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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Diary, 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/ACAD 1/13
Scope and Contents Diary. Subjects covered include: relationships with Churchill, the War Cabinet, and the Foreign Office; Cadogan's involvement in overseas diplomatic visits; ongoing disputes between the Soviet Union and Poland relating to borders and the Curzon Line; meetings and preparations for Operation Overlord and the D-Day landings; notes on the progress of the Italian Campaign and Allied progress in France, Belgium, and Greece; discussions on 'World Organisation' and post-war planning; concerns...
Dates: 1944
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The collection is open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments, on volume 1 ("The Gathering Storm") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Apr 1948 - May 1955

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/48A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Reverend Andrew Blair on Pierre Laval [former head of government, Vichy France]; Belgian General Boels; Robert Boothby; George Bosworth on WSC's role in the 1930s and arms exports to Germany; Timothy Breen (2); Camille Chautemps defending his actions; William Clarke [member of Room 40, naval intelligence]; Kenneth de Courcy on British policy in the years before the war (2); Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]; "Sidney", Lord Herbert [later 16th Lord Pembroke and 13th...
Dates: Apr 1948 - May 1955
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), C-I., Jun 1946 - Dec 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/19A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: 1st Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann] on the atomic bomb; R V Jones; Sir Laurence Collier [British Ambassador to Norway]; William Deakin (12); Ian Colvin (4) including (2) on his book on [General Paul] von Kleist; Robert Sherwood; Sir Alfred Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich] (2); Sir Stafford Cripps sending on extracts from his diary for summer 1939; [George Gordon] Allen (2); Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (3) including (2) on sending draft chapters to...
Dates: Jun 1946 - Dec 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), J-Pownall., Jan 1946 - Apr 1950

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/20A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: R V Jones on bombing science (4); Lieutenant-General Wladyslaw Anders [former Commander, Polish forces in Iran and Palestine] on the Katyn [Soviet Union] massacre; Denis Kelly [WSC's literary assistant] (7); William Deakin (10); Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine]; Frank Rye on the Westminster by-election [1924]; "Bill", 1st Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry, Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph]; 1st Lord Portal [of Hungerford, earlier Sir Charles...
Dates: Jan 1946 - Apr 1950
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 1 "The Gathering Storm": Notes and comments by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall., 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/140A-B
Scope and Contents Includes notes and correspondence concerning research and corrections for Volume 1 of "The Second World War" by Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall on subjects including: German air strength; Soviet aid to Germany, 1920 - 1932; the British military mission to Moscow [Soviet Union], 1939; air defence; the French Air Force; the Graf Spee; the defences of Scapa Flow [Orkney, Scotland]; French rearmament 1930 - 1939; the British Expeditionary Force; Finland; the rearmament survey of...
Dates: 23 Aug 1939 - 23 Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 1: Proofs for Sir Edward Marsh., 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/187A-D
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs from: the preface, title pages and contents table for Book 1; Chapter 1 "The National Coalition" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence"); Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 4 "The March to the Sea"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 6 "The Rush for the Spoils" (provisionally entitled "The Personal Correspondence");...
Dates: 20 Jan 1948 - 14 Sep 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: 'Final' proofs., 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/183A-B
Scope and Contents Includes typescript and galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Appendix A "Minutes and Telegrams, May -...
Dates: 16 Aug 1948 - 21 Feb 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and Appendices: Master copy proofs., 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/181A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 06 Dec 1948 - 21 Dec 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2 and appendices: Proofs for William Deakin., 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/192A-C
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 22 "The Mediterranean Passage"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26...
Dates: 21 Aug 1948 - 30 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Book 2: Proofs for CSC., 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/190A-B
Scope and Contents Includes galley proofs of: contents tables for Book 2; Chapter 16 "The Battle of Britain"; Chapter 17 "The Blitz"; Chapter 18 "'London Can Take It'"; Chapter 19 "The Wizard War"; Chapter 20 "United States Destroyers and West Indian Bases"; Chapter 21 "Egypt and the Middle East"; Chapter 23 "September Tensions"; Chapter 24 "Dakar" [Senegal]; Chapter 25 "Mr Eden's Mission" [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon, Secretary of State for War]; Chapter 26 "Relations with Vichy [France] and Spain"...
Dates: 01 Mar 1948 - 29 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: "The Second World War", Volume 2 "Their Finest Hour": Comments by Sir Norman Brook., 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/193
Scope and Contents Includes notes by Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet] on Volume 2, on subjects including: Chapter 1 "The National Coalition"; Chapter 2 "The Battle of France. The First Week. [General Maurice] Gamelin"; Chapter 3 "The Battle of France. The Second Week. [General Maxime] Weygand"; Chapter 5 "The Deliverance of Dunkirk"; Chapter 8 "Home Defence. June"; Chapter 10 "The Bordeaux Armistice"; Chapter 13 "At Bay" (provisionally entitled "Alone"); Chapter 16 "The...
Dates: 28 Jan 1948 - 01 Nov 1948
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 3 "The Grand Alliance", various material., Jul 1939 - Sep 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/248
Scope and Contents Includes source material for Volume 3 of "The Second World War" including: correspondence from [George] Gordon Allen, William Deakin, Ian Montgomery [Private Secretary to Secretary of the Treasury], Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, Alfred Bavin of the Cabinet Office, and "Pug" [1st Lord Ismay]; notes and transcripts of telegrams on the occupation of France, Operation "Menace" [the code name for the Anglo Free French mission to Dakar, Senegal] and the passage of French cruisers through...
Dates: Jul 1939 - Sep 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/173A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (25 June) entitled "The fall of France" on the capitulation of France, the surrender of the French fleet to Germany and his visit to see [Paul] Reynaud [Prime Minister of France]. Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6239-41.Statement by WSC (4 July) on the British destruction of the French fleet at Oran [Algeria]. Source material includes notes on the co-ordination of intelligence, the role of the Commander-in-Chief of the Home Forces [General Sir Alan Brooke,...
Dates: 25 Jun 1940 - 21 Nov 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/204A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (2 March, Royal College of Physicians, London) on advances in medicine and science and the importance of a National Health Service. Also includes correspondence and source material from: 1st Lord Moran [earlier Charles Wilson] President of the Royal College of Physicians (2); Michael Reed [Private Secretary to Minister of Health]; notes and copies of correspondence from Leslie Rowan [Principal Private Secretary to WSC] and John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC];...
Dates: 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes and other material., 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/153
Scope and Contents Cuttings from the Listener containing the text of WSC's broadcast (8 December, BBC) entitled "The Great Alliance of Free Peoples" on the attack on Pearl Harbor [United States], liaison with President Roosevelt, and the declaration of war on Japan. [Repeat of WSC's speech delivered to the House of Commons earlier that day with one added paragraph; for further material see CHAR 9/149 and CHAR 9/180] Published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6523-6.Notes for WSC's broadcast (24 December, Washington...
Dates: 08 Dec 1941 - 21 Jan 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/138
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (8 August, United States [National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "A hush over Europe" on German and Italian war preparations, and [Adolf] Hitler's pivotal role. Published: Complete Speeches VI pp 6149-51.Notes for WSC's broadcast (1 October, BBC) entitled "The first month of war" on Poland, the Soviet Union, U-boat attacks, the situation in Britain, and Franco-British relations, which includes the phrase that Russia "is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an...
Dates: 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
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Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material., 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/144
Scope and Contents Notes for WSC's broadcast (30 March, BBC) entitled "A hideous state of alarm and menace" on the fate of the neutral nations, German atrocities, particularly in Poland, and wishing to avoid conflict with the Soviet Union. Also includes various cuttings reporting the speech. Part published: Complete Speeches VI, pp 6199-201.Notes for WSC's broadcast (19 May, BBC) entitled "Arm yourselves and be ye men of valour" on the war situation in France and the formation of the coalition government,...
Dates: 30 Mar 1940 - 01 Oct 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 Item

(Untitled), 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/209/5
Scope and Contents Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, May 1945.Includes texts of minutes from WSC (annotated with additional printed information) to: senior civil servants, including Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the War Cabinet]; the Chief Whip [James Stuart]; members of the Cabinet and other government ministers; General Sir Hastings Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence]; the Chiefs of Staff; "C" [Major General Sir Stewart Menzies, Head of Britain's Secret Intelligence...
Dates: 01 May 1945 - 31 May 1945
Conditions Governing Access: Open, except for minutes M 497/5 and C 42/5, which are closed on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review 2021.

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.