSC's speech (11 Feb 1943) on the War Situation, including the Casablanca Conference, the Battle of the Atlantic, War in the Far East, North Africa, (praising General Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander, Eighth Army]). Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6742 - 55.Extract from "Hansard" on WSC's short statement (24 Mar 1943) on the Tunisian Campaign. Published: Complete Speeches VII, p...
Dates: 11 Feb 1943 - 27 Jul 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/140A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (23 May) on fighting in France. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Published: Complete Speeches VI p 6223.Hansard copy of statement by WSC (28 May) on the fall of Belgium. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6223-4.Notes for WSC's speech (4 June) entitled "Wars are not won by evacuations" on the fall of Belgium, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk [France] and the successes of the RAF. Speech includes the phrase "We shall fight on the...
Dates: 23 May 1940 - 04 Jul 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/141A-B
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (30 July) on making the remainder of the day's sitting a secret session. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard.Statement by WSC (17 September, secret session) on the danger to the Houses of Parliament posed by air raids and possible changes to House of Commons procedures as a consequence of this threat. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6280-3.Hansard copy of WSC's statement (13 August) on an aeroplane disaster involving Australian ministers and military...
Dates: 30 Jul 1940 - 17 Sep 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material., 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/148A-B
Scope and Contents Hansard copies of WSC's statements (9 July) on the occupation of Iceland by United States troops, the appeal for arms from Eire (Southern Ireland) to the United States, and British losses in Syria. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6446-7.Notes for WSC's statement (15 July) on the production debate, the Anglo-Soviet Agreement against Germany, its effect on Poland, and the end of the Syrian campaign. Also includes relevant extract from Hansard. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp...
Dates: 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/174A-C
Scope and Contents Statement by WSC (5 September) on the war situation and an agreement with the United States over destroyers and defence bases, events in Romania, the achievements of the RAF, damage through bombing and the insurance scheme, evacuation, air raid warnings and other Home Front issues. Source material includes: notes and correspondence from Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Vice-Chief of Air Staff], Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook] (2), Arthur Cary [Assistant Principal, Air Ministry] (4),...
Dates: 05 Sep 1940 - 08 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/179A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) in a secret session debate on shipping, the Battle of the Atlantic, merchant shipping losses, imports and the threat posed by U-Boats. Source material includes correspondence from Sir Andrew Hardinge [Private Secretary to King George VI] (2), Eric Speed (2), Percy Cudlipp, editor of the Daily Herald, and Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet] (2); copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC]; and an extract...
Dates: 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/185A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 July) on the central direction of the war including: setbacks in Egypt and Cyrenaica [Libya] including the fall of Tobruk to forces under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and WSC's confidence in General Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief Middle East]; press coverage of the war and the freedom of war correspondents; his meeting with President Roosevelt and the strength of the alliance with the United States; ship-building and the production and deployment of...
Dates: 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/190A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (11 February) on the war situation including: the U Boat war; losses on all fronts; ship-building in the United States; decisions made at the Casablanca [Morocco] with President Roosevelt; a tribute to the achievements of General Sir Harold Alexander as Commander in Chief Middle East and General Sir Bernard Montgomery as General Officer commanding the 8th Army; support for Turkey; his visit to Cyprus, Cairo [Egypt] and Tripoli [Italy]; events and operations in...
Dates: 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/192A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (27 July) on the fall of Mussolini including an assessment of his regime and the principles to be used in negotiations with Italy; and also on events and operations in the Soviet Union and the bombing of Germany. Also includes correspondence from 1st Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States]; Francis Keenlyside [Assistant Secretary in charge of Shipping Policy]; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet]; and...
Dates: 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/200A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's statement (2 August) on the war situation including: successes against Germany and Japan world-wide including the Far East; decisions made at the Quebec [Canada] conference; the Normandy landings; RAF losses; the tanks supplied by the United States and praise for the Sherman and Churchill tanks; the progress of General Sir Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief of the Allied Armies in Italy]; his hopes of victory; flying bombs and the evacuation of London; improved...
Dates: 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/201A-D
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (28 September) on the war situation including: successes in France, the liberation of Paris, and landings in the South of France; fighting in Italy; a tribute to the achievements of the British and United States armies; casualty figures; the campaign in Burma and progress against Japan; the use of DDT; setbacks in China; the modernisation of the British fleet; the position of Eastern European countries; and the presidential elections in the United States. Also...
Dates: 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and press cuttings., 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/166
Scope and Contents Typescript speaking notes and press cuttings for WSC's speech (2 Mar 1944, London) entitled "The Royal College of Physicians" proposing the health of the College and on the National Health Service. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6895 - 7.Press cutting from The Times reporting WSC's speech (23 Mar 1944, London) to United States troops. Published: Complete Speeches VII, pp 6905 - 6.Typescript speaking notes, and press cuttings for WSC's BBC broadcast (26 Mar 1944) entitled "The Hour of...
Dates: 02 Mar 1944 - 04 Jan 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/181A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (9 January, Pilgrim's Society Luncheon, Savoy Hotel, London) entitled "United States co-operation" proposing a toast to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] on his appointment as British Ambassador to the United States and on the death of [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6327-9.BBC broadcast by WSC (9 February) entitled "Give us the tools" on the war situation including: the repulsion of the threat of...
Dates: 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/182A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (3 May) to the Polish people on the attack on Poland by Germany and the siege of Warsaw. Also includes correspondence from Count Edward Raczynski [Polish Ambassador to Great Britain], Anthony Eden [later 1st Lord Avon , Foreign Secretary] and notes and copies of correspondence from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] and John Colville [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6385-7.Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (recorded 29...
Dates: 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/188A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (15 February) on the fall of Singapore and reviewing the war. Subjects covered include: the Atlantic Charter and assistance provided by the United States; operations in the Soviet Union; the entry of Japan into the war; the Home Front and difficulties of food supply; and the strength of China. Also includes correspondence from James Stuart [Government Chief Whip]; Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air]; [General Wladyslaw]...
Dates: 15 Feb 1942 - 15 Mar 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.