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Churchill, Winston Leonard Spencer, Sir, 1874 - 1965 (Knight, statesman and historian)

 Person

Dates

  • Existence: 1874 - 1965

Found in 18 Collections and/or Records:

 File

Broadcasts, 1931-11 - 1952-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 1/7/17
Scope and Contents Texts of broadcasts by LSA on subjects including: Fairbridge Farm Schools in Australia; Empire defence; the economics of Empire; the 1935 Peace Ballot; the Empire and world peace; the politician versus the businessman; the Jewish settlement in Palestine; the Empire Producers Organisation; the way of peace; Germany's debt to European civilisation; tributes to Yugoslavia; why Italy should not become a German ally; the Balkans; commentaries on the war (1940, including Norway and Germany's...
Dates: 1931-11 - 1952-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Literary: Articles: Amalgamated Press., Jan 1934 - Aug 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 8/501
Scope and Contents Proofs, press cuttings and correspondence on the following articles by WSC: "Do Bye-Elections Count?" discounting the East Fulham bye-election, stating the differences between bye-elections and general elections and discussing the divisions in the Conservative Party; "Defence not Defiance" on the current strength of the country; "How we made the Irish treaty" in defence of the Irish Settlement [1922] and WSC's meetings with Michael Collins; "Will the League survive?" on the crisis facing the...
Dates: Jan 1934 - Aug 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence, mainly readers' comments on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War")., Oct 1950 - Aug 1961

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/57A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: General Sir Kenneth Anderson on 1st Army in north Africa; Anthony Moir of Fladgate and Company [WSC's solicitor] (6); Lieutenant-Colonel L V S Blacker (6); Captain John Broome on convoy PQ17; Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Browning on the raid on Bruneval [France]; ?Robert Chapman; Admiral John Godfrey; R G Gregory (4) and Josiah Francis, Australian Minister for the Army, on Australian troops and the Burma campaign; R V Jones on German use of "Window" [the code name...
Dates: Oct 1950 - Aug 1961
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: correspondence on the publication of WSC's "Secret Session Speeches"., Oct 1945 - Apr 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/5A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: representatives of Time-Life International, including [London representative] Walter Graebner and Henry Luce [owner and editor of Time Magazine] (28); Charles Eade, [Editor] of the Sunday Dispatch (30); David Walker, [Foreign correspondent] of the Daily Mirror; Sir Edward Bridges [Secretary to the Cabinet] on the official implications of publishing the speeches (3); representatives of Simon and Schuster, Incorporated (6); representatives of Cassell and Company Limited...
Dates: Oct 1945 - Apr 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Various material., Feb 1942 - Oct 1953

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 4/298
Scope and Contents Includes correspondence on corrections to be made to Volume 4 of "The Second World War" from individuals including: Denis Kelly (5); Charles Wood; WSC on a reference to [?Reginald] Dorman Smith; Sir Norman Brook [later 1st Lord Normanbrook, Secretary to the Cabinet]; 1st Lord Ismay on the need to amend a reference to Gandhi taking glucose during his fast; the Visconde de Meirelles on the use of 'neutral' planes during the war; [George] Gordon Allen; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall (2);...
Dates: Feb 1942 - Oct 1953
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Official: Prime Minister: Far East theatre, 1942-46: proofs and copies of mainly contemporary despatches and reports for publication, with accompanying correspondence. [some material probably used in the production of WSC's "Second World War"]., 1946 - 1947

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 20/252A-B
Scope and Contents From the Series: This class comprises correspondence and papers relating to Churchill's wartime premiership. It includes: private office correspondence; personal telegrams; printed copies of personal minutes, telegrams and reports; correspondence relating to appointments and patronage; some family correspondence (for which see also CHAR 1); and some engagements cards and diaries. No distinction has been attempted between the offices of Prime Minister and Minister of Defence. The former title has been deemed...
Dates: 1946 - 1947
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Correspondence, A-B., Jan 1929 - Oct 1934

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/572A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Edward Marsh on an expression used by WSC; Cyril Alington, Headmaster of Eton College, on the education of Randolph Churchill (2); [1st] Lord Beatty on subjects including criticism of an obituary of Admiral Franz Hipper (5); Julian Amery; Nancy, Lady Astor on a disagreement with WSC; John Astor; Wilfrid Bailey; Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister, on subjects including WSC's "Marlborough: His Life and Times", WSC's health, Free Trade, India and political affairs (14);...
Dates: Jan 1929 - Oct 1934
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: General Public correspondence, C-D. [please note the majority of the file dates from 1943]., Nov 1941 - Dec 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/472A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: [2nd] Lord Chaplin sending brandy; Sylvia Checkley sending birthday wishes and flowers (5); [1st] Lord Davidson on an appeal fund for Wilson Carlisle, founder of the Church Army (2); Major-General [Charles] Constantine on meeting WSC and receiving a signed photograph from him; Captain A M Dick requesting an autographed photograph (4); [Bernard] Sendall [Principal Private Secretary to Minister of Information] and [James] Drawbell on Drawbell's book "All Change Here"....
Dates: Nov 1941 - Dec 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and praising his leadership and speeches. [please note that almost the whole file dates from 1940]., Jun 1903 - Feb 1941

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/392A-B
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Vyvyan Adams (4) including (2) on his attending a meeting addressed by WSC; [John] Sandeman Allen on [David Lloyd George]; [1st] Lord Alness [earlier Robert Munro]; Julian Amery [Attache HM Legation, Belgrade] on articles by WSC for publication in Yugoslavia (4); Leo Amery [Secretary of State for India and Burma] sending on a 1903 letter from WSC to him on the British Army; Group Captain [Charles] Anderson on the Ministry of Aircraft Production taking over the...
Dates: Jun 1903 - Feb 1941
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q., 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 2/366
Scope and Contents Correspondents, mainly congratulating WSC on his appointment as First Lord of the Admiralty, and on his broadcasts (1 October ["The first month of war"] and 12 November ["Ten weeks of war"]) include: George Lambton; Sir Walter Layton on reactions to WSC's description of the Germans as Huns; Frederick Leathers; "Charley" [7th Lord Londonderry, earlier Lord Castlereagh] on subjects including his differences with [Neville Chamberlain], Prime Minister, on foreign policy, the results of WSC's...
Dates: 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence I - K., 26 Nov 1945 - 08 Jul 1949

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 2/151
Scope and Contents Correspondents include: Ismet Inonu [President of Turkey]; Seyed Taqizadeh [Iranian Ambassador to Britain]; Sir Hastings Ismay [Additional Secretary (Military) to Cabinet] on mementoes of WSC for the Imperial War Museum and notes for ["The Second World War"] (5); Anthony Nutting on the Italian Ambassador to Britain, Duke Tommaso Gallarati-Scotti; Count Nicola Carandini, Italian Ambassador to Britain; Louis Jacquinot, French Minister of Navy, on a memorial to the Free French; Vice-Admiral...
Dates: 26 Nov 1945 - 08 Jul 1949
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Special correspondence: Sir Winston Churchill, 1940-05 - 1955-07

Reference Code: GBR/0014/AMEL 2/2/4
Scope and Contents Correspondence with Sir Winston Churchill on subjects including: organisation of the War Cabinet; the value of air transport, and LSA's view that the Air Ministry did not give it enough importance; averting famine in India; monetary and commercial policy and the possibility of this causing a split in the Conservative Party; the lifelong friendship between Churchill and LSA; honours for LSA; policy on European Union and India after the war; Army reform; Palestine; the possibility of India...
Dates: 1940-05 - 1955-07
Conditions Governing Access: From the Fonds: The papers are open for consultation by researchers using Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge.
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes., 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/156
Scope and Contents Typescript speech notes [with handwritten annotations by WSC and others], extract from Hansard and cutting from the Times, for WSC's speech (8 Sept 1942) entitled "The War Situation" on subjects including success in Vote of Censure debate, success of Malta convoy, the Dieppe [France] Raid, the war in the Pacific, the bombing campaign againt Germany, the Battle of the Atlantic, the condition of the Eighth Army in the Western Desert, and the appointment of Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/183A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (29 January) winding up a debate on the war situation and responding to parliamentary questions on subjects including: the vote of confidence in the government; general policy in the Far East; the defence of Singapore and Malaya [later Malaysia]; the scorched earth policy at Penang; the conduct of the war; and troops and supplies in India. Also includes correspondence from Oliver Locker-Lampson; Percy Harris; Sir Arnold Gridley; Colin Thornley [Principal Private...
Dates: 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/186A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech (8 September) on the war situation including: his position as Prime Minister; the success of getting supplies to Malta; successes of United States and Australian troops against Japan in Pacific; the U Boat war; the United States mission of Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt], General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] and Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] to Great Britain; WSC's...
Dates: 08 Sep 1942 - 11 Sep 1942
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/191A-B
Scope and Contents Speech notes for a speech by WSC (not used) and part of a broadcast about India on calls for Indian independence, the achievements of the Indian army, Gandhi's fast and WSC's illness. Part of the notes form an unused section of WSC's broadcast of 21 March 1943 [see CHAR 9/193]. Source material includes correspondence from Leo Amery, Secretary of State for India and Burma (3), Francis Turnbull [Principal Private Secretary to Secretary of State for India] (2); a pamphlet on Britain and India;...
Dates: 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material., 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHAR 9/193A-C
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's broadcast (21 March) on post war plans including: his illness; the difficulty of forecasting post war expenditure; anticipation of victory against Germany and Japan; the need for a 4 year plan; the Beveridge report; WSC's conviction of the need for social reform; agriculture; public health; education; unemployment. Extracts from the draft [unused] notes include criticism of Gandhi's fast and of the Beveridge report. See CHAR 9/193A/85-116 for description of draft...
Dates: 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
Conditions Governing Access: Open
 File

Speeches: Speech notes., 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946

Reference Code: GBR/0014/CHUR 5/9A-E
Scope and Contents Speech notes for WSC's speech of thanks (4 October 1946, Blackpool [Lancashire]) on receiving the freedom of Blackpool.Speech notes and galley proofs of WSC's speech (5 October 1946, Conservative Party conference, Blackpool) entitled "Every Dog His Day" on subjects including: criticism of the Labour government; the need for a concerted opposition to Communism; foreign policy; the deterioration of relations with the Soviet Union; post war reconstruction; the electoral system; taxation;...
Dates: 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
Conditions Governing Access: Open

The UK Archival Thesaurus has been integrated with our catalogue, thanks to Kings College London and the AIM25 project for their support with this.